Satan-Lewis Sperry Chafer

If any word of mine shall add to the number of
the readers of this book I shall be glad to have written
it; and I sincerely wish that all believers, and
especially all ministers and Christian workers,
might in some way be led to read it.
The subject is vital to any right understanding
of the age in which we live, and of the personal
conflict which we wage ; for the existence, personality,
and power of Satan are awful facts and
of immense present significance.
We walk in the midst of his snares, hear on every
hand his doctrines proclaimed by men of blameless
lives “transformed as the ministers of righteousness,
’ ’ and are allured by the pleasure, place
and power of his perfectly organized world-system.
I know of no other book on Satan in which the
dispensational aspects of the subject are so clearly
stated, nor any other so severely Biblical.
The world has been willing to comply with the
wishes and projects of Satan to the extent of ceasing
to believe that he really exists; this unbelief
being most advantageous in his present undertakings.
Yet the opinions of men have never changed
the facts of revelation, and, according to the Bible,
Satan exists ; still possessed with great power and
influence over the affairs of men-a power and influence
to be increasingly dreaded as this present
age advances.
The teachings of the Scriptures on this important
subject are but little understood by Christians
and seem to be entirely outside the thought of the
world. It is, therefore, to be expected that any attempt
to present this truth will seem, to many,
mere folly and fiction.
The name Satan has by no means been lost. I t
has, however, been associated with a most unscriptural
fancy. Without reference to revelation, the
world has imagined a grotesque being, fitted with
strange trappings, who has been made the central
character in works of fiction and theatrical performances,
and by this relation to that which is
unreal, the character of Satan has come to be considered
only one of the myths of a bygone age.
vi Satan
The Bible reveals a detailed description of the
person and career of Satan beginning with his creation,
and includes his original condition, his fall,
the development and manifestation of his kingdom,
and his final defeat and banishment. It presents
a personage so mighty and so prominent in the
world to-day that the Christian heart would fail,
were it not for faith in the One who has triumphed
over all principalities and powers.
This attempt to outline the Scripture teaching
on this character will be undertaken under certain
general conditions :
First-The authority of the Scriptures of both
the Old Testament and the New will be accepted
without question.
Second-Evidence will be drawn from the Word
of God alone, since no final light can be found on
this subject other than it has pleased God to reveal
in the Bible.
Third-There will be no discussion as to the personality
and existence of Satan; this being both
assumed and taught in the Bible from Genesis to
These pages are prepared especially for believers
; knowing that this body of truth will be wholly
unnoticed or rejected by the unsaved.
There has also been a deep s ense of the seriousness
of the undertaking: both because Satan, by
his present direct power, would, ? possible, hinder
any larger understanding of his projects and purposes
; and because so great a warning has fallen
from the lips of Christ against the sin of ascribing
Introduction vii
to Satan the things which are really of God (Matt.
12 : 22-32). The work has, therefore, been undertaken
with reliance upon the keeping and guiding
power of the Spirit of God, and is presented with
the prayer that believers may have a clearer understanding
of this important body of truth and be
able to say with Paul, “We are not ignorant of his
devices.” It is also desired that some clearer vision
of this mighty foe may be had which will cause
the child of God to realize the overwhelming power
of his adversary and be constrained to “be strong
in the Lord and in the power of his might” that
greater victory may be had in the realization of the
whole will of God.
In sending forth a new and revised edition of
this book, there is abundant reason for gratitude
to God for His blessing which has so manifestly
rested upon the first edition during the ten years
of its circulation. The book was published both
in England and in the United States and the distribution
has totalled over twenty-five thousand
The message of this book is still timely. Every
evidence of the close of the age, mentioned in the
first edition, has been so increased during the past
ten years that the statements there made and which
seemed to some at the time of publishing to be extreme
are now found to be inadequate to describe
the present conditions in the world.
May the Lord our God continue to use this book
to His Own glory and to the edification of His
people is the prayer of
FOREWORD, by Dr. C. I. Scofield . . iii
I .
v .
EDITION . . . . . . . . v
EDITION . – . . . . . VI**I’I
THE Ages . . . . . . . . 21
THE SATANIC HOST . . . . . . 62
SATAN’S MOTIVE . . . . . . . 71
SATAN’s METHODS . . . . . . 80
THE MAN OF SIN . . . . . . 94
THE FATAL OMISSION . . . . . 111
MODERN DEVICES . . . . . . 125
INDEX OF SUBJECTS . . . . . . 173
THIS chapter is a brief outline of the past,
present and future of Satan, which is taken
up at this point both that the following chapters
may be more easily studied and because of the fact
that those passages which deal most directly with
his earliest condition are closely interwoven with
predictions of his future and final defeat.
Revelation in regard to Satan begins with that
dateless period between the perfect creation of the
heavens and the earth (Gen. 1: 1) and the desolating
judgment which ended that period, when the
earth became waste and empty (Gen. 1: 2; Isa.
24 : 1; Jer. 4: 23-26). One passage, Ezek. 28 :
11-19, deals at length with Satan and his relation
to that age. In this Scripture, Satan is evidently
described under the title of “The King of Tyrus.”
Like the Messianic Psalms,-wherein the Psalmist
is apparently referring to himself, though statements
are made and conditions described that could
only be connected with the Messiah, the Son of
God,-so, here, that which is addressed to “The
King of Tyrus” is, by its character, seen to be a
direct reference to the person of Satan ; for no
similar person to whom this description could ap4
ply is revealed in the Scriptures. In the previous
as well as the following chapters the final judgment
of Jehovah is pronounced upon the enemies of His
chosen people. Satan is numbered among these
enemies in 1 Chron. 21: 1; hence he naturally appears
in this list.
Every sentence of this extended passage is a distinct
revelation and is worthy of long and careful
study. Only a passing reference can be made to it
here. The passage is as follows:
“Moreover the word of the Lord came unto me,
saying, Son of man, take up a lamentation upon the
King of Tyrus, and say unto him, Thus saith the
Lord God ; Thou sealest up the sum, full of wisdom,
and perfect in beauty. Thou hast been in Eden
the garden of God ; every precious stone was thy
covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the
beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the
emerald, and the carbuncle and gold : the workmanship
of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared
in thee in the day that thou wast created. Thou
are the anointed cherub that covereth; and I have
set thee so: thou wast upon the holy mountain of
God ; thou hast walked up and down in the midst
of the stones of fire. Thou wast perfect in thy
ways from the day thou wast created, till iniquity
was found in thee. By the multitude of thy merchandise
they have filled the midst of thee with
violence, and thou hast sinned: therefore I will
cast thee as profane out of the mountain of God:
and I will destroy thee, 0 covering cherub, from
the midst of the stones of fire, Thine heart was
The Career of Satan 5
lifted up because of thy beauty, thou hast corrupted
thy wisdom by reason of thy brightness:
I will cast thee to the ground, I will lay thee before
Kings, that they may behold thee. Thou hast defiled
thy sanctuaries by the multitude of thy iniquities,
by the iniquity of thy traffic ; therefore will I
bring forth a fire from the midst of thee, it shall
devour thee, and I will bring thee to ashes upon the
earth in the sight of all them that behold thee.
All they that know thee among the people shall be
astonished at thee : thou shalt be a terror, and never
shalt thou be any more. ”
This passage describes much of the early and latter
career of Satan. Twice is his creation referred
to. In verse fifteen it is stated that he was created
perfect, and in verse thirteen that perfection is set
forth in detail by the suggestive symbols of precious
gems. He among all created beings was also “full
of wisdom, ” “perfect in beauty,” filling up the
sum of perfection. In verse fourteen he is called
the “anointed cherub that covereth.” By this the
purpose of the Creator is revealed. While Satan
doubtless exercised some authority in the earth over
the primal creation, the evident meaning of this
verse is that Satan was created as a guard or protector
to the throne of the Most High. This is reasonable.
Like the golden cherubim, covering the
visible mercy seat in the Holy of Holies of the
earthly tabernacle, he was created a guard and
covering cherub to the heavenly center of Clory.
It is expressly stated that he was located by the
Most High upon the holy mountain of God, the
6 Satan
mountain of God being a symbol of the center of
God’s power, government, and eternal throne (Ps.
48 : 1; 68 : 15 ; Isa. 2 : 2). Over this exalted throne
Satan was set as a covering cherub. He is also said
to have been in “Eden, the garden of God,” which
is evidently another Eden than that in which Satan
appeared as a serpent. The Eden of Genesis was
one of verdure and cosmic beauty, while this is an
Eden of “stones of fire.” No king of Tyrus was
ever in either of the Edens mentioned in the Bible.
The title belongs most evidently to Satan. The
whole passage suggests a position of great authority
for which he was created and anointed; a position
from which he fell, drawing with him a host
of beings over whom he had governing influence and
Again, it is stated that Satan was perfect in all
his ways from the day he was created. It is important
to notice both that he was created, and that
he was created perfect. Since he was created, he is
not self-existent, and never can be free from his
dependence upon the Creator. He may vainly propose
to become independent, and even. be permitted
for a time to act under that delusion; but that only
delays the inevitable judgment that awaits him.
He was created perfect, or was a perfect fulfilment
of the Creator’s intention. Satan was, a free moral
agent, capable of choosing evil but not obliged to
do so. That he chose evil must ever be his own
condemnation, for the Creator had surrounded him
with suficient motives for choosing the good.
Christ said of him, “He was a murderer from the
The Career of Satan 7
beginning, and abode not in the truth.” It is thus
revealed that Satan began in the truth, but afterwards
turned to a state wherein Christ could go on
to say of him, “There is no truth in him. When
he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own : for he is a
liar, and the father of it” (John 8 : 44).
The crime of Satan is partly revealed in verse
sixteen and this is followed by an exact description
of his final judgment as it is predicted in the book
of Revelation.
An important teaching of this passage is of Satan’s
first position and power-a power and wisdom
sufficient to guard the throne of God from
every possible enemy, and a glory and beauty that
would become the highest officer in the Court of
Heaven. By this revelation his present position
and power may be estimated.
Another revelation next in importance is that of
his crime which is clearly set forth in Isa. 14:
12-20. Before reading this passage it should be
noticed that the prophet’s vision of Satan, here recorded,
is from the time of his final judgment, and
the prophet is looking backward over Satan’s who l e
career. Much that is still future is, therefore, referred
to as though it were past. The is
as follows :
“How art thou fallen from heaven, 0 Lucifer,
son of the morning ! How art thou cut clown to the
ground, which didst weaken the nations ! For thou
hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into h e a v e n ,
I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I
will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in
8 Satan
the sides of the north: I will ascend above the
heights of the clouds ; I will be like the Most High.
Yet thou shalt be brought down to hell, to the sides
of the pit. They that see thee shall narrowly look
upon thee, and consider thee, saying, Is this the
man that made the earth to tremble, that did shake
kingdoms ; that made the world as a wilderness,
and destroyed the cities thereof; that opened not
the house of his prisoners? All the kings of the
nations, even all of them, lie in glory, every one
in his own house. But thou art east out of thy
grave like an abominable branch, and aa the raiment
of those that are slain, thrust through with a
sword, that go down to the stones of the pit; as a
carcass trodden under feet.”
This heavenly title, “Lucifer, Son of the Morning,”
speaks of his first place in the celestial sphere,
when the morning stars sang together and all the
sons of God shouted for joy (Job 38 : 7). Christ is
“The Bright and Morning Star,” “The Sun of
Righteousness” who shall yet arise with healing in
His wings.
Has Satan ever fallen from heaven 1 The Word
of God alone can answer this question. There are
seven passages which should be considered in this
connection :
1. Ezek. 28: 16. “Thou hast sinned: therefore
I will cast thee as profane out of the mountain of
This prediction of judgment, with others which
follow in the context and with which this casting
out is associated, are predictions of the yet future
The Career of Satan 9
judgments which are to fall upon Satan when he
is banished to the pit and to the lake of fire. This
passage does not teach that Satan was cast out of
heaven at the time of his sin and as an immediate
judgment for his sin.
2. Isa. 14 : 12. “How art thou fallen from
heaven, 0 Lucifer, son of the morning!”
This Scripture, as has been stated, is also a description
of that final judgment which is to be at
the very end of Satan’s career.
3. Job 1:6. “Now there was a day when the
sons of God came to present themselves before the
LORD, and Satan came also among them. ”
There seems to be nothing unusual in the appearance
and presence of Satan among these heavenly
beings. The passage discloses his position in
heaven and also reveals the fact that, in the days
of Job, Satan was free to go and come in the earth.
4. Luke 22 : 31, 32. “And the Lord said, Simon,
Simon, behold, Satan hath desired to have you [obtained
thee by asking], that he may sift you as
wheat. ”
From this Scripture we may conclude that Satan
still had unchallenged access to the presence of
God in the day when this was spoken.
5. Eph. 6: 11, 12, R. V. “Put on the whole
armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against
the wiles [strategies] of the devil. For our wrestling
is not against flesh and blood, but against the
principalities, against the powers, against the world
rulers of this darkness, against the spiritual hosts
of wickedness in the heavenlies.”
IO Satan
According to the Scriptures, throughout this age
the believer must be prepared to war against a
“spiritual host of wickedness in the heavenlies.”
The contributing evidence of this passage is to the
effect that Satan is not yet east out of heaven.
There is another revelation concerning Satan’s
present position in which it is declared that he now
has access to the earth. “Be sober, be watchful:
your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh
about, seeking whom he may devour: whom withstand
steadfast in the faith” (1 Pet. 5: 8, 9). To
this may also be added the revelation disclosed in
the letter to the church at Pergamos, Rev. 2: 13:
“I know thy works, and where thou dwellest, even
where Satan’s seat [throne] is.”
From these passages it may be concluded that the
position of Satan in heaven and his freedom to go
to and fro in the earth has not changed since the
days of Job.
6. Rev. 12: ‘7-9. “And there was war in heaven :
Michael and his angels fought against the dragon;
and the dragon fought and his angels, and prevailed
not ; neither was there place found any
more in heaven. And the great dragon was cast
out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan,
which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out
into the earth, and his angels were cast out with
him. ’ ’
This is the first passage in the Word of God
which declares Satan to be actually banished from
heaven. The passage also teaches that Satan remains
in heaven until the time herein described.
The Career of Satan II
According to the context it is that yet future time
immediately preceding the setting up in the earth
of the kingdom of God and the power of His Christ.
7. Lk. 10: 18. “And he said unto them, I beheld
Satan as lightning fall from heaven.”
In the light of the passage just considered, it
must be concluded that this WM a prophetic utterance
on the part of Christ, rather than a statement
of history. The seventy had just returned with
joy saying, “Lord, even the devils are subject unto
us through thy name.”
There is no question concerning the sufficiency
of the power of God over Satan. It is only a question
as to when that power will be exercised. The
experience by the seventy of power over devils was
only a suggestion to the mind of Christ of the
mighty power which would yet be displayed in
banishing Satan and his hosts from the heavenly
It is important to distinguish Satan’s yet future
physical banishment out of heaven from his moral
fall. He undoubtedly fell morally at the moment
of his sin, but his position throughout the ages, or
until the return of the King, is in heaven. From
this high position he has access both to God and
to the earth.
There is not the slightest Biblical basis for the
theory that Satan or any of his hosts are now occupying
hell. Though it is revealed that Satan
is now a heavenly being, there is no evidence that
there is agreement or fellowship between God and
Satan. God’s final judgments against Satan are
I2 Satan
not yet executed. In like manner, God has not yet
caused sin to cease in the earth ; but the day is coming
when He will.
Returning to Isa. 14: 12-20, the passage under
consideration, we read of two aspects of Satan’s
present activity: He is first seen to be seeking to
establish authority for himself and then he is seen
to be the promoter of confusion and terror in the
earth. He said, “I will exalt my throne above the
stars of God,” and it is also said of him: “Is this
the man that made the earth to tremble, that did
shake kingdoms; that made the world as a wilderness,
and destroyed the cities thereof; that opened
not the house of his prisoners?”
The crime of Satan is concisely stated in the
fourteenth verse as being a purpose in his heart to
become like the Most High. His heart was lifted
up because of his beauty; he who was created and
placed as the “Covering Cherub,” with the high
honor of guarding the throne of God, has corrupted
his wisdom by reason of his brightness ; he has
struck at the throne which he was set to protect.
It was a purpose in his heart which would require
the time of the ages wholly to destroy. There
could be but one Most High, and the purpose of
Satan to become like Him could, naturally, be nothing
less than an attempt to dethrone the Almighty.
Satan was the first being to manifest a will opposed
to the will of God. In the above passage
from Isaiah, five “I wills” are recorded of him:
“I will ascend into heaven.”
“I will exalt my throne above the stars of God.”
The Career of Satan I3
“I will sit also upon the mount.”
“I will ascend above the heights of the clouds.”
“I will be like the Most High.”
The secret purpose in his heart reveals his method
to be not a violent attack upon the throne ; but, like
Absalom, to steal the hearts of the unfaithful in the
kingdom, and, through subtlety, to gain a kingdom
for himself. He would thus become an object of
worship and attract attention from other beings to
himself. To accomplish this, a hindering attitude
must be assumed toward the purpose and projects
of the Most High. No adequate appreciation can
be formed of Satan’s present projects and devices,
and the motive that prompts them, without a clear
understanding of his age-abiding attitude toward
the Person of God.
There are two prominent events revealed in the
history of Satan, falling within the period of time
when he proposed in his heart to become like the
Most High and his yet future banishment and execution.
The first of these was his meeting with
and triumph over the first Adam, when he wrested
the scepter of authority from man, by securing
man’s loyal obedience to his own suggestion and
counsel. This earthly scepter Satan held by the
full right of conquest, seemingly without challenge
from Jehovah, until the first advent of the Last
Adam; this meeting of the Last Adam, Christ, with
Satan being the second great event which is revealed
during this period in his career. Only the
unfolding of the coming ages can reveal the magnitude
of this terrible conflict. A glimpse is reI4
vealed from time to time of the unceasing effort of
Satan to triumph over the Last Adam, as he had
triumphed over the first. He met the Lord Jesus
in the wilderness, offering Him all he had gained
from the first Adam, even the kingdoms of this
world ; if only he might become like the Most High,
and receive the obedient worship and adoration of
the Last Adam, the Son of God. Again he is seen
voicing his attempt to dissuade the Christ from
His sacrificial death, through the impetuous Peter
(Matt. 16: 23).
Since Satan had been in authority over the
primal earth, it is reasonable to believe that he was
filled with jealousy and hatred toward Adam, the
newly created being to whom the earth authority
was given. Satan made an attack upon Adam and
wrested the scepter from his hand. God then decreed
that there should be enmity between the
seed of the woman and Satan. In tracing the line
of the seed from Eden to Calvary, we may discern
the constant attack of Satan upon this line of seed,
and note as well the unfailing divine protection
and intervention. The first born of Adam is mentioned
in 1 John 3 : 12 as, “Cain, who was of that
wicked one and slew his brother.” But God raised
up Seth. Thus it ever was.
However victorious Satan may have Eeen over the
first Adam, it is certain that he met a com p l e t e and
final judgment and sentence in the Last Adam, and
that the bruising of the serpent’s head which was
a part of the Adamic covenant was realized. Beferring
to His cross, Jesus said, “Now is the judgThe
Career of Satan 15
ment of this world, now shall the prince of this
world be cast out” (John 12: 31). And again in
John 16: 11, “Of judgment because the prince of
this world is judged.” Still another Scriptural
testimony to this great defeat of Satan is recorded
in Col. 2: 13-15: “Having forgiven you all trcspasses
; blotting out the handwriting of ordinances
that was against us, which was contrary to us, and
took it out of the way, nailing it to the cross ; and
having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a
show of them openly, triumphing over them in it.”
It is, therefore, clear that, though Satan may have
triumphed over the first Adam and thereby become
the god and prince of this world, he himself was
perfectly and finally triumphed over and judged
by the Last Adam in the cross.
It is quite possible, however, that a sentence may
be pronounced and made known some time before
the sentence is actually e x e c u ted . During such an.
interval a criminal is said to be under sentence
awaiting his execution which some higher authority
has decreed. This period of sentence is that in
which Satan appears in the present age, which age
had its beginning with the cross. Execution of
this sentence would have banished him forever,
That he is not banished is revealed in the fact that
he, even after his judgment in the cross, is rcfcrred
to in the Scriptures as still being in authority over
this world.
An illustration of Satan’s present relation to this
world may be taken from the history of Saul and
David. It is natural that David, the first to occupy
16 Satan
the Davidic throne, should be a type of Christ,
predicted to be the last and most glorious occupant
of that throne (Luke 1: 3133). As there was a
period between the anointing of David and the
final banishment of Saul, in which Saul reigned as
a usurper, though under divine sentence and David
was the God-appointed king: in like manner there
is now a similar period in which Satan rules as a
usurper, though under sentence ; and the actual
occupation of Christ’s throne is still future. In
this period Satan, the rejected monarch, still rules;
hunting to the death all those who have allied themselves
with Christ, the God-anointed King.
Why Satan is thus allowed to continue his reign
is perhaps but partly revealed. The real Church
which is the Bride of Christ, is to sit with Him
upon His throne (Rev. 3 : 21; 1 Cor. 6 : 2, 3 ; Matt.
19 : 28), and the present age must continue until
that glorious heavenly people are gathered out from
the world. Again, it seems the course of God’s
purpose to make a sufficient and final trial of every
claim of His adversaries; and when this age, with
all its developments, shall have passed by, every
mouth will be stopped, and the whole world and
Satan will know their own failure and sin before
God. They will stand self-condemned, and nothing
could accomplish this but the testing, by actual
trial, of all the self-sufficient claims of, Satan and
man. The sin of man has brought him under sentence
too, and grace alone withholds his immediate
execution (John 3 : 18 ; Rom. 5 : 18, 19). Though
the day of execution is, in the purpose of God deThe
Career of Satan 17
layed, it is, nevertheless, sure; and the time is fast
approaching when an awful destruction of selfenthroned
beings will be executed, and He alone
shall reign, whose right it is to reign, “for he
must reign until he hath put all enemies under
his feet” (1 Cor. 15: 25). The Kingly Son shall
yet arise and claim the nations of the earth and
“break them with a rod of iron, and dash them in
pieces as a potter’s vessel” (Ps. 2 : 9).
Another probable reason for the delay in the
termination of evil in the world and the execution
of judgment upon Satan is that the presence of
evil in the world provides the Christian with a
ceaseless conflict by which he can alone gain the
character of an overcomer. This character is vital
and is priceless in the sight of God.
So, also, the Christian is privileged to be a witness.
(The word witness is from the same root as
martyr.) By his faithful testimony against the
enemy of God, the believer is able to gain his crown
and reward. This, too, is priceless in the sight of
It would seem that, until near the end of his career,
Satan cherishes the expectation of actually
accomplishing his purpose (though the demon testimony
of Matt. 8 : 29 is suggestive on this point).
Preceding his banishment to the pit, he is violently
cast out of heaven and into the earth, according to
Rev. 12 : 7-12 ; and his activity from that time on
is limited to that sphere. He is no longer granted
access to God. The passage is as follows:
“And there was war in heaven : Michael and his
188 Satan
angels fought against the dragon ; and the dragon
fought and his angels, and prevailed not; neither
was there place found any more in heaven. And
the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent,
called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the
whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and
his angels were cast out with him. And I heard a
loud voice saying in heaven, Now is come salvation
and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the
power of His Christ: for the accuser of our brethren
is cast down, which accuseth them before God
day and night. And they overcame him by the
blood of the Lamb, and by the word of their testimony
; and they loved not their lives unto the
death. Therefore rejoice, ye heavens, and ye that
dwell in them. Woe to the inhabitants of the earth
and of the sea ! for the devil is come down unto
you, having great wrath, because he knoweth that
he hath but a short time.”
Here Satan is pictured as being in great wrath
as he is banished from heaven into the earth,
“knowing that he has but a short time.” After
this short time, in which occurs the great tribulation
in the earth, Satan is bound and. cast into a
pit; this being an event in the glorious return of
Christ to the earth, where He will reign on the
throne of His father David for a thousand years.
Satan is confined to the pit during the same period,
at the end of which he is released for “a little season.
’ ’ He then gathers an army for a last attack
upon the government and people of God, which
ends in his being banished to the lake of fire, where
The Career of Satan 19
he meets his final and long predicted doom. T h e s e
events are clearly stated in their order in the nineteenth
and twentieth chapters of Revelation, A
portion of this Scripture is here given:
“And I saw an angel come down from heaven,
having the key of the bottomless pit [abyss] and
a great chain in his hand. And he laid hold on
the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil,
and Satan, and bound him a thousand years. And
cast him into the bottomless pit [abyss], and shut
him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should
deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years
should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed
a little season. . . . And when the thousand years
are expired, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison,
and shall go out to deceive the nations which are in
the four quarters of the earth, Gog and Magog, to
gather them together to battle : the number of whom
is as the sand of the sea. And they went up on
the breadth of the earth, and compassed the camp
of the saints about, and the beloved city: and fire
came down from God out of heaven, and devoured
them. And the devil that deceived them was cast
into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast
and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented
day and night for ever and ever” (Rev. 20 : l-10).
Satan is thus revealed as having been created
perfect in all his ways, mighty in power, and full
of beauty and wisdom. While thus privileged, he
proposed in his heart a stupendous project-himself
to become like the Most High. Though re20
maining in heaven and having access to God, he is
seen wresting the world scepter from man ; ruling
as the god of this world, until the judgment of the
cross; and after that he still rules as a usurper.
At the end of the age he is cast out of heaven into
the earth, with further access to the former denied;
from thence to the pit; and finally is banished to
the lake of fire forever.
This review of the career of Satan is made at this
point in order to call attention to the direct and
mighty influence he exerts upon the affairs of this
world according to his varying positions and freedom.
After Satan rebelled, humanity, too, was thrown
into an abnormal and almost universal attitude of
independence toward God ; and this continues beyond
the cross to the end of the age with increasing
confusion and darkness. The only exception to
this rebellion is the little company of believers,
and how real is the tendency to the self-governed
life of the old nature, even among these! When
Satan is cast out of heaven and limited to the earth,
there is the tribulation upon the earth of which
Jesus speaks in Matt. 24: 21, and which is also referred
to in Dan. 12: 1. When Satan is bound and
put in the pit, and the promised Kingdom of
Christ has come, there is peace covering the earth
as waters cover the face of the deep.
Can it be doubted that this mighty being is a
living power, acting directly over the affairs of
men, even in this self-glorying age?
IT is a conspicuous fact that the comparatively
few errors and inconsistencies in translation
found in the English Authorized Version of the
New Testament serve to hinder, directly or indirectly,
any clear understanding of the teachings of
the Scriptures in regard to the conditions and relationships
of the world at the present time. Even
the Revision did not greatly relieve this confusion
beyond the addition of some helpful marginal renderings.
It would seem, if it were possible, that
Satan, the author of confusion and the only one
advantaged by it, had been able in some subtle way
to keep in darkness that which otherwise would be
light; thus preventing a revelation of his own
The continuation of these misleading translations
is most evident in the unqualified use of the English
word “world. ” This word which, in common
usage, has a limited meaning is used by the translators
as the one English rendering for at least
three widely differing ideas in the Greek text.
Hence if the truth contained in this important body
of Scripture is to be understood, the student must
not only know the various meanings which are ex-
2 1
22 Satan
pressed by the one word, but also be able to determine
the correct use of the word in any single
instance. This necessary effort to understand the
real meaning of many passages has, therefore,
placed the simple truth they contain beyond the
average reader of the Bible.
The English word “world” as used in the New
Testament may mean a distinct period of time,
commonly known as an age (as its original is a few
times translated) ; or it may refer to the things
created-the earth, its inhabitants, or their institutions.
Two of these original meanings are used
in connection with this present time.
First, as to an age, or period of time: The ages
are often referred to in the Scriptures, and the
study of the exact conditions and purposes of each
of them is not a fanciful pursuit, but is rather the
only adequate foundation for any true knowledge
of the Bible. It is not possible to consider all the
ages in this chapter, but only such as may be confused
with the present one.
The age of law, which began with the giving of
the law at Mount Sinai and ended, approximately,
with the death of Christ, is mentioned by Zacharias
in his prophecy at the birth of John: “As he
spake by the mouth of his holy prophets which have
been since the world [age] began” (Lk. 1: 70).
The same period is referred to by Peter in Acts
3:21: “Whom the heavens must receive until the
restitution of all things, which God hath spoken
by the mouth of all his prophets since the world
[age] began.” These references, it will be seen,
The Ages 23
are not to the creation of the world, as the English
rendering would indicate ; but to the beginning of
that particular period in which the prophets spake.
The present age of grace, in which the grace of
God has had its appearing unto salvation, began
where the age of law ended, or with the death of
Christ; and will continue until He comes again.
The duration of this age is suggested by the communion
table which, being peculiar to this age, will
continue to its end. Of this sacrament it is said:
“AS oft as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye
do show the Lord’s death till he come” (1 Cor.
11: 26).
As a distinct period of time this age is mentioned
by the word “world” no less than forty times in
the New Testament. A few of these passages follow
: “And whosoever speaketh a word against
the son of man, it shall be forgiven him: but whosoever
speaketh against the Holy Spirit, it shall not
be forgiven him, neither in this world [age],
neither in the world [age] to come” (Matt. 12: 32).
“And as he sat upon the Mount of Olives, the disciples
came to him privately, saying, Tell us, when
shall these things be 9 and what shall be the sign
of thy coming, and of the end of the world [age] 1”
(Matt. 24: 3). “The field is the world [men] ; the
good seed are the children of the kingdom ; but the
tares are the children of the wicked one; the enemy
that sowed them is the devil ; the harvest is the end
of the world [age] ; and the reapers are the angels”
(Matt. 13: 38, 39). “And, lo, I am with you alway,
even unto the end of the world [age] ” (Matt.
24 Satan
28: 20). “For the children of this world [ age ]
are in their generation wiser than the children of
light” (Lk. 16:8). “And set him at his own
right hand in the heavenlies, far above all principality,
and power, and might, and dominion, and
every name that is named, not only in this worId
[age], but that which is to come” (Eph. 1: 20, 21).
“We should live soberly, righteously, and godly in
this present world [age] ” (Titus 2 : 12). By these
and many other passages, it may be seen that the
present age is a particular limited period of time
in which special conditions are to prevail, and definite
purposes are to be realized.
Judging from the mass of Christian writings and
from utterances in public address and prayer, this
age is assumed by many, without question, to be
the kingdom of Christ; though no Scripture is
found to warrant that conclusion.
There is a kingdom of God which embraces the
entire universe, over which God is enthroned, and
to this kingdom every enemy must finally be
brought back to original subjection and adjustment,
or be banished forever. This final victory is
described in 1 Cor. 15: 24, 25: “Then cometh the
end, when he [Christ] shall have delivered up the
kingdom to God, even the Father; when he shall
have put down all rule and all authority and
power. For he must reign, till he hath put all .
enemies under his feet.”
There is a still more extensive body of Scripture
which anticipates a literal kingdom of righteousness
and peace upon the earth; this theme being the
The Ages 25
burden of the Old Testament prophets, and was
announced by John the Baptist, by Christ and His
disciples. This announcement was simple and
plain : “The kingdom of heaven is at hand.”
The expression “at hand” here used is significant,
indicating not necessarily the immediate future,
though the kingdom was definitely offered to that
generation; but that the earthly kingdom was the
next event which had been clearly announced by
the prophets. When the Messiah had been positively
rejected by the Jews, He began alone, without
even the sympathy of His disciples, to unfold
this forthcoming mystery-age which had been kept
secret in the councils of God. The purpose of this
age was more perfectly revealed to Paul, the first
messenger to the Gentiles. Of this revelation of a
hitherto unknown age and its purpose, Paul writes
in Eph. 3: l-11: “For this cause I Paul, the
prisoner of Jesus Christ for you Gentiles, if ye
have heard of the dispensation of the grace of God
which is given to me to you-ward: how that by
revelation he made known unto me the mystery;
(as I wrote afore in few words, whereby, when ye
read, ye may understand my knowledge in the
mystery of Christ) which in other ages was not
made known unto the sons of men, as it is now revealed
unto his holy apostles and prophets by the
Spirit; that the Gentiles should be fellow-heirs,
and of the same body, and partakers of his promise
in Christ by the gospel: whereof I was made a
minister, according to the gift of the grace of G o d
given unto me by the effectual working of his
26 Satan
power. Unto me, who am less than the least of all
saints, is this grace given, that I should preach
among the Gentiles the unsearchable riches of
Christ; and to make all men see what is the fellowship
of the mystery, which from the beginning of
the world hath been hid in. God, who created all
things by Jesus Christ: to the intent that now unto
the principalities and powers in heavenly places
might be known by the church the manifold wisdom
of God, according to the eternal purpose which he
purposed in Christ Jesus our Lord.”
The same truth is emphasized in Rom. 16: 25:
“Now to him that is of power to stablish you according
to my gospel, and the preaching of Jesus
Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery,
which was kept secret since the world began.”
This new age of the Gentiles was also to have its
hope centered in Jesus Christ, but in His sacrificial
death rather than His kingly reign. It was to
be an age in which the Gentiles were to be visited
and a people called out from them for His own
Person (Acts 15: 14) ; and these people, who are
the real Church, were to be built together upon a
rock (Matt. 16: 18) ; their glorious salvation and
final heavenly perfection were to rest only on His
perfect and finished work for them. By this divine
transformation, He would secure out of all nations,
both Gentiles and Jews, a heavenly people ; wholly
fitted in quality to be His own body, His heavenly
bride, and a kingdom of priests unto God
All this, though not revealed in past ages, was
known in the councils of God (Acts 15 : I8), and is
The Ages 27
parenthetical in the history of the Jew. It is a delay
of their earthly kingdom and in no way its fulfilment
or substitute.
Want of knowledge concerning the right divisions
of truth is also evident in the general impression
that God has cast off His people, the Jews, and
that the Gentiles are their rightful successors and
the recipients of the blessings of their unfulfilled
prophecies. This confusion is due to a failure to
distinguish between this and the following age.
Two distinct lines of seed were promised to Abraham.
One, an earthly seed, to be like the dust of
the earth, without number (Gen. 13 : IS), centered
wholly in the earth by a relationship of physical
generation: the other seed were likened to the stars
of heaven, without number (Gen. 15: 5), centered
wholly in the heavenlies by a relationship of Spirit
regeneration, which is the present answer of God
to all true Abrahamic faith (Rom. 4: 1-5). The
earthly people found their origin in the physical
fatherhood of Abraham: while the heavenly people
find theirs in the shed blood of Christ. One
had an earthly history from Abraham’s time to
their dispersion among the Gentiles-a history
which will yet be resumed and the everlasting covenants
fulfilled in the faithfulness of God: the
other has a transient earthly pilgrimage from the
cross continuing until their completion as a separated.
people; when they will be caught up to meet
and marry their Bridegroom, and be forever with
the Lord (1 Thes. 4: 13-17).
To one, Christ is the coming glorious Messiah,
28 Satan
who will sit upon the throne of His father, David
(Lk. 1: 31-33)) in a literal earthly kingdom (else
all Scripture language fails) : to the other, He is
the glorious Head of the Body, and coming Bridegroom.
One of these lines of seed will be the
favored subjects in the earthly kingdom: while
the other will be in His bosom as a bride, and be
associated with Him in His reign (1 Cor. 6 : 2 ;
Rev. 3 : 21).
As these two lines of seed are everywhere distinct,
there must be at least two separate ages for
the accomplishment of these ends. What, then,
are these ages?
If it is believed that an earthly kingdom, with
Messiah as King, is promised the Jew, it must also
be admitted that the Jew is not now enjoying that
kingdom ; nor has he had any semblance of a
kingdom during all the centuries since his dispersion
among the Gentiles. This age cannot, therefore,
be the predicted earthly kingdom of Christ.
Turning to Acts 15: 13-18, a description of the
present age and that which will follow is found.
The passage is as follows : “And after they had
held their peace, James answered, saying, Men
and brethren, hearken unto me: Simeon hath declared
how God at the first did visit the Gentiles, to
take out of them a people for his name. And to
this agree the words of the prophets; as it is written,
after this I will return, and will build again
the tabernacle of David, which is fallen down; and
I will build again the ruins thereof, and I will
set it up ; that the residue of men might seek
after the Lord, and all the Gentiles, upon whom
my name is called, saith the Lord, who doeth all
these things. Known unto God are all his works
from the beginning of the world.”
It is recorded that after His resurrection Jesus
was seen for forty days by the apostles whom He
had chosen, and during this time He was speaking
to them concerning the kingdom of God. It
was natural, therefore, for them to inquire, at
the end of those days, “Lord, wilt thou at this
time restore again the kingdom unto Israel?”
(Acts 1: 6) and they had full warrant from the
prophets to expect that great event when their
Messiah came. They had not, however, grasped the
meaning of the then dawning age of the gathering
out of the Bride, and in this passage they are
seen adjusting themselves to the newly revealed
divine program, and recognizing the God-appointed
delay in the predicted earthly kingdom.
In Acts 15: just referred to, the purpose of two
distinct ages is set forth. The first age is described
as the “visiting of the Gentiles,” that from among
them a heavenly people may be called out, and is
a description of this present age, which had its beginning
in the very generation in which this passage
was written; for no previous age could meet
these conditions. The second age, here described,
is that of a rebuilding of the Davidic order which
is clearly separated from the former age by the
return of Christ. This same order of events is also
carefully maintained wherever these events are
referred to in the Bible, and any confusion of
30 Satan
the order is a positive violence to the truth. The
revealed consummation of this Gentile age is always
the return of Christ, who comes first to receive
His own ; then to render judgment upon all
the nations, and to bind the enemy and place him
in the pit. The same return of Christ is the necessary
preliminary event before any kingdom of
righteousness and peace can be realized upon the
earth. No amount of enlightened sentiment can
establish the kingdom without the King; and no
universal blessedness can be experienced in this
world until the enemy is dethroned and banished.
Sadly has the world failed to include these two
necessary divine movements, in its vain dream
and godless attempt at a perfected universe !
The purpose of this age is then defined as the
visiting of the Gentiles to call out of them a people
for His name ; the called out people being the
true Church (as that word signifies), which is made
up of all the saved ones who have been saved since
the Day of Pentecost at which time the Spirit
came to unite them into one body and to indwell
them. They are the heavenly people, regenerate
and complete in Christ, their Bridegroom and
living Head.
When this age is considered as the kingdom of
Christ, it is usually thought of as in a state of
development. This is a necessary conclusion in
view of the presence of sin and failure in the
world. But the setting up of the earthly kingdom
is never described as the result of a process. The
Bible deals conclusively with this question.
The Ages 3’
In Dan. 2: 34-35, an image is described, which is
deiined as being a symbol of the then dawning
Gentile world power (which power is still continuing,
Lk. 21: 24). The image is here made to represent
both the development of world rule and
its final ending. The image by its various sections
previews the successive world-powers that
were to be. The end is then precipitated by a
shattering blow from a stone, “cut out without
hands. ” By the same inspired interpretation, the
“stone” becomes both a symbol of superhuman
power, being “cut out without hands,” and a type
of Christ, the Ancient of Days, in His coming to
the earth as a resistless Monarch, banishing all rule
and authority. A portion of the whole passage
reads thus : “Thou sawest till that a stone was
cut out without hands, which smote the image upon
his feet that were of iron and clay, and brake them
to pieces. Then was the iron, the clay, the brass,
the silver, and the gold, broken to pieces together,
and became like the chaff of the summer threshing-
floor ; and the wind carried them away, that
no place was found for them: and the stone that
smote the image became a greatcmountain, and filled
the whole earth” (Dan. 2 : 34-35).
This being a divinely interpreted prophecy concerning
the extent and ending of the present Gentile
age, it should be noted that the stone (Christ)
strikes the image (the world power) with one
destructive blow, and at the time when it has become
fully developed. The blow is struck on the
part of the image which is last formed. The great
32 Satan
image is thus instantly and violently broken to
pieces and is even blown away “like the chaff of
the summer threshing-floor. ” In like manner, according
to this prophecy, the whole Gentile rule
will suddenly be broken and will vanish.
It should also be noted from these symbols that
the atone does not “become a mountain and fill
the whole earth” until the great image has been
scattered to dust. From this it is certain that
there can be no development of the kingdom
of Christ on the earth before the final breaking of
the kingdoms of the earth. This same order is
recognized throughout all prophecy. The King
suddenly returns as lightning shining from one
part of heaven to the other; Satan is violently
seized and cast into prison ; and a nation is born
at once. The second Psalm connects the kingly
reign of Christ-the time when He is set upon
the holy hill of Zion-with the time when He shall
claim the nations of the earth and “break them
with a rod of iron and dash them in pieces as a
potter’s vessel.” Also in Matt. 25: 31, “when He
sits on the throne of his glory” the “blessed of
the Father” are called to enter the kingdom prepared
for them from the foundation of the world.
And in Rev. 12: 7-12, where Satan is cast out
into the earth and the execution of his sentence is
begun, the announcement is made by a. loud voice
in heaven, “Now is come salvation, and strength,
and the kingdom of our God, and the power of his
The Ages 33
Christ. ’ ’ There is no evidence of a gradual process
here; all is sudden and decisive.
Again, this age is not the coming earthly kingdom
for nowhere are the promised conditions of
that kingdom now to be found. The Old Testament
prophecies contain long and detailed deseriptions
of that glorious time. God’s ancient people
shall become the chosen nation, restored to their
own land ; the enemy shall be banished ; the earth
shall be purified, and blossom as a rose. “The wolf
also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall
lie down with the kid ; and the calf and the young
lion and the fatling together ; and a little child shall
lead them. And the cow and the bear shall feed;
their young ones shall lie down together, and the
lion shall eat straw like the ox. And the sucking
child shall play on the hole of the asp, and the
weaned child shall put his hand on the cockatrice
den. They shall not hurt or destroy in all my
holy mountain: for the earth shall be full of the
knowledge of the Lord, as the waters cover the
sea” (Isa. 11: 6-9). “And in that day will I
make a covenant for them with the beasts of the
field, and with the fowls of heaven, and with the
creeping things of the ground: and I will break
the bow and the sword and the battle out of the
earth, and will make them to lie down safely” (Hos.
2: 18). “And it shall come to pass in that day,
that the mountains shall drop down new wine,
and the hills shall flow with milk, and all the
rivers of Judah shall flow with waters, and a foun34
tain shall come forth of the house of the Lord, and
shall water the valley of Shittim” (Joel 3: 18).
“Sing and rejoice, 0 daughter of Zion: for, lo, I
come, and I will dwell in the midst of thee, saith
the Lord. And many nations shall be joined to
the Lord in that day, and shall be my people: and
I will dwell in the midst of thee, and thou shalt
know that the Lord of hosts hath sent me unto
thee” (Zech. 2: 10, 11). “Thus saith the Lord of
hosts; in those days it shall come to pass, that ten
men shall take hold out of all languages of the nation,
even shall take hold of the skirt of him that
is a Jew, saying, We will go with you: for we have
heard that God is with you” (Zech. 8 : 23). “ F o r
behold, I create new heavens and a new earth: and
the former shall not be remembered, nor come into
mind. But be ye glad and rejoice forever in that
which I create: for behold, I create Jerusalem a
rejoicing, and her people a joy. And I will rejoice
in Jerusalem, and joy in my people: and
the voice of weeping shall be no more heard in her,
nor the voice of crying, There shall be no more
thence an infant of days, nor an old man that hath
not filled his days: for the child shall die an
hundred years old ; but the sinner being an hundred
years old shall be accursed. And they shall
build houses, and inhabit them ; and they shall
plant vineyards, and eat the fruit of them” (Isa.
65 : 17-21). “Then the eyes of the blind shall be
opened, and the ears of the deaf shall tie unstopped.
Then shall the lame man leap as an hart, and the
tongue of the dumb sing: for in the wilderness
The Ages 3.5
shall waters break out, and streams in the desert”
(Isa. 35 : 5, 6). “But this shall be the covenant
that I will make with the house of Israel. After
those days, saith the Lord, I will put my law in
their inward parts, and write it in their hearts ; and
will be their God and they shall be my people.
And they shall teach no more every man his neighbor,
and every man his brother, saying, Know the
Lord: for they shall all know me, from the least
of them unto the greatest of them, saith the Lord:
for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember
their sins no more” (Jer. 31: 33, 34). “For
unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given:
and the government shall be upon his shoulder:
and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor,
The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The
Prince of Peace. Of the increase of his government
and peace there shall be no end, upon the
throne of David, and upon the kingdom, to order
it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice
from henceforth even forever. The zeal of
the Lord of hosts will perform this” (Isa. 9: 6,
7). “He shall be great, and shall be called the Son
of the Highest.: and the Lord God shall give unto
him the throne of his father David ; and he
shall reign over the house of Jacob forever; and of
his kingdom there shall be no end” (Lk. 1: 32,
33). “And he shall set up an ensign for the nations,
and shall assemble the outcasts of Israel,
and gather together the dispersed of Judah from
the four corners of the earth” (Isa. 11: 12).
“And he shall judge among many people, and
36 Satan
rebuke strong nations afar off; and they shall beat
their swords into plowshares, and their spears into
pruning hooks: nation shall not lift up a sword
against nation, neither shall they learn war any
more. But they shall sit every man under his vine
and under his fig tree ; and none shall make them
afraid: for the mouth of the Lord of hosts hath
spoken it” (Micah 4: 3, 4) ?
Though blessings abound in the individual heart,
and though the predicted conditions which are
to precede the return of the King are everywhere
present, the Messianic kingdom is not yet set up
in the earth. It is still “the times of the Gentiles.”
1 A more extended discussion of the plan and purpose of
God in the ages will be found in the Author’8 book, ‘The
Kingdom in History and Prophecy.”
I’ is necessary to distinguish between rightly
dividing the Word of Truth, and a critical attitude
toward that word; the former being an important
duty in the believer’s life, according to 2
Tim. 2: 15, while the latter may easily become a
wicked and misleading display of unbelief and the
wisdom of this world (1 Cor. 1: 19).
Personal interest in the Word of God usually begins
with the first understanding of its real divisions;
and no one is prepared to understand the
providence of God who does not first come to know
something of the purpose of God as marked off
by these divisions. Especially is this necessary, as
has been stated, for any clear understanding of
the present age.
Again, the power and force of the whole body of
Scripture must depend, in a large measure, upon
a belief in unfulfilled prophecy. Such a belief is
not general, even among Christians. They believe
that Christ came in the flesh, suffered, died, and
rose again, because that is all now a matter of
history; but that belief is not greatly influenced by
the fact that this was all exactly foretold by the
prophets. Let those who are free to condemn the
38 Satan
pious Jew for not recognizing the fulfilment of
prophecy in the first advent of Christ, beware lest
they fail rightly to interpret the signs of these
times, or look with positive unbelief upon the stupendous
events that, according to prophecy, are imminent
to-day. It seems a sore test of faith to
believe that which is predicted for the present age,
though those predictions are being fulfilled in
every particular. This prevailing attitude of unbelief
usually arises from one of two errors: either
Satan has been so estimated that it seems impossible
for him to be the promoter of anything that
is moral or good (of this error more will be said
in the following chapters), or the exact meaning
and purpose of this age has been disbelieved or misunderstood
; and because of these conditions many
enthusiastic Christians are found to be, not only
working toward unscriptural and hopeless ends, but
are actually contributing to the confusion and
darkness that is prevalent to-day.
The purpose and course of this age are not matters
of prediction alone. Almost two thousand
years of history may be considered in the light of
these predictions; and while the age is not yet complete,
and much that is reserved for the last days
may be still future, enough of prophecy has now
been fulfilled to indicate the certain fubilment of
Since there has been no universal conversion of
men in even the most favored locality, it is evident
that, thus far, there has been a separating and
The Course of this Age 39
calling out of a few from the many ; and the divine
purpose, as revealed in the Scriptures, which is to
gather out a people from the Gentiles for His own
name, has been verified. The blessing of God has
been upon world-wide evangelism, rather than upon
any fruitless attempts at world-wide conversion ;
for the individual or church that has become selfcentered
has, to that degree, sacrificed the power
and blessing of the presence of Christ which was
promised in Matt. 28 : 20 : “Go ye therefore, and
disciple all nations”-“ Lo, I am with you alway,
even unto the end of the age.”
Again, the formation of the kingdom has not
been discernible in the present age. The Jews, to
whom alone the promises of an earthly kingdom belong,
have continued a separate people under the
unseen hand of God, without a country, or a vestige
of national life. Certainly none of the predicted
and necessary events accompanying the establishment
of their kingdom have been experienced, nor
is there any trace of its promised blessings. The
fact that the Jews are now about to receive the title
and possession of their native land, argues nothing
for this age, more than that its end is very near, and
that the way for their coming Messiah and national
glory is being prepared. Just so, the conspicuous
fact that all the marvelous present development
of the resources of the earth has been
limited to about the last sixtieth of the present
history of the age may be evidence that the earth’s
return to her former glory is already in preparation.
in the revealed course of this age can be,
therefore, verified by history as well as-based on
the predictions of Scripture.
The present age differs from all others by reason
of the admixture of opposing classes of people ;
there being two divisions (not including the Jew
as a nation) living and acting together, who are,
nevertheless, removed from each other by a gulf
that is immeasurable. This fact necessitates many
careful distinctions and special injunctions which
are peculiar to the age.
The fact that these two widely differing classes
are present together, and are to continue so to
the end of the age, is the teaching of the seven
parables in the thirteenth chapter of Matthew.
Very much, therefore, depends upon the correct
interpretation of these parables. Their meaning
has been somewhat hidden by the use of the word
“world” where reference is made to this period of
time; and the fact that the conditions described are
true of this age only, has not been generally realized.
These seven parables are but a description of the
unfolding and development of these mixed elements
to be found in Christendom throughout this
age. A similar prophecy, adding fuller historical
details, is again proclaimed by Christ from the
Glory, in the messages to the seven churches of
Asia (Rev. 2 and 3). In these seven letters to
organized existing churches, besides other applications,
is revealed an outline of the history of
Christendom for this entire age. The first two
The Course of this Age 41
parables of Matt. 13 are interpreted by Christ Himself,
and His interpretation of these sheds light
on all that follows.
Christ is the Sower in both the first and second
of these parables, and the sowing is continued by
His servants throughout this age, The field is the
world of men, which reveals a marked change from
the responsibility of the Jewish age which was then
closing, and the results of the sowing are most definite:
not all the good seed sown comes to fruitage,
or wheat, and the wheat and the tares grow together
until the end of the age. This interpretation
is not fanciful, for it is given by Christ Himself;
and the parables which follow must necessarily
agree with these. The third and fourth are
of the mustard seed and the measure of meal.
Though commonly interpreted to mean the worldwide
development of the church and the permeating
influence of the Gospel, in the light of the interpretation
of the previous parables they can mean
only the mixture of evil with that which began as
small as a mustard seed and as pure as meal. N o
one can reasonably deny the fact that even the
true believers have been influenced by that which
leaven represents according to the Bible. The
“leaven of the Pharisees” is formalism; the
“leaven of the Sadducees” is rationalism ; and
“the leaven of the Herodians” is worldliness.
The fifth parable is of a treasure hid in a field,
which pictures the earthly people in the world;
while their real relation to Christ is covered until
the accomplishment of that which is revealed in the
42 Satan
sixth. Here the same man, the Lord Jesus Christ,
sells all that He hath to purchase the Church, the
pearl of great price, for He “loved the church, and
gave himself for it” (Eph. 5: 25) ; the pearl, by
its formation and its power to reflect the light, being
a wonderful type of the Church in her present
formation and future place in glory. Both the
treasure and the pearl are found in the world, but
do not include all of the world. The last parable
but restates the truth that the mixture of the good
and the evil is to continue to the end of the age.
The highest ambition of the great missionary,
Paul, was to be all things to all men that he might
save some, not all. He found that his preaching
was a savour of “death unto death” as well as of
“life unto life” (2 Cor. 2: 15, 16), and he clearly
states in 2 Tim. 3: 13, “But evil men and seducers
shall wax worse and worse, deceiving, and being
deceived. ” Christ also predicted that the end of
this age should be marked by such sin as provoked
the judgment of the flood: “But as the days of
Noe were, so shall also the coming of the Son of man
b e . For as in the days that were before the flood
they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving
in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into
the ark, and knew not until the flood came, and
took them all away; so shall also the coming of the
Son of man be” (Matt. 24: 37-39).
This truth is often rejected as being pessimistic
and disloyal to the progress of the wclrld, yet has
not the history of the age verified the teaching?
And is not the coming glory nearer and more cerThe
Course of this Age 43
tain when depending upon His promised return in
resistless power and splendor, than when depending
upon any human progress the world has ever
known? One is the majestic movement of the
divine program in fulfilment of every covenant:
while the other is the vain dream of the world in
its ignorance and disregard for the testimony of
Because of the presence of these two classes in
the world during this age, there are two very distinct
lines of Scripture descriptive of them. One
body of Scripture directly applies to and governs
the “wheat” or heavenly people, and one applies
to the “tares,” the “children of the evil one.”
The marvelous revelation of the believer’s relation
to Christ and the heavenlies, and his deliverance
from any actual identification with this age, though
in it, will be the subject of another chapter. Only
the relation of the unregenerate to this world and
to Satan will be considered at this point.
As it has pleased Satan to hide himself and all
his projects from the unbelieving world, that which
God has revealed in all faithfulness will be received
only by those who have unquestioning confidence
in His Word.
According to the Scriptures, the relation of the
unbelieving to Satan is far more vital than a mere
pleasure-seeking allegiance. On two occasions
Jesus spoke of the unsaved as the “children of
Satan” (Matt. 13 : 38 ; John 8 : 44)) and Paul so
addressed Elymas, the sorcerer, according to Acts
13: 10. The same class is also twice called the
44 Satan
“children of disobedience” (Eph. 2: 2; Cal. 3: 6),
and once it is called the “children of wrath” (Eph.
2: 3).
It is evident that these are descriptions of the
same class of people, since both terms are employed
together in Eph. 5: 6: “Let no man deceive you
with vain words : for because of these things cometh
the wrath of God upon the children of disobedience.
’ ’ The exact cause of that wrath is stated in
Rom. 1: 18 (R. V.) : “For the wrath of God is
revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and
unrighteousness of men, who hinder the truth in
unrighteousness.” Therefore, the willful neglect
and disregard of the testimony of God by the
world has allied them with Satan, and placed them
under the wrath of God, which must find its righteous
execution in due time if grace is not accepted.
Again, Satan is revealed as directing and em-
, powering the children of disobedience: “And you
hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses
and sins ; wherein in time past ye walked according
to the course of this world [age], according
to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit
that now worketh in the children of disobedience”
(Eph. 2: 7, 2).The real force of this passage,
also, is dependent upon the meaning of one word;
the word “worketh” being the same as is used in
Phil. 2: 13, where God is said to impart Ilis wisdom
and strength to the believer: ‘(For it is ‘God which
worketh in you both to will and to do of his good
pleasure. ” Additional light may be had as to
the reality of Ohis relationship and the impartation
The Course of this Age 45
of power which it implies from the following passages
in which the same Greek word is used. (The
word in question is here itabcised) : “And there
are diversities of operations, but it is the same God
that worketh all in all” (1 Cor. 12: 6) ; “But all
these [gifts] worketh that one and the selfsame
Spirit, dividing to every man severally as he will”
(1 Cor. 12 : 11) ; “And what is the exceeding greatness
of his power to usward who believe, according
to the working of his mighty power, which he
wrought in Christ when he raised him from the
dead, and set him at his own right hand in the
heavenlies ’ ’ (Eph. 1: 19-20) ; “For he that
wrought effectually in Peter to the apostleship of
the circumcision, the same was mighty in me toward
the Gentiles” (Gal. 2: 8) ; “Whereunto I also
Iabor, striving according to his working, which
worketh in me mightily” (Col. 1: 29) ; “Now unto
him that is able to do exceeding abundantly above
all that we ask or think, according to his power
that worketh in us” (Eph. 3 : 20). It is also said
in regard to the energizing power of Satan, using
the same Greek word: “For the mystery of iniquity
doth already work” (2 Thes. 2: ‘7) ; “For
when we were in the flesh, the motions of sins, which
were by the law, did work in our members to bring
forth fruit unto death” (Rom. 7: 5). In the last
two passages quoted, the meaning is, like the preceding
passages, of an imparted energy, and is,
therefore, most suggestive.
It may then be concluded from the testimony of
the Scriptures that Satan imparts his wisdom and
46 ‘Satan
strength to the unbelieving in the same manner aa
the power of God is imparted to the believer by the
Holy Spirit. There is, however, no revelation as
to the comparative degree of strength imparted by
e a c h . It should be further noted in this connection
that this impartation of energizing power from
Satan is not toward a limited few who might be
said, because of some strange conduct, to be
possessed of a demon ; but is the common condition
of all who are yet unsaved, and are, therefore, still
in the “power of darkness. ”
The relation between the unregenerate and Satan
is still more vital, according to the Greek text from
which 1 John 5 : 19 is translated. The Revised
Version renders it, with marginal note, as follows:
“‘We know that we are of God, and the whole
world lieth in the evil one.” In this passage there
are two startling revelations in regard to this relationship.
First, the word “in” is the same as
is used everywhereof the believer when he is said to
be in Christ, and in the case of the believer it signifies
an organic union to Christ, As a branch
is in the vine, so the believer is in Christ. Though
the word, when used of the unregenerate, cannot
mean the same degree of organic life-relationship
as exists between Christ and the believer, yet it
does denote a deep relationship; and Satan is the
light, inspiration, and power, of all those whom he
The second revelation in the passage js found in
the word “lieth”–“The whole world l.!eth in the
evil one. ’ ’ It might possibly be translated “lieth
The Course of this Age 4 7
asleep ” ; for its condition is not only a fixed position
in the evil one, but is also a condition of unconsciousness.
The saved ones are said to be in
the Father’s hand where no created thing can
pluck them out (John 10: 29), and underneath are
the everlasting arms: so the great mass of unsaved
humanity are in the arms of Satan, and by his
subtlety they are all unconscious of their position
and relation. This is not at all strange. Even the
believer has no present power to discern his glorious
position and security in the Father’s hand,
apart from the assurance of the written Word.
Much less, then, can the unbeliever come to realize
his own position in the arms of Satan, when, under
the direction of Satan, he gives no heed to
the testimony of God.
Still another passage should be noted in this connection.
In 2 Cor. 4: 3, 4, Satan is described as
the god of this world, blinding the minds of the
unbelieving. The whole passage is as follows:
“And if our gospel is veiled, it is veiled in them
that perish: in whom the god of this age hath
blinded the thoughts of the unbelieving that the
light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is
the image of God should not dawn upon them” (R.
V. with margin). In this passage the unconscious
condition is said to be the direct result of the power
of Satan, and the blindness of their thoughts, it
is stated, is along one particular line. To them
the gospel is veiled ; and the gospel here referred
to is not the whole life story of Jesus, nor is it the
“Gospel of the kingdom”; but the message of
48 Satan
good news or favor-the exact terms of salvation
by grace alone. This Paul here calls “my gospel,”
for to him it was first unfolded in its completeness.
The unregenerate are, then, unconscious of their
position in the arms of Satan, and blind in their
thoughts toward the gospel of mercy and grace,-
their only hope for time or eternity. Satan, like a
fond mother, is bending over those in his arms,
breathing into their minds the quieting balm of a
“universal fatherhood of God” and a “universal
brotherhood of man”; suggesting their worthiness
before God on the ground of their own moral character
and physical generation ; feeding their tendency
to imitate the true faith by great humanitarian
undertakings and schemes for the reformation
of individuals and the betterment of the social
order. God’s necessary requirements of regeneration
are carefully set aside, and the blinded souls
go on without hope, “having the understanding
darkened, being alienated from the life of God
through the ignorance that is in them, because of
the blindness of their heart” (Eph. 4 : 18). How
important, aa a preparation for salvation, is the illuminating
work of the Spirit in conviction, by
which He lifts the veil and opens the mind to a
new vision of the redemption and glory “that is in
Christ! Without this God-given vision there can
be no understanding of the way of life, nor any
intelligent decision for Christ1
1 The divine part in the salvation of men is more fully
presented in the Author’s volume, “True Evangelism.”
IT may also be concluded from the study of the
ages that God has not been pleased to meet the
presumptuous claims of Satan or of man by a simple
denial of those claims ; He has chosen rather
to bring everything to an experimental test. One
advantage of this method is obvious: every mouth
will be stopped, and the entire universe of beings
will see clearly the utter folly of that which
might have been arbitrarily denied. Man can no
longer claim that his conscience is sufficient to
guide him to his highest destiny ; since the whole
race, when standing on that basis before God, so
utterly failed that their destruction by a flood was
necessary. In like manner, by the history of a most
favored people in the age preceding the first advent
of Christ, man has demonstrated his own inability
to do right or to keep the law. In the present age,
man proves his separation from his Creator by his
. . spirit of self-sufficiency and positive rejection of
God. The present issue between God and man is
one of whether man will accept God’s estimate of
him, abandon his hopeless self-struggle, and cast
himself only on the grace of God which alone is
sufficient to accomplish his needed transformation,
50 Satan
All divine love, wisdom, and power have wrought
to provide salvation for man ; and when this last
and supreme effort of God has been rejected, the
final pleading with man must be forever past, and
the long delayed judgment upon sin be executed
in righteousness.
It has already been pointed out that Satan purposed
in his heart to attempt all the functions of
God; and, accoriting to the Scriptures, that which
he purposed is being permitted, to the extent of
his ability, throughout the course of this age.
Though his failure and defeat have been predicted
from the beginning, it has pleased God to permit
the Satanic ambition to come to its own destruction,
and to demonstrate its own weakness and wicked
folly. NO other solution is given of the present
power of Satan and the manifestations of his increasing
authority yet to be experienced in the
closing scenes of this age.
His present authority is by no means complete.
In 2 Thes. 2: 7 R. V. it is stated: “The mystery
of lawlessness doth already work: only there is one
that restrainth now, until he be taken out of the
way. ’ ’ This is believed to be a description of the
work of the Holy Spirit as He restraine and hinders
the development of the power of evil. Nor
can Satan direct the affairs of that part of humanity
who have been delivered from the power of
darkness and are now united to Christ (unless they
yield to his wishes), though they are in i;he world
and their earth lives are mingled in much of its
history. These saved ones are the antiseptic salt,
This Age and the Satanic System 51
hindering, like the Spirit who indwells them, the
untimely dissolution of humanity. Again, Satan’s
dominion is limited in that “there is no power but
of God: the powers that be are ordained of God”
(Rom. 13: 1). In this Scripture it is revealed
that Satan, though in authority, is not wholly free
from his Creator, and that any direction of the
governments of the world which he exercises is by
permission from God. Therefore, the efforts of
Satan and man are not supreme, but must come to
their predicted end when the eternal purpose of
God has had its realization in the gathering out
from both Jews and Gentiles a heavenly people for
His own name.
The whole race but recently trembled and suffered
under the untold agony of a world-war, and
yet there are still those who are confident that the
sagacity of man is not only controlling iniquity,
but is gradually developing an improved social order.
Thus, man, in his vanity, assigns to himself
that which is of God alone, for all the elements
of corruption and tribulat.ion are latent in the
world to-day, and the mighty effort of God is required
to stay its bursting into flame until the
appointed time. Tribulation will, therefore, instantly
begin when the hand of God is removed
from the unregenerate and Sat,an-ruled humanity.
Though under the restraining hand of God,
Satan, according to the Scriptures, is now in authority
over the unregenerate world, and the unsaved
are unconsciously organized and federated
under his leading. The fact that there is such a
52 Satan
federation, although stated in the Bible, is obscured
in translat,ion. In at least thirty important
passages the English word “world” is again used
without qualification. In these passages reference
is made to a great evil system or order over which
Satan is in authority, the word “world” referring
to the world of men, their evil undertakings, ideals
and federation. This federation includes all of
the unsaved and fallen humanity; it has the cooperation
of the fallen spirits, and is the union
of all who are living and acting in independence
of Cod. This Satanic system has its own ideals and
principles which are in sharp contrast to the ideals
and principles given to the redeemed, yet these
two classes must mingle together as closely as the
ties of human life can bring them.
The whole truth concerning this federation is
contained in those passages wherein the Satanic
system is mentioned.
First, Satan is its governing head. Three times
Jesus referred to Satan as the prince of the Satanic
system : “Now is the judgment of this world:
now shall the prince of this world [Satanic system]
be cast out” (John 12: 31). “Hereafter I
will not talk much with you: for the prince of this
world [Satanic system] cometh, and hath nothing
in me” (John 14 : 30). “Of judgment, because the
prince of this world [Satanic system] is judged”
(John 16: 11). Paul also refers to Satan as the
“prince of the power of the air” (Eph. 2: 2)) and
again as the “god of this world [age],” (2 Cor.
4: 4). In the latter passage, mention is made of
This Age and the Satanic System 53
the age or period of time only, aa in Eph. 6: 12:
“For our wrestling is not against flesh and blood,
but against the principalities, against the powers,
against the age rulers of this darkness, against the
spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenlies”
(R. V.).
An important revelation regarding the present
authority of Satan over the world is given in the
letter to the church in Pergamos. The ascended
Lord said to this church: “I know thy works,
and where thou dwellest, even where Satan’s seat
[throne] is. ” The church at Pergamos, being in
the world, was under the fierce attack of the one
whose rule is over the earth.
From these Scriptures it must be conceded that
the offer, which Satan made to Christ, of the then
inhabited earth, was very real. The Scripture is
as follows : “And the devil, taking him up into an
high mountain, showed him the kingdoms of the
world in a moment of time. And the devil said
unto him, All this power will I give thee, and the
glory of them: for that is delivered unto me; and
to whomsoever I will I give it. If thou therefore
wilt worship me, all shall be thine” (Lk 4: 5-7).
It has sometimes been held that the claim of possession
of the kingdoms of the world was a lie, this
being asserted on the ground that Satan is exposed
in the Scriptures as a liar. Such a conclusion is impossible
for at least two reasons. The offer would
have had no value had he not possessed the kingdoms
he offered ; and any such false claim would
have been immediately branded as a lie by the Son
54 Satan
of God. In two additional passages, Satan is still
further revealed as the recognized head of this
world-system : “Because greater is he that is in
you than he that is in the world [Satanic system] ”
(1 John 4:4). “And we know that we are of
God, and the whole world [Xatalzic system] lieth
in the wicked one” (1 John 5 : 19).
Returning to Isaiah 14: 12-19, wherein Satan is
described as “Lucifer, the son of the morning,”
and where the prophet in vision sees the whole
career of Satan in retrospect, it will be seen that
Satan holds a mighty grip upon the world. Here
it is said of him that he was the one who “didst
weaken the nations” and who “made the earth to
tremble, that did shake kingdoms, that made the
world as a wilderness, and destroyed the cities
thereof; that opened not the house of his prisoners.
” Every phrase in this remarkable passage is
a revelation. Probably there is reference here both
to the fall of man and to the authority of Satan
in the earth, as well as to his attitude of resistance
toward salvation which is by the grace of God, since
it is said of Satan that he “made the world as a
wilderness ; he opened not the house of his prisoners.
’ ’
Second, the Satanic system, according to the
Scriptures, is wholly evil. This is a hard saying,
and is usually denied by those who do :not realize
that all Scripture estimates are made from the
standard of the holiness of God, and that the
Satanic system, of itself and apart from the influence
of God and His people, has never improved
This Age and the Satanic System 55
their own moral condition, but that they are individually
under condemnation before God (John
3: 18) ; their borrowed interest in morality and
charity being a poor commendation, in view of their
fallen and Christ-rejecting attitude before God.
They are also incapable of comprehending the
standards of God, whose thoughts and ways are
above their thoughts and ways as the heavens are
higher than the earth (Isa. 55 : 8, 9). The quality
and incapacity of the fallen race is accurately described
in Rom. 3: lo-18 ; this description of them
being as they appear before the holiness of God,
stripped of all externals : “AS it is written, There
is none righteous, no, not one : there is none that uuderstandeth,
there is none that seeketh after God.
They are all gone out of the way, they are together
become unprofitable ; there is none that
doeth good, no, not one. Their throat is an open
sepulchre ; with their tongues they have used deceit
; the poison of asps is under their lips: whose
mouth is full of cursing and bitterness: their feet
are swift to shed blood : destruction and misery are
in their ways: and the way of peace have they not
known: there is no fear of God before their eyes.”
SO, fallen humanity federated under Satan will
appear and act when the restraining hand of God
is removed. Though the unsaved are moral, educated,
refined, or religious, they are not righteo~~s
in God’s sight; for the charge here brought against
them is that “there is none righteous, no, not one;”
and all “have sinned and come short of the glory
of God.” The following Scriptures which directly
56 Satan
refer to the character of the Satanic system are,
therefore, the estimate of God upon those conditions
which the world holds to be ideal. “Whereby are
given unto us exceeding great and precious promises:
that by these ye might be partakers of the
divine nature, having escaped the corruption that
is in the world [Satanic system.] ” (2 Pet. 1: 4).
“For if after they have escaped the pollutions of
the world [S&tic system] through the knowledge
of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are
again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter
end is worse with them than the beginning” (2 Pet.
2: 20). “Pure religion and undefiled before God
and the Father is this, To visit the fatherless and
widows in their affliction, and to keep himself unspotted
from the world [S&z& system] ” (Jas.
1: 27). “Ye adulterers and adulteresses, know ye
not that the friendship of the world [Satanic system]
is enmity with God’? Whosoever therefore
will be a friend of the world [Satanic system] is the
enemy of God” (Jas. 4: 4). “For whatsoever is
born of God overcometh the world [Satanic system]
” (1 John 5 : 4). “Hereafter I will not talk
much with you: for the prince of this world
[Satanic system] cometh, and hath nothing in me”
(John 14 : 30). “And every spirit that confesseth
not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of
God: and this is that spirit of antichrist, whereof
ye have heard that it should come ; and even now
already is it in the world [fhtunic system] ” (1
John 4: 3). In like manner the believer is said
to have been “delivered from the present evil age”
This Age and the Satanic System 57
(Gal. 1: 4), and “delivered from the power of
darkness ’ ’ (Col. 1: 13)) and is not to be conformed
to this age (Rom. 12 : 2).
These judgments are made from the view-point
of the purity and holiness of God. In His sight
the highest moral, educational, and religious ideals
that the unregenerate world can comprehend are
but a part of the confusion and darkness of this
age when coupled with a rejection of IIis testimony
in regard to His Son as their atoning Saviour.
Thus, it is presented from the Scriptures that
the present age and its great federation is, in God’s
sight, most unholy.
Third, Satan is also set forth as having direct
control of the physical well-being of his subjects,
and at the same time as being able, by special
permission, to gain access to the people of God:
“Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of
flesh and blood, he [Christ] also himself likewise
took part of the same; that through death he might
destroy him that had the power of death, that is,
the devil” (Heb. 2: 14). “How God anointed
Jesus of Nazareth with the IIoly Ghost and with
power: who went about doing good, and healing
all them that were oppressed of the devil; for God
was with him” (Acts 10: 38). “And ought not
this woman, being a daughter of Abraham, whom
Satan hath bound, lo, these eighteen years, be
loosed from this bond on the sabbath day 1” (Lk.
13: 16). “Then Satan answered the LORD, and
said, Doth Job fear God for naught? Hast not
thou made an hedge about him, and about his
58 Satan
house, and about all that he hath on every side?
Thou hast blessed the work of his hands, and his
substance is increased in the land. But put forth
thine hand now, and touch all that he hath, and
he will curse thee to thy face. And the LORD
said unto Satan, Behold, all that he hath is in
thy power; only upon himself put not forth thine
hand” (Job. 1: 9-12). “Simon, Simon, behold,
Satan asked to have you, that he might sift you
as wheat: but I have made supplication for thee,
that thy faith fail not; and do thou, when once
thou hast turned again, establish thy brethren”
(Lk. 22: 31, 32 R. Y.). “And lest I should be
exalted above measure through the abundance of
the revelations, there was given to me a thorn in the
flesh, the messenger of Satan to buffet me, lest I
should be exalted above measure” (2 Cor. 12 : 7).
By these passages, the emphasis of tlie Scriptures
on the power and authority of Satan in this age
may be seen. And though the exact limits of his
power under the restraining hand of God are not
revealed, it would be unreasonable to deny that he
is the god of this age, the head of the great world
system ; and, though all unknown to them, the
director of the affairs of unregenerate men.
Fourth, The works of the Satanic: order are
clearly outlined in several descriptive passages
which also present that which is highm?st in ideal,
and deepest in motive in the Satan energized mass
of humanity. One passage, alone, contains the
entire revelation : “For all that is in the world
[Satanic system], the lust of the flesh, and the
This Age and the Satanic System 59
lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the
Father, but is of the world [Satanic system] ”
(I John 2 : 16). The satisfaction of these same
cravings was the temptation placed before Eve in
the Garden : “And when the woman saw that
the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant
to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make
one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did
eat and gave also unto her husband with her; and
he did eat” (Gen. 3 : 6). The real nature of these
cravings is easily recognized as being wholly selfcentered
and without thought of God.
All “wars and fightings” among men are only
a natural result of the evil qualities of this great
federation. Jesus said to Pilate: “My kingdom
is not of this world [Satanic system] : if my kingdom
were of this world [Satanic system], then
would my servants fight, that I should not be delivered
unto the Jews: but now is my kingdom not
from hence” (John 18: 36). It is a noticeable fact
that the governments of the world depend upon
physical power and a display of armament to
maintain their position and authority, and the superior
law of love is not adapted to, or understood
by, the elements that make up the Satanic order.
Fifth, All earthly property is of the Satanic order,
which property the believer may use, but must
not abuse: “But whoso hath t,his world’s good
[Satanic system], and seeth his brother have need,
aud shutteth up his bowels of compassion from him,
how dwelleth the love of God in him 1” (I John
3: 17). “And the cares of this world [age], and
60 Satan
the deceitfulness of riches, and the lust of other
things entering in, choke the word, and it becometh
u n f r u i t f u l ” ( M a r k 4 : 1 9 ) . “ B u t t h i s I s a y ,
brethren, the time is short: it remainth, that both
they that have wives be as though they had none;
and they that weep, as though they wept not; and
they that rejoice, as though they rejoiced not;
and those that buy, as though they possessed not;
and they that use this world [Satanic system], as
not abusing it” (1 Cor. 7: 29–31).
Sixth, The same world that. crucified the Christ
will also hate the saved one in whom He dwells:
“Marvel not, my brethren, if the world [satanic
system] hate you” (1 John 3 : 13).
Seventh, The impotency and limitations of the
world-order are most evident. Its leader, though
mighty, is inferior to Christ: “Ye are of God, little
children, and have overcome them: because
greater is he that is in you, than he that is in the
world [Xatadc system] ” (1 John 4: 4). Its
knowledge and understanding are limited: “Behold
what manner of love the Father hath bestowed
upon us, that we should be called children of God ;
and such we are. For this cause the world
[Xatanic system] knoweth us not, because it knew
him not” (1 John 3 : 1, R. V.). “Now the natural
man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God:
for they are foolishness unto him; and lie cannot
know them, because they are spiritually judged.
But he that is spiritual judgeth all things, and he
himself is judged of no man” (1 Cor. 2: 14, 15,
R. V.).
This Age and the Satanic System 61
“There is none that understandeth, there is none
that seeketh after God” (Rom. 3 : 11). “And even
if our gospel is veiled, it is veiled in them that
perish: in whom the god of this age hath blinded
the minds of the unbelieving, that the light of the
gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of
God, should not dawn upon them” (2 Cor. 4 : 3,
4, R. V.). “They are of this world [Satanic system]
: therefore speak they as of the world, and
the world [Satanic system] heareth them” (1 John
4: 5, R. V.). All the sorrow of this order is without
hope: “For godly sorrow worketh repentance
unto salvation, a repentance which bringeth no regret:
But the sorrow of the world [Satanic system]
worketh death” (2 Cor. ‘7 : 10, R. V.). And,
finally, the whole order is temporal and passing:
“But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in
the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away
with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with
fervent heat, and the earth also and the works that
are therein shall be burned up” (2 Pet. 3: 10).
“And the world [Satanic system] passeth away
and the lust thereof: but he that doeth the will of
God abideth forever” (1 John 2: 17).
.IN one of His controversies with the Pharisees
(Matt. 12: 22-30) Christ inferred that Satan is
a king, and as such is in authority over a kingdom
(see also Rev. 2 : 13, R. V.). This particular discussion
was in regard to the fact that Christ had
healed one “possessed with a demon, blind and
dumb. ” The Pharisees claimed that the demon
had been cast out by Beelzebub the prince of demons,
or by the one whom J-esus, later in the narrative,
calls Satan. The p’assage is as follows:
“Then was brought unto him one possessed with a
devil, blind, and dumb ; an6 he healed him, insomuch
that the blind and dumb both spake and saw.
And all the people were amazed, and &aid, Is not
this the son of David? But when the Pharisees
heard it, they said, This fellow doth not cast out
devils, but by Beelzebub the prince of the devils.
And Jesus knew their thoughts, and said unto t,hem,
Every kingdom divided against itself is brought
to desolation ; and every city or house divided
against itself shall not stand: and if Satan cast out
Satan, he is divided against himself; how shall then
his kingdom stand ? And if I by Beelzebub cast
out devils, by whom do your children cast them
The Satanic Host 63
out? therefore they shall be your judges. But if I
cast out devils by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom
of God has come unto you. Or else how can
one enter into a strong man’s house, and spoil his
goods, except he first bind the strong man’? and
then he will spoil his house. He that is not with
me is against me; and he that gathereth not with
me scattereth abroad.”
By this Scripture it may be seen that a portion
of the kingdom of Satan is a host of bodiless spirits.
Although their origin cannot be definitely traced,
it is probable that they were created as subjects of
Satan in the primal glory, as he, also, was created
as their prince and king. Satan, being in authority
over these beings, doubtless drew them after
him in his sinful attempt to thrust himself into
the place of God.
Long before man was created, sin began with
“Lucifer, the son of the morning,” and extended to
a multitude of angels concerning whom it is said
that they “kept not their first estate”; and, “God
spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them
down to hell, and delivered them into chains of
darkness, to be reserved unto judgment” (John
8: 44; 2 Pet. 2: 4; Jude 6). Another company of
fallen angels became demons and are still free to
serve in the projects of Satan.
It would seem that Satan is in authority over
two distinct orders of beings-the Satanic order of
the earth, and the Satanic host of the air. It is
clear that he secured the scepter of government in
the earth from Adam, by right of conquest: while
64 Satan
his authority over the Satanic host is undoubtedly
that which he has been permitted to retain from his
creation. If Satan has thus kept his authority
over these spirits from the beginning, it follows
that they are in full sympathy with him and render
him willing service. The following Scriptures emphasize
the authority of Satan over these beings:
“And if Satan cast out Satan, how then shall his
kingdom stand?” (Matt. 12: 26). “Then shall he
say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from
me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for
the devil and his angels” (Matt. 25 : 41).
The reality and personality of this host of evil
spirits is taught in the Bible, and a careful study
of the numerous passages in which they are mentioned
will reveal how God has provided complete
instruction in His Word concerning the facts and
forces which constantly confront the believer.
These spirits are usually referred to in both the
Authorized and Revised. Versions of the New Testament
as “devils,” but .the word might better have
been translated “demons.”
In considering the service these beings render to
Satan, it is important ta distinguish between demon
possession or control, ar.d demon influence. In the
one case the body is entered and a dominating control
is gained: while in the other case a warfacP
from without is carried on by sug,gestion, temptation,
and influence.
Investigation of the Scriptures in regard to +-
mon possession reveals :
First: That this ho;& is made up of bodiless
The Satanic Host 65
spirits only. The following Scriptures verify this
statement: “When the unclean spirit is gone out
of a man:, he walketh through dry places, seeking
rest, and findeth none. Then he saith, I will return
into my house from whence I came out; and
when he is come, he findeth it empty, swept, and
garnished.. Then goeth he, and taketh with himself
seven other spirits more wicked than himself,
and they enter in and dwell there: and the last
state of that man is worse than the first” (Matt.
12 : 43-45 :I . “And all the devils besought him,
saying, Send us into the swine, that we may enter
into them”’ (Mark 5 : 12).
Second : They are, however, not only seeking to
enter the bodies of either mortals or beasts, for
their power seems to be in some measure dependent
upon such. embodiment; but they are constantly
seen to be thus embodied, according to the New
Testament. A few of these passages are given
here : “When the even was come, they brought
unto him many that were possessed with devils : and
he cast out the spirits with his word, and healed all
that were sick” (Matt. 8: 16). “As they went
out, behold., they brought to him a dumb man possessed
with a devil. And when the devil was cast
out, the dumb spake” (Matt. 9: 32, 33). “And
the people with one accord gave heed unto those
things which Philip spake, hearing and seeing the
miracles which he did. For unclean spirits, crying
with loud voice, came out of many that were
possessed with them: and many taken with palsies,
and that were lame, were healed” (Acts 8: 6, 7).
“And it came to pass, as we went to prayer, a certain
damsel possessed with a spirit of divination
met us, which brought her masters much gain by
soothsaying” (Acts 16 : 16). “And they came
over unto the other side of the sea, into the country
of the Gadarenes. And when he was come out of
the ship, immediately there met him out of the
tombs, a man with an unclean spirit, who had his
dwelling among the tombs; and no man could bind
him, no, not with chains: because that he had been
often bound with fetters and chains, and the chains
had been plucked asunder by him, and the fetters
broken in pieces: neither could any man tame him.
And always, night and day, he was in the mountains,
and in the tombs, crying, and cutting himself
with stones. But when he saw Jesus afar off,
he ran and worshipped him, and cried with a loud
voice, and said, What have I to do with thee, Jesus,
thou Son of the most high God? I adjure thee by
God, that thou torment me not. For he said unto
him, Come out of the man, thou unclean spirit.
And he asked him, What is thy name? And he
answered, saying, My name is Legion: for we
are many. And he besought him much that he
would not send them away out of the country.
Now there was nigh unto the mountains a great
herd of swine feeding. And all the devils besought
him, saying, send us into the swine, that we may
enter into them. And forthwith Jesus gave them
leave. And the unclean spirits went out., and entered
into the swine: and the herd ran violently
down a steep place into the sea, (they were about
The Satanic Host ‘67,
two thousand 😉 and were choked in the sea” (Mark
Third : They are wicked, unclean, and vicious.
Many passages might be quoted in proof of this
statement. “And when he was come to the other
side int.o the country of the Gergesenes, there met
him two possessed with devils, coming out of the
tombs, exceeding fierce, so that no man might pass
by that way” (Matt. 8: 28). “And when he had
called unto him his twelve disciples, he gave them
power against unclean spirits, to cast them out, and
to heal all manner of sickness and all manner of
disease” (Matt. 10 : 1). “There met him out of
the tombs a man with an unclean spirit, who had
his dwelling among the tombs ; and no man could
bind him, no, not with chains: because that he had
been often bound with fetters and chains, and the
chains had been plucked asunder by him, and the
fetters broken in pieces : neither could any man
tame him. And always, night and day, he was in
the mountains, and in the tombs, crying, and cutting
himself with stones” (Mark 5: 2-5). “And
they brought him unto him: and when he saw him,
straightway the spirit tare him ; and he fell on the
ground, and wallowed foaming” (Mark 9 : 20).
Jt might be added that there seem to be degrees
of wickedness represented by these spirits: for it is
stated in Matt. 12: 43-45 that the demon, returning
to his house, “taketh with himself seven other
spirits more wicked than himself.”
The question is often raised whether demon possession
obtains at the present time. Although the
68 Satan
authentic records of such control are almost wholly
limited to the three years of the public ministry of
Jesus, it is incredible that demon possession did
not exist before that time, or has not existed since.
In this connection it should be remembered that
these beings are not only intelligent themselves,
hut that they are directly governed and ordered by
Satan, whose wisdom and cunning are so clearly set
forth in the Scriptures. It is reasonable to conclude
that they, like their monarch, are adapting
the manner of their activity to the enlightenment
of the age and locality. It is evident that they
are not now less inclined than before to enter and
dominate a body. Demon possession in the present
time is probably often unsuspected because of the
generally unrecognized fact that demons are capable
of inspiring a moral and exemplary life, as well
as of appearing as the dominating spirit of a spiritist
medium, or through the grosser manifestations
that are recorded by missionaries concerning
conditions which they observe in hcathcn lands.
These demons, too, like their king, will appear as
“angels of light” as well as “roaring lions, ” when
by the former impersonation they can more perfectly
further the stupendous undertakings of Satan
in his warfare against the work of God.
Demon influence, like the activity of Satan, is
prompted by two motives: both to binder the purpose
of God for humanity, and to extend the authority
of Satan. They, therefore, at the command
of their king, willingly cooperate in all his Goddishonoring
undertakings. Their influence is exThe
Satanic Host 69
ercised both to mislead the unsaved and to wage an
unceasing warfare against the believer (Eph.
6: 12).
Their motive is suggested in what is revealed by
their knowledge of the authority and deity of
Christ, as well as by what they know of their eternal
doom. The following passages are important
in this connection: “And behold, they cried out,
saying, What have we to do with thee, Jesus, thou
Son of God? art thou come hither to torment us
before the time?” (Matt. 8: 29). “And there was
in their synagogue a man with an unclean spirit;
and he cried out, saying, Let us alone; what have
we to do with thee, thou Jesus of Nazareth? Art
thou come to destroy us? I know thee who thou
art, the Holy One of God. And Jesus rebuked him,
saying, Hold thy peace, and come out of him”
(Mark 1: 23-25). “And the evil spirit answered
and said, Jesus I know, and Paul I know; but who
are ye?” (Acts 19: 15). “Thou believest that
there is one God ; thou doest well : the devils also
believe, and tremble” (Jas. 2: 19).
Of the methods of demons in the latter days of
the age, the Scriptures bear special testimony.
They will cover their lies with the empty form of
religion, and by every means make them to appear
as the truth, that they may rob both the saved and
the unsaved of their hope in Christ: “Now the
Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter times
some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to
seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils; speaking
lies in hypocrisy ; having their conscience seared
70 Satan
with a hot iron” (1 Tim. 4 : 1, 2). A departure
from the true faith is thus predicted to be the evidence
of the influence of demons in the last days.
This is not a reference to an individual Christian
turning from his own personal faith. It is none
other than the great apostasy that must precede
the “Day of the Lord” according to 2 Thes. 2 : 2, 3.
The believer’s victory in this unceasing warfare
is treated at length in another chapter. It may
be noted here, however, that the Lord said to His
followers, “Howbeit this kind goeth not out but by
prayer and fasting” (Matt. 17: 21) ; but since the
beginning of this dispensation, which is characterized
by the presence of the Spirit in every believer,
the victory is through the power of the indwelling
Spirit : “Because greater is he that is in you, than
he that is in the world” (1 John 4: 4). Such is
the whole armor of God: “Wherefore take unto
you the whole armour of God, that ye may be able
to withstand in the evil day, and having done all,
to stand” (Eph. 6: 13).
Satan, though proposing to supersede the Almighty,
is not Omnipotent; but his power and the
extent of his activity are immeasurably increased
by the co-operation of his host of demons. Satan
is not Omniscient; yet his knowledge is greatly extended
by the combined wisdom and observation
of his sympathetic subjects. Satan is not Omnipresent;
but he is able to keep up an unceasing
activity in every locality by the loyal obedience of
the Satanic host, who are so numerous as to be
called ‘ ‘Legion. ”
ACCORDING to the Scriptures, the supreme
motive of Satan is his purpose to become like
the Most High and, though that purpose was
formed even before the age of man, it has been his
constant actuating motive from that time until now.
It is also the teaching of the Scriptures that Satan
is in especial authority in the present age ; he being
permitted the exercise of his own power in order
that he, and all his followers, may make their own
final demonstration to the whole universe of the
utter folly of their claims and of their abject helplessness
when wholly independent of their Creator.
This is definitely predicted in 2 Tim. 3: 9 as the
final outcome of the attitude of the world in its
independence toward God: “They shall proceed
no further: for their folly shall be manifest unto
all men. ”
It has also been stated that the unsurpassed
tribulation only awaits the withdrawal of the restraining
hand of God, for all the required elements
for such a condition are latent in the unregenerate
heart (Rom. 3 : 9-18). In this period of tribulation
the greatest power of Satan will be exercised,
and the wickedness of man will be revealed in hie
attempt ,to live in complete separation from God.
72 Satan
Even fallen humanity would not, at first, acknowledge
Satan as its object of worship and federal
head; and such a condition of society wherein
Satan will be received as supreme, as he will be in
the person of the first Beast of Rev. 13, must, therefore,
be developed by increasing irreverence and
lawlessness toward God. Thus it has been necessary
for to conceal his person and projects
from the very people over whom he is in authority
and in whom he is the energizing power. For this
reason this class of humanity believes least in his
reality, and ignorantly rejects its real leader as
being a mythical person. When he is worshipped,
it is through some idol as a medium, or through his
own impersonation of Jehovah ; and when he rules,
it is by what seems to be the voice of a king, or the
voice of the people. However, the appalling irreverence
of the world to-day is the sure preparation
for the forthcoming direct manifestation of
Satan, as predicted in Dan 9; 2 Thes. 2; and Rev.
Satan’s policy of deception is described as extending
to all the nations, and to the whole world:
“Even him, whose coming is after the working of
Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders,
and with all deceivableness of unrig:lteousness in
them that perish ; because they received not the love
of the truth, that they might be saved” (2 Thes. 2 :
9, 10). “And the great dragon was cast out, that
old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth
the whole world” (Rev. 12 : 9). “And he
laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is
Satan’s Motive 7 3
the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand
years, and. cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut
him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should
deceive the nations no more till the thousand years
should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed
a little season” (Rev. 20: 2, 3). “And when the
thousand years are expired, Satan shall be loosed
out of his prison, and shall go out to deceive the
nations which are in the four quarters of the earth”
(Rev. 20: 7, 8). He who was the measure of perfection,
full of beauty and wisdom, he who made
the earth to tremble, who shook kingdoms, has been
willing to be ridiculed by the world as a being
without reality, that he might in the end realize his
own deepest desire.
Again, his own subjects have strangely neglected
the plain teachings of Scripture concerning his real
power and authority. To them he has been an
imaginary fiend, delighting only in the torment of
unfortunal:e souls, making his home in hell, and
himself the impersonation of all that is cruel and
vile: when, on the contrary, he is real, and is the
very embodiment of the highest ideals that the unregenerate
world has received, for he is the inspirer
of all those ideals. With his own he is not at
enmity, and he, like the most refined of the world,
is not in sympathy with the grosser forms of their
sin. He would hinder those manifestations of evil
if he could. And certainly he does not prompt
them, for they are the natural fruit of an unrestrained
fallen nature, according to James 1: 14, 15 :
“But ever,y man is tempted, when he is drawn
74 Satan
away of his own lust, and enticed. Then when lust
hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when
it is finished, bringeth forth death.” “For from
within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil
thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders, thefts,
covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasciviousness, an
evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness: all these
evil things come from within, and defile the man”
(Mk. 7: 21-23). The dying drunkard, the fallen
woman, and the suffering of the innocent are more
likely the evidences of Satan’s failure rather than
the realization of his purpose.
His own terrible sin before God would not be
condemned in the eyes of the world, for it is that
which they most idealize and praise. In his sin he
aspired to that which is highest, and proposed to
realize his ideal by his own self-sufficiency and
strength. True, he has lowered his Creator, in his
own mind, to a level where he supposes himself to
be in legitimate competition with Him, both for
authority over other beings and for their worship.
Yet this unholy ambition and disregard for the
Creator is a most commendable thing according to
the standards of the Satanic order. In the language
of the world, Satan is simply “self made”
and every element of his attitude toward his Creator
is, as a principle of life, both commended and
practiced by the world.
Though hiding himself, Satan has had the satisfaction,
under limitations, of governing the afIairs
of men; and the delight, to a large extent, of receiving
their worship. The greatest care was taken
Satan’s Motive
in the law governing God’s ancient people that they
should not offer their sacrifices unto devils, which
was the practice of surrounding nations (Lev. 17 :
7; Deut. 32 : 17). In violation of these special
laws, :Rehoboam instituted special priests for the
devils (2 Chron. 11: 15), while the worship of
devils, according to the New Testament, is to continue
throughout the age: “But this I say, that
the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice
to devils, and not to God: and I would not that
ye should have fellowship with devils. Ye cannot
drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils:
ye cannot be partakers of the Lord’s table and the
table of devils” (1 Cor. 10: 20, 21). “And the
rest of the men that were not killed by these plagues
yet repented not of the works of their hands, that
they should not worship devils, and idols of gold,
and silver, and brass, and stone, and of wood:
which neither can see, nor hear, nor walk” (Rev.
Again Satan’s ambition is leading him to make
this age of his special opportunity as nearly perfect
as his wisdom and power will permit. And
in this connection it may be noted that Satan’s ambition
was not to become a fiend, but rather to bccome
Zilce the Most High. He will, therefore, strive
for all t:hat is moral and good: yet at the same time
do all in his power to draw men from their natural
reverence of God, in order that, in due time, the,y
may acknowledge himself without fear. The
Satanic ideal of this age is, then, an improved social
order, a moral and cultured people who are devout
76 Satan
worshippers of himself, though for the present they
may imagine that they are worshipping Jehovah
through their empty religious forms and ceremonies,
while they are really in a state of Goddishonoring
unbelief, and all their thoughts are
energized by Satan alone. The Satanic message
for this age will be reformation and self-development,
while the message of God is regeneration by
the power of the Spirit.
Satan, in his imitation of the Most High, is also
working toward a unive.rsal kingdom of morality
and peace upon earth, which will be temporarily
realized under the reign of the Beast (Rev. 13).
The difference between Satan’s ideal and the purpose
of God, apart from the utter folly of the one
and the glorious certainty of the other, is the difference
of both method and time. According to the
Satanic program, the present order of society, with
Satan on the throne, is to be developed into an ideal
brotherhood, in which all men will practice that
which is moral and good. According to the Word
of God, this is an evil age of darkness and pollution,
in which the folly of Satan and man is to be
proven, and out of which God is to gather the heavenly
people for His own name. The kingdom of
righteousness is then to follow, being ushered in by
Christ-enthroning and Satan-dethroning events.
There will then be a perfect humanity and social
order for all shall know the Lord from the least
unto the greatest and righteousness and peace shall
cover the earth as the waters cover the face of the
Satan’s Motive 77
The master passion of Satan leads him, not only
to strive for the success of his own projects, but also
to wage an unceasing warfare against Jehovah.
These two lines of activity are inseparable ; for he
cannot establish and develop his own kingdom, and
at the same time permit his subjects to be translat,ed
out of his kingdom into another, especially when
they remain in the midst as a living power and testimony
against him. Nor can he reasonably allow
the accomplishment of any of the projects of God,
for it is predicted that at the completion of these
his own doom will be at hand. The present time is,
therefore, to Satan the time of struggle for his own
existence, as well as for the realization of all that
has been his ambition in the ages past. The warfare
is no mere passing amusement for him, for he,
in desperation, is facing a terrible judgment if he
cannot succeed in his purpose.
The spectacle now presented to the universe is
that of a mighty celestial being, the god of the
earth, who is by creation the full measure of perfection
both in wisdom and beauty, making his last
and most desperate warfare, not only to realize his
own ambition but also to thwart every movement
of the Most High ; knowing that in failure there is
no ground for mercy, but only the final destruction
that has been so long predict,ed. He knew when
he formed this God-dishonoring purpose that it
must either wholly succeed or he himself fall into
eternal judgment. On the other side of the COT.-
flict there is perfect calmness and Certainty as to
the end, for the judgment and sentence are past;
78 Satan
yet every true believer is implored to be instant in
season and out of season in the present projects
of grace, that the sufferings and separations of
earth may be cut short in righteousness.
Well may believers study their own motives in
service in view of these vastly differing programs ;
and question whether there is in them a humble
willingness to co-operate in the present purpose
of God in preparing the Bride for the returning
King. Or whether, on the other hand, they have
carelessly fallen in with the Satanic ideal which rejects
the coming kingdom of Christ by an unholy
attempt to establish the present kingdom of Satan.
The program of Satan, which the world calls
“optimistic,” rests on the Satanic purpose of a reformed
society: in contrast, the program of God,
which is called “pessimistic,” in that it discredits
this age, rests upon the infinite wisdom, love and
power of God, and is so certain and near that the
believer is taught to watch, wait, and be ready for
the first divine movement toward this glorious end.
The motive of Satan is four times revealed, and
these disclosures stand out like mile-stones in his
First, his master passion is given in the record
of his first sin. His secret purpose, it is stated,
was to be “like the Most High” (Isa. 14: 14).
Second, when he met the first Adam in the Garden
and there recommended his own unholy ideal
in the words, “Ye shall be as gods” (G.en. 3 : 5).
Third, when he met the Last Adam in the wilderness
he again manifests his desire to take the
Satan’s Motive 79
place of God. Well he knew that Christ is very
God; yet he said to Him, “If thou wilt worship
m e ” ( L k . 4:‘i’).
Fourth, his motive is finally revealed in the assumption
of the Man of Sin of whom it is predicted
that he “as God sitteth in the temple of
God, setting himself forth as God” (2 Thes. 2: 4,
R. V.).
THE two great activities of Satan, already mentioned,
are referred to in 2 Thes. 2 : 4, in connection
with the Man of Sin who will be Satan’s
last and greatest manifestation. This being is
spoken of as he “who opposeth and exalteth himself
above all that is called God, or that is worshipped.
” These two activities are inseparable in
that, while Satan is seeking to exalt himself above
all that is called God or that is worshipped, he can
keep his subjects or prolong his own existence only
by an unceasing warfare in which he opposes himself
against God. Whether Satan now believes that
he may yet succeed in spite of the decree of the
cross and the evident superior power of God, is not
It is still further disclosed that the enmity of
Satan is not only toward the person of God from
whom he has everything to fear, but also toward
every true child of God. Too much emphasis cannot
be placed on this fact. Satan has no controversy
or warfare with his own unregenerate people,
but there is abundant Scripture to prove that
he makes unceasing effort to mar the life and service
of believers. The motive for this effort is all-
Satan’s Methods 81
sufficient: they have “partaken of the divine nature”
(2 Pet. 1: 4), and afford, therefore, a possible
opportunity for Satan to thrust his fiery darts
at the divine Person. Thus the believer becomes a
medium of connection between the divine Person
and the Satanic order, for God literally loves the
unsaved through the believer (Rom. 5 : 5) : and on
the other hand, the prince of the Satanic system,
as well as many of his subjects, is seeking an opportunity
for a thrust through the believer at the
person of God. Several important passages on the
latter point may here be noted : ‘“These things
have I spoken unto you, that in me ye might have
p e a c e . In the world ye shall have tribulation: but
be of good cheer; I have overcome the world”
(John 16 : 33). “Pea, and all that will live godly
in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution” (2 Tim.
3: 12). “Marvel not, my brethren, if the world
hate you” (1 John 3: 13). “Casting all your care
upon him ; for he careth for you. Be sober, be
vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a
roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may
devour: whom resist steadfast in the faith, knowing
that the same afflictions are accomplished in
your brethren that are in the world” (1 Pet. 5:
7-9). “Knally, my brethren, be strong in the
Lord, and in the power of his might. Put on the
whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand
against the wiles [literally, artifices] of the devjl.
For our wrestling is not against flesh and blood,
but against the principalities, against the powers,
against the world rulers of this darkness, against
82 Satan
the spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly
places” (Eph. 6 : 10-12, R. V.) .
The teaching of these passages clearly indicates
the Satanic enmity toward the believer, and the believer’s
utter helplessness apart from the divine
sufficiency. They also reveal a degree of enmity
which would result in the believer’s life being
crushed out, were it not for the evident answer to
the prayer of Jesus: “I pray not that thou
shouldest take them from the world, but that thou
shouldest keep them from the evil one” (John 17:
15, R. V.). Certainly there is abundant reason for
the believer to expect the fiercest opposition from
Satan and his host in all his life and service, and
faith alone insures his victory over the world.
The believer is also the object of the Satanic attack
because of the fact that unto the child of God
is committed the great ministry of reconciliation;
that by his testimony both in life and word, and by
his prayers, the facts of redemption may be given
to the world. If Satan can cripple the believer’s
service he accomplishes much in resisting the present
purpose of God. No other explanation is adequate
for the dark pages of church history, the appalling
failure of the church in world-wide evangelism,
or her present sectarian divisions and selfish
This blighting Satanic opposition may be detected
in every effort for the salvation of the lost. It may
be seen in the fact that no personal appeal is ever
made to the vast majority even in this favored
land ; moreover, when an appeal is made, it is easily
Satan’s Methods
distracted or diverted into the discussion of unimportant
themes. The faithful pastor or evangelist
is most sorely assailed, every device of Satan being
used to distort the one all-important message of
grace into something which is not vital. The evangelist’s
call for decisions is often cumbered with
that which is misleading or is a positive misstatement
of the terms of salvation; thus the appeal is
lost and the whole effort fails. The action of Satan
may also be detected in the fact that a humble messenger
who is loyal to Christ and His salvation by
grace alone, will be almost unheeded at the present
time: while the vast throng will be found supporting
that which is religious only in its externals, but
which is in reality a gospel of morality and is a
subtle denial of the redemption that is in Christ.
Again, the opposing power of Satan may be seen
in the matter of Christian giving. Millions are
given without solicitation for education, culture,
and humanity’s physical comfort, but real worldwide
evangelization must ever drag on with its
shameful limitations and debts. This warfare of
Satan is even more noticeable in the believer’s
prayer life. This, being his place of greatest usefulness
and power, is subject to the severest conflict.
In this connection it may be stated safely
that there is comparatively but little prevailing
prayer to-day, yet the way is open and the promises
are sure. If the believer cannot be beguiled
into indifference or a denial of Christ, he is often
tempted to place an undue emphasis upon some
minor truth, and, in partial blindness, to sacrifice
84 Satan
his whole influence for good through the apparent
unbalance of his testimony.
Satan’s warfare against the purpose of Cod is
still more evident in his direct hindering of the
unsaved. Not only are they const,ant,ly blinded to
the Gospel, but, when the Spirit would draw them,
their minds are often filled with strange fears and
distorted visions. Their inability to cast themselves
upon Christ is a mystery to themselves, and
nothing but the direct illuminating power of the
Spirit in conviction can open their eyes and deliver
them from their gross darkness.
Satan has always adapted his methods to the
times and conditions. If attention has been gained,
a complete denial of the truth has been made; or,
when some recognition of the truth is demanded, it
has been granted on the condition that that which
is vital in redemption should be omitted.
This partial recognition of the truth is required
by the world to-day. For, while the direct result
of the believer’s testimony to the Satanic system
has been toward the gathering out of the Bride,
there has been an indirect influence of this testimony
upon the world which has led them to see
that all that is good in their own ideals has been
already stated in the Bible and exemplified in the
life of Jesus. Moreover, they have heard that
every principle of humanitarian sympathy or righteous
government has been revealed in the Scriptures
of Truth. Thus there has grown a more or
less popular appreciation of the value of these
moral precepts of the Scriptures and of the examSatan’s
Methods 85
ple of Christ. This condition has prevailed to such
a degree that any new system or doctrine which secures
a hearing to-day must base its claim upon the
Eble, and include, to some extent, the Person and
teachings of Jesus. The fact that the world has
thus partly acknowledged the value of the Scriptures
is taken by many to be a glorious victory for
God; while, on the contrary, fallen humanity is
less inclined to accept God’s terms of salvation than
in the generations past.
It is evident that this partial concession of the
world to the testimony of God has opened the way
for counterfeit systems of truth, which, according
to prophecy, are the last and most to be dreaded
methods in the Satanic warfare. In this connection
it must be conceded that Satan has really granted
nothing from his own position, even though he be
forced to acknowledge every principle of truth save
that upon which salvation depends. Rather is he
advantaged by such a concession; for the value and
delusion of a counterfeit is increased by the nearness
of its likeness to the real. By advocating much
truth, in the form of a counterfeit system of truth,
Satan can satisfy all the external religious cravings
of the world, and yet accomplish his own end by
withholding that on which man’s only hope depends.
It is, therefore, no longer safe to subscribe
blindly to that which promises general good, simply
because it is good and is garnished with the
teachings of the Bible; for good has ceased to be sll
on one side and evil all on the other. In fact, that
which is evil in purpose has gradually appropriated
86 Satan
the good until but one issue distinguishes them.
Part-truth-ism has come into final conflict with
whole-truth-ism, and woe to the soul that does not
discern between them. The first, though externally
religious, is of Satan, and leaves its followers
in the doom of everlasting banishment from the
presence of God: while the latter is of God, “having
promise for the life that now is and that which
is to come.”
It is also noticeable that the term “infidel” has,
within a generation, disappeared from common
usage, and that manner of open denial of the truth
has been almost wholly abandoned. Yet the real
Church has by no means lost her foes, for they are
now even more numerous, subtle, and terrible than
ever before. These present enemies, however, like
the unclean birds in the mustard tree, have taken
shelter under her branches. They are otllciating at
her most sacred altars and conducting her institutions.
These vultures are fed by a multitude, both
in the church and out, who, in Satanic blindness,
are committed to the furtherance of any project or
the acceptance of any theory that promises good
to the world or is apparently based upon Scripture,
little realizing that they are often really supporting
the enemy of God.
A counterfeit is Satan’s most natural ,method of
resisting the purpose of God, since by it he can
realize to that extent his desire to be l&c’ the Most
High. Every material is now at hand, as never
before, for the setting up of those conditions which
are predicted to appear only in the very end of
Satan’s Methods 87
the age. In 2 Tim. 3: 1-5 one of these predictions
may be found: “This know also, that in the last
days perilous times shall come. For men shall be
lovers of their own selves, covetous, boasters, proud,
blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful,
unholy, without natural affection, truce-breakers,
false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those
that are good, traitors, heady, high-minded, lovers
of pleasures more than lovers of God ; having a form
of godliness, but denying the power thereof: from
such turn away. ”
Every word of this prophecy is worthy of most
careful study in the light of the present tendency
of society. The fifth verse is especially important
in connection with the subject of counterfeits of
the truth : “Having a form of godliness? but denying
the power thereof: from such turn away.”
Here it is stated that in these last days forms of
godliness shall appear which, however, deny the
power of God; and from such the believer is warned
to turn away. The important element in the true
faith which is to be omitted in these “forms” is
carefully defined elsewhere in the Scriptures:
“For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ : for
it is the power of God unto salvation to every one
that believeth ; to the Jew first, and also to t,he
Greek” (Rom. 1: 16). “l3ut we preach Christ
crucified, unto the Jews a stumblingblock, and unto
the Greeks foolishness; but. unto them which are
called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of
God, and the wisdom of God” (1 Cor. 1: 23, 24).
Therefore, that which is omitted so carefully from
these forms is the salvation which is in Christ.
This is most suggestive, for “there is none other
name under heaven given among men, whereby we
must be saved,” and it is by salvation alone that
any deliverance can be had from the power of darkness.
Without this salvation Satan can still claim
all his own. It is perhaps necessary to add that,
judging from all his writings, this saIvation of
which Paul confesses he was not ashamed was no
less an undertaking than regeneration by the Spirit ;
and whatever other theories may be advanced, this
is the teaching of the Spirit through the Apostle
This prophecy concerning conditions in the “last
days” ends with an injunction which is addressed
only to the believers who are called upon to live
and witness during those days. To them it is said:
“from such [forms of godliness which deny the
power thereof] turn away.” As certainly as the
“last days” are now present, so certainly this injunction
is now to be heeded, and the Lord’s people
are called upon to separate from churches and institutions
which deny the Gospel of God’s saving
grace through the substitutionary blood redemption
of the cross. To support institutions or ministries
which “deny the power thereof,” is to lend aid to
Satan-the enemy of God.
It therefore follows that one feature of the last
days will be a form of godliness which carefully denies
the power of God in salvation.
Again, Satan is “in the latter times” to be the
promoter of a system of truth or doctrine: “Now
Satan’s Methods 89
the Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter
times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed
to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils ; speaking
lies in hypocrisy ; having their conscience seared
with a hot iron” (1 Tim. 4 : 1, 2). These predicted
Satanic systems are here carefully described.
Their offers will be so attractive and externally so
religious that into them will be drawn some “who
shall depart from the faith”; they being enticed
by seducing spirits. These attractive systems are
not only from Satan, but are themselves “lies in
hypocrisy, ” being presented by those whose conscience
has been seared with a hot iron. No more
illumina.ting terms could be used than these. A
lie covered by hypocrisy means, evidently, that
they are still attempting to be counted among the
faithful; and the conscience seared would indicate
that they can distort the testimony of God and
blindly point other souls to the bottomless pit, without
present remorse or regret.
The doctrine of devils is again referred to in
Rev. 2: 24 as “the deep things of Satan,” and this
is Satan’s counterfeit of “the deep things of God”
which the Spirit reveals to them that love Him
(1 Cor. 2 : 10).
Thus there are predicted for the last days of this
age, both a form of godliness which denies the
power of salvation that is in Christ, and a system
known as “the deep things of Satan” or “doctrines
of devils, ” speaking lies in hypocrisy. Can there
be any doubt that these two Scriptures describe
the same thing, since they also refer to the same
90 Satan
time? The lies of one can be but the covered denial
of salvation in the other.
Again, Satan has his assembly or congregational
meeting which is his counterfeit of the visible
church. This assembly is referred to, both in Rev.
2: 9 and 3: 9, as the “synagogue of Satan”; an
organized assembly being relatively as important
for the testimony in the deep things of Satan as it
has been in the things of God.
In Matt. 13 the tares appear among the wheat
and their appearance is said to be after the sowing
of the wheat. So, also, the “children of the
wicked one ” appear and are often included and
even organized within the forms of the visible
The assembly of Satan, calling itself a part of
the visible church, is to have its ministers and
teachers. This is stated in 2 Cor. 11: 13-15:
“For such are false apostles, deceitful workers,
transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ.
And no marvel; for Satan himself is transformed
into an angel of light. Therefore it is no great
thing if his ministers also be transformed as the
ministers of righteousness; whose end shall be according
to their works.” Here is a remarkable
revelation of the possible extent of the Satanic
counterfeit : “False apostles, deceitful workers,
transforming themselves into’ apostles of Christ”
and “ministers of righteousness”; yet these are
shown to be only agents of the great deceiver,
Satan, who is himself transformed into an. angel of
light. It is evident that the method of this decepSatan’s
tion is, to imitate the real ministers of Christ.
Certainly these false apostles cannot so appear unless
they gather into their message every available
“form of godliness” and cover their lies with the
most subtle hypocrisy. Evil will not appear on
the outside of these systems ; but they will be announced
as “another gospel” or as a larger understanding
of the previously accepted truth, and will
be all the more attractive and delusive since they
are heralded by those who claim to be ministers of
Christ, who reflect the beauty of an “angel of
light, ” and whose lives are undoubtedly free from
great temptation. It should be noted, however,
that these false ministers do not necessarily know
the real mission they have. Being unregenerate
persons of the Satanic system, and thus blinded to
the real Gospel, they are sinecre; preaching and
teaching the best things the angel of light, their
energizing power, is pleased to reveal unto them.
Their gospel is one of human reason, and appeals
to human resources. There can be no appreciation
of divine revelation in them, for they have not
come really to know God or His Son, Jesus Christ.
They are ministers of righteousness which should
never be confused with the preaching of grace.
One is directed only at the reformation of the
natural man, while the other aims at regeneration
through l.he power of Cod. As all this is true, how
perilous is the attitude of many who follow attractive
mimsters and religious guides only because
they claim to be such and are sincere, and who are
not awake to the one final test of doctrine by which
92 Satan
alone the whole covered system of Satanic lies may
be distinguished from the truth of God. In this
connection John writes the following warning:
“If there come any unto you, and bring not this
doctrine, receive him not into your house, neither
bid him God speed” (2 John 10).
False teachers are usually sincere and full of
humanitarian zeal; but they are unregenerate.
This judgment necessarily follows when it is understood
that they deny the only ground of redemption.
Being unregenerate, it is said of them:
“But the natural man reeeiveth not the things of
the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto
him: neither can he know them, because they are
spiritually discerned” (1 Cor. 2: 14). Such religious
leaders may be high& educated and able to
speak with authority on every aspect of human
knowledge, but if they are not born again, their
judgment in spiritual matters is worthless and misleading.
All teachers are to be judged by their
attitude toward the doctrine of the blood redemption
of Christ, rather than by their winsome personalities,
or by their sincerity.
There yet remains one mighty element in the
program of Satan’s counterfeits in addition to his
outward forms, deep doctrines, church and ministers,-
that is, the Man of Sin, the blasphemous
counterfeit of the blessed Christ; who is yet to
appear; who will be the very incarnation of Satan ;
and “whose coming is after the working of Satan
with all power and signs and lying wonders and
all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that
Satan’s Methods 93
perish” (2 Thes. 2: 9, 10). As the whole purpose
of God in the ages has its consummation in the yet
future coming of Christ, so Satan, in imitation of
the program of God, has appointed a coming one
(2 Thes. 2 : 9), who will be his greatest manifestation,
and upon whom he will bestow his greatest
wisdom, power and attractiveness. The study of
this mighty and imposing character can only be
suggested in the following pages.
The titles of Satan would indicate that he is attempting,
also, in himself to counterfeit the Persons
of the blessed Trinity. He appears as “the
god of this world” in imitation of God the Father;
he appears as the “prince of the world” in imitation
of God the Son; and “the spirit that now
energizeth in the children of disobedience” is his
imitation of God the Spirit who dwells in and
energizes the true believers. Thus his desire to be
like the Most High has led him to a blasphemous
attempt to imitate all the separate manifestations
of the three Persons of the Godhead. But since
redemption, which he proposes to hinder, is the
work of the second Person-God the Son, Satan
more often appears as a counterfeit of Christ, both
in title and undertaking; and this is the character
in which he makes his last and most desperate effort
before he is banished to the pit and his final
judgment is begun.
REFERENCE has already been made to a period
of tribulation yet to come upon the
earth. That period is referred to in the Bible by
various figures : “The great tribulation,” “the
time of Jacob’s trouble,” and “a day of darkness
and gloominess, a day of clouds and thick darkness.
’ ’ It is also described as the culmination of
the great apostasy, which apostasy is predicted for
the end of this age, and which is emphasized in the
later Epistles of the New Testament. These Epistles
not only recognize a complete apostasy yet to
come in this age, but teach that the germ of that
apostasy was apparent even then at the time when
they were written. This teaching of the apostles
finds its natural culmination in the last book of the
Bible wherein the exact development of the apostasy
and the conditions to prevail in the tribulation
are recorded at length. All other refctrences, both
in the Old Testament and the New, perfectly agree
with this extended description.
In reference to the time of the tribulation which
is thus predicted, Paul states in 2 The;g. 2: 3 “Let
no man deeeive you by any means: for that day
[‘the day of the Lord’] shall not come, except
The Man of Sin 9.5
there come a falling away first, and that man of
sin be revealed, the son of perdition,” thus showing
that the tribulation precedes the Day of the
Lord. In. Rev. 19, that day is seen to be the termination
of the tribulation, which is previously described
in that book. This period of tribulation
is, therefore, to come before the kingdom age, and
to be ended by the glorious appearing of Christ,
the King.
Again, the tribulation is to come after the true
Church has been removed ; for it should be remembered
that the true believers are to be saved out
of the “hour of trial which shall come upon the
earth to try those that dwell therein” (Rev. 3 : lo),
and he is not “appointed unto wrath” (1 Thes.
5: 9). The believer, being a citizen of heaven is,
therefore, not included among those who dwell in
the earth. The Lord comes first, not to the earth,
but into the air to meet His Bride and gather her
to Himself ; both those that are sleeping and those
that are awa,ke: “For the Lord himself shall descend
from heaven with a shout, with the voice of
the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the
dead in Christ shall rise first: then we which are
alive and remain shall be caught up together with
them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air:
and so shall we ever be with the Lord” (1 Thes.
4:16, 17). His coming to receive His heavenly
people–the Church-is imminent and has been
since the promises of IIis return were given ; and it
is for this particular preliminary event that the
Church is taught to hope and pray, for it will be
96 Satan
the time of her rapture and blessedness. As has
been before stated, the utter dissolution of humanity
is latent in the unregenerated heart (Rom. 3:
lo-IS), and its own tribulation only awaits this
removal of all divine restraint. It is, therefore,
both Seriptural and reasonable t.o conclude that
tribulation will instantly begin upon the earth after
Christ comes for His Church.
Thus it may be seen that this period of unsurpassed
trial upon the earth, when the blasphemous
claims of Satan and man are to be proven and
God’s testimony is to be vindicated, is bounded by
the two events: when He comes for His saints
(1 Thes. 4: 16, 1.7), to gather to Himself His heavenly
people, and when He comes with His saints
(Rev. 19: ll-21), at which time He will completely
fulfil all the covenants of God with His earthly
The actual duration of this period is marked off
in Daniel 9: 24-27: “Seventy weeks are determined
upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to
finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins,
and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to
bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up
the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most
Holy. Know therefore and understand, that from
the going forth of the commandment to restore and
to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall
be aeven weeks, and three score and two weeks: the,
street shall be built again, and the wall, even in
troublous times. And after the three score and
two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himThe
Man of Sin
self: and the people of the prince that shall come
shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the
end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end
of the ‘war desolations are determined. And he
shall confirm the covenant with many for one
week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause
the sacr:ifIce and the oblation to cease, and for the
overspreading of abominations he shall make it
desolate, even until the consummation, and that
determined shall be poured upon the desolate. ”
There are three distinct periods of time here indicated.
First, seventy weeks (the Hebrew word
refers to a period which may be divided into seven,
whether days, weeks, or years) between the time
of the vision and the age of “everlasting righteousness”
and anointing of the most Holy; or, from
the time of the vision to the earthly kingdom of
Christ, which is yet future. Second, sixty-nine
weeks, beginning to reckon from the same time, or
from the command of the King of Babylon to restore
Jerusalem, and continuing unto the death of
Christ which is referred to as the “cutting off of
the Messi.ah. ” And lastly, one week, for the overspreading
of abomination and that which is determined
to be poured upon the desolate.
IIistory fortunately interprets the time here indicated:
for, from the command of the King to rebuild
Jerusalem, to the death of Christ was 483
years, or sixty-nine weeks of seven years each.
This leaves but the one additional week of the seventy
before the bringing in of the everlasting righteousness.
That one week is here described aa the
98 Satan
time of most terrible desolation and overspreading
of abomination when the people are under a covenant
with another prince. This present age is as
a parenthesis in Jewish history and, as no account
is made of it in these reckonings, the last unfulfilled
week (seven years) of the seventy, before
the kingdom is established upon the earth, must
be the time between the gathering out of the Church
-an event which completes the purpose of this
parenthetical age-and the final bringing in of the
The last period of seven years of desolation is
however, to be shortened, according to the words
of Christ: “For then shall be great tribulation,
such as was not since the beginning of the world to
this time, no, nor ever shall be. And except those
days should be shortened, there should no flesh be
saved: but for the elect’s sake those days shall be
shortened” (Matt. 24: 21, 22). It should be noticed
that this period cannot be confused easily
with any other, for it is referred to as the time
more terrible than any other that has ever been, or
ever will be (Dan. 12: 1; Joel 2: 2, Matt. 24: 21,
Reference has been made at length to the tribulation
period in order to make clear the exact conditions
in which the Man of Sin is to appear; for
this mighty world-ruler makes his advent in those
days of earth’s darkness and gloom when all the
light of Cod has been withdrawn, and the world is
left in its own helpless confusion. He appears in
the tribulation as the agent of Satan after that
The Man of Sin 99
mighty head of the Satanic system has been cast
out of heaven into the earth (Rev. 12 : 7-12). The
time of the destruction of the Man of Sin is also revealed
in that it is mentioned as one of the events
in the glorious coming of Christ (Pan. 2 : 44 ;
7 : 11-14 ; 2 Thes. 2 : 8 ; Rev. 19 : 20). He, therefore,
appears as the culmination of the Satanic
effort, and a careful study of his person and character
will reveal the fact that he is the most stupendous
work of Satan in his enmity against God.
In connection with the time of the Man of Sin,
it is also to be noted that the believer is not directly
warned against his person, but is, rather, warned
against the conditions that are to prevail as a
preparation for his coming. This is due to the fact
that the true believers are to be gathered to their
Lord before that “wicked one” appears, and they
are, therefore, only in danger of being influenced
by that which precedes and prepares for his coming.
His description is set forth at length only in
such passages as deal with the whole and final development
of the age.
It should also be remembered that the description
of this person, like that of the person and work
of Satan, is from the standpoint of the holiness of
God; and that which the world will hail as its
glorious ideal of perfection is, in God’s sight, the
personification of rebelliousness, blasphemy, and.
The order of the governments and rulers of the,
world in this Gentile age is revealed to Daniel in
visions which are recorded and interpreted in the
100 Satan
book of Daniel. In these visions the Man of Sin
appears as the “little horn” of Dan. 7 and is the
last and most God-dishonoring world-ruler. He
also later appears as the “desolator” of Dan. 9 : 27 ;
the ‘ ‘willful king” of Dan. 11: 36; the “abomination
of desolation” of Matt. 24: 15 ; the “man of
sin” of 2 Thes. 2: 4-8; the rider on the white horse
of Rev. 6 : 2 ; and the first Beast of Rev. 13. His
identity is certain, even though he appears under
various figures and titles; for he, like Satan, is so
unique in his character, time, and undertakings,
that he cannot be confused easily with any other.
In Daniel 2 the order of Gentile governments is
set forth by the figure of the great image which, at
the last, is suddenly and violently shattered by the
“stone cut from the mountain without hands”:
which stone is Christ, the Corner Stone; and the
Stone which the builders rejected. The feet and
toes of this image are said to be the last manifestation
of human government, and it is this part of the
image that is violently shattered by the stone. Of
this termination of earthly rule it is recorded in
Dan. 2 : 44, 45 : “And in the days of these kings
shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which
shall never be destroyed : and the kingdom shall not
be left to other people, but it shall break in pieces
and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand
forever. For as much as thou sawest that the
stone was cut out of the mountain without hands,
and that it brake in pieces the iron, the brass, the
clay, the silver, and the gold; the great God hath
made known to the king what shall come to pass
The Man of Sin 101
hereafter; and the dream is certain, and the interpretation
thereof sure.”
From this chapter it may be seen that the setting
up of the Messianic Kingdom is to be both sudden
and destructive to all human governments, and that
it is in no way the result of an age of development
and progressive improvement.
In Dan. 7 the Man of Sin appears, as has been
stated, as the “little horn” among ten horns, which,
like the ten toes of the great image, indicate the extreme
end of human authority and power. In this
vision the latter end of the kingdoms of the earth
is seen to culminate in the one most daring ruler,
the “little horn9 ” who has “a mouth speaking
great things” and whose look is more imposing
than all others; and he it is who makes war with
the saints and prevails over them until the coming
of the Ancient of Days. The inspired interpretation
of the vision is given in Dan. 7: 23-27:
“Thus he said, the fourth beast shall be the fourth
kingdom upon earth, which shall be diverse from
all kingdoms, and shall devour the whole earth, and
shall tread it down, and break it in pieces. And
the ten horns out of this kingdom are ten kings
that shall arise : and another shall arise after them ;
and he shall be diverse from the first, and he shall
subdue three kings. And he shall speak great
words against the most High, and shall wear out
the saints of the most High, and think to change
times and laws: and they shall be given into his
hand until a time and times and the dividing of
time, But the judgment shall sit, and they shall
102 Satan
take away his dominion, to consume and destroy it
unto the end. And the kingdom and dominion,
and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole
heaven, shall be given to the people of the saints
of the most High, whose kingdom is an everlasting
kingdom, and all dominion shall serve and obey
him. ”
In Dan. 11 the reign of the Man of Sin, the willful
king, is prophesied in detail; and the fact is
stated that the reign and the blasphemous attitude
of this last great ruler are both in the purpose of
God. A portion of this remarkable passage is here
given : “And the king shall do according to his
will; and he shall exalt himself, and magnify himself
above every God, and shall speak marvellous
things against the God of gods, and shall prosper
until the indignation be accomplished: for that
that is determined shall be done. Neither shall he
regard the God of his fathers, nor the desire of
women, nor regard any god: for he shall magnify
himself above all. Rut in his estate shall he honor
the God of forces : and a god whom his fathers knew
not shall he honor with gold, and silver, and with
precious stones, and pleasant things. Thus shall
he do in the most strong holds with a strange god,
whom he shall acknowledge and increase with
glory: and he shall cause them to rule over many,
and shall divide the land for gain.” This last
verse is more clearly translated “and he will practice
in the strongholds of fortresses with a strange
god; whoso acknowledgeth him will be increased
with glory; and he shall cause them to rule over
The Man of Sin 103
the many, and shall divide the land to them for a
reward” (Dan. 11: 36-39).
In addition to disregard for God on the part
of the Man of Sin, this passage presents several
important revelations. First, the expression “the
God of his fathers” would seem to indicate that
the Man of Sin would come from a lineage of Godfearing
people. Second, his disregard for the desire
of women is possibly a result of his hatred
of the true Messiah; for this reference may be to
the desire of every Jewish woman to be the mother
of Messiah. Third, those who acknowledge the
strange god (Satan), whom he honors, will be prospered,
and the land will be divided unto them and
he will give them authority and glory.
In the New Testament the Man of Sin is described
as “the one who comes in his own name,”
whom men will receive (John 5 : 43) ; “that man
of sin,” “the son of perdition” (2 Thes. 2: 3) ;
“that Wicked” (one) (2 Thes. 2: 8) ; and the
“beast” (Rev. 13: l), and to him Satan gives all
the power and glory which he offered to Christ
(Lk. 4 : 5, 6). Of the many references to him, two
passages deal with him at length. In the first (2
Thes. 2 : l-10)) his coming is mentioned as directly
following the removal of God’s present restraint
from the earth; and in the second (Rev. 13: l-8),
as before stated, his coming is seen directly to follow
the casting of Satan from heaven into tht:
earth (Rev. 12: ‘7-12), and continues until the glorious
appearing of Christ, which is described in
Rev. 19 and 20.
104 Satan
The former passage (2 Thes. 2 : l-10) is a~ follows
: “Now, we beseech you, brethren, by the
coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, and by OUT gathering
together unto him, that ye be not soon shaken
in mind, or be troubled, neither by spirit, nor by
word, nor by letter as from us, as that the day of
Christ [the Lord] is at hand. Let no man deceive
you by any means: for that day shall not come, except
there come a falling away first, and that man
of sin be revealed, the son of perdition; who opposeth
and exalteth himself above all that is called
God, or that is worshipped ; so that he as God sitteth
in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is
God. Remember ye not, that, when I was yet with
you, I told you these things ? And, now, ye know
what withholdeth that he might be revealed in his
time. For the mystery of iniquity doth already
work: only he who now letteth [restrains] will let,
until he be taken out of the way. And then shall
that Wicked [one] be revealed, whom the Lord
shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and
shall destroy with the brightness of his coming;
even him, whose coming is after the working of
Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders,
and with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in
them that perish; because they receive not the love
of the truth, that they might be saved.”
In this passage it is predicted of this mighty
person that he will assume to be very God, “sitting
in the temple as God,” and winning the worship
of the multitude by his miraculous power, signs,
and lying wonders ; deceiving all who perish, and
The Man of Sin 105
who would not receive the love of the truth that
they might be saved.
Still another and more striking description of
this person is given in the second passage just
mentioned (Rev. 13 : l-8) : “And I stood upon
the sand of the sea, and saw a beast rise up out of
the sea, having seven heads and ten horns, and
upon his horns ten crowns, and upon his heads the
name of blasphemy. And the beast which I saw
was like unto a leopard, and his feet were as the
feet of a bear, and his mouth as the mouth of a
lion : and the dragon [Satan] gave him his power,
and his seat, and his great authority. And I saw
one of his heads as it were wounded to death ; and
his deadly wound was healed: and all the world
wondered after the beast. And they worshipped
the dragon [Satan] which gave power unto the
beast; and they worshipped the beast, saying, Who
is like unto the beast? Who is able to make war
with him’? And there was given unto him a mouth
speaking great things and blasphemies; and power
was given unto him to continue forty and two
months. And he opened his mouth in blasphemy
against God, to blaspheme his name, and his tabernacle,
and them that dwell in heaven. And it was
given unto him to make war with the saints, and
to overcome them: and power was given him over
all kindreds, and tongues, and nations. And all
that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose
names are not written in the book of life of the
Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.”
The first and, it would seem, most important
106 Satan
thing that is stated of this being in this Scripture
is that one of his heads was, as it were, wounded
to death, and his deadly wound was healed. Some
have claimed this to be a reference to a previous
political defeat followed by reinstatement into
power. This may be included, but the expression is,
however, most suggestive and significant as an attempt
on the part of Satan to imitate, in the Man
of Sin, that which was the supreme miracle of the
Christ-His death and resurrection. The effort is
plainly effective ; more so than a mere shifting of
political fortune could possibly be, for the statement
follows, “All the world wondered after the
beast who had received the deadly wound and yet
lived. ’ ’ After they wondered, they worshipped.
First they worshipped Satan, who performed the
mighty miracle; and then they worshipped the
beast, saying, “Who is like unto the beast? who is
able to make war with him?” The blasphemy of
the Man of Sin has been emphasized in all Scripture
references to him, and is here still more vividly
The time he is to continue is said to be forty
and two months, which would be one-half the tribulation
period ; and this statement is probably not at
all figurative. By his overwhelming supernatural
power and wisdom he gains authority over every
individual in the Satanic system (excepting those
recorded in the Lamb’s book of life). These are not
brought under his governing power.
The latter part of the chapter presents still another
mighty person, who is also called a “beast,”
The Man of Sin 107
but later appears as the false prophet (Rev. 19:
20) ; and who exercises all the power of the first
beast, and receives his power from the dragon,
Satan. Much is said of this second “beast,” but
his mission is in no way to attract attention to himself.
He co-operates in gaining world-wide worship
and authority for the first beast, whose deadly
wound was healed. The second beast seems to deal
directly with the people and by his mighty signs
and miracles, as well as by his authority, he compels
loyalty to the first beast. Fire is called down
from heaven, and a dumb idol is made to speak and
live. He is able to establish a union of all people
in trade, imposing a death penalty upon them.
And by all these means he furthers the interests of
the first beast. The Scripture here referred to is
as follows : “And I beheld another beast coming
up out of the earth; and he had two horns like a
lamb, and he spake as a dragon [Satan]. And he
exerciseth all the power of the first beast before
him, and causeth the earth and them which dwell
therein to worship the first beast, whose deadly
wound was healed. And he doeth great wonders,
so that he maketh fire come down from heaven on
the earth in the sight of men, and deceiveth them
that dwell on the earth, by the means of those miracles
which he had power to do in the sight of the
beast; saying to them that dwell on the earth, that
they should make an image to the beast, which had
the wound by a sword, and did live. And he had
power to give life unto the image of the beast, that
the image of the beast should both speak, and cause
108 Satarl
that as many as would not worship the image of
the beast should be killed. And he causeth all,
both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond,
to receive a mark in their right hand, or in their
foreheads: and that no man might buy or sell, save
he that had the mark, or the name of the beast,
or the number of his name. Here is wisdom.
Let him that hath understanding count the number
of the beast: for it is the number of a man; and
his number is Six hundred three score and six”
(Rev. 13 : 11-B).
There is a deep suggestion in the person of this
second beast of a counterfeit of the TToly Spirit of
God. He who came not to speak from IIimself,
but to glorify Christ and to unite all believers,
leading them in worship and praise. This second
beast is probably identical with “Anti-Christ” who
appears under that title only in the writings of
John, and who is there seen as the consummation
of a long succession of false religious teachers who
have denied the Christ and His sacrificial work.
When the testimony of all the Scriptures relating
to the Man of Sin is considered, he is seen to
be a person whose superhuman power is plainly
ascribed to Satan. He appears upon the scene,
after the removal of the heavenly people and during
the great tribulation, as the climax of all Satanic
exaltation and opposition to God. He is the
last and greatest of earthly rulers, and, from his
position of unsurpassed influence, speilks great
words and manifests great wisdom. He is exterThe
Man of Sin 109
nally religious, and the promoter of righteous projects
and principles which in God’s sight are only
hypocrisy and blasphemy because of the subtle
Christ-denying motive which prompts all his undertakings.
His hold upon the public mind is by
a process which is natural. Great miracles are
performed by himself and by his prophet,-fire is
called down from heaven; a dumb idol is made to
speak and live, and he himself has been wounded
to death and yet lives. By such supernatural
works his assumption to be very God is accepted,
and he becomes the world’s ideal of all that is supreme.
The people are said first to marvel and
wonder; then to worship at his feet; and at last, in
mad devotion, they challenge the universe to produce
his equal-“Who is like the beast?” they cry.
He has been wounded to death and yet lives; he
performs as great miracles as the world has ever
seen; and he must, therefore, be God manifest in
the flesh. His wisdom, beauty and majesty are a
seeming warrant for the highest adoration.
Thus the Man of Sin will appear as the culmination
of all the counterfeit methods of Satan, which
methods had their beginnings in the last days of
the age, even before the calling away of the true
Church, the Body of Christ. The subtle doctrines
of devils will be adopted as creeds in assemblies and
so called churches, and these deep things, with the
Satanic ambition for moral improvement, will be
voiced by ministers who appear as apostles of Christ
and ministers of righteousness. Yet in God’s sight
1 1 0 Satan
it is all a deep lie and hypocrisy, for they are distorting
His truth and subtly denying His redemption.
All this, as has been stated, is but the Satanic
preparation of humanity that they may wholly acknowledge
Satan as their god, and that he may
himself become like the Most High. This program
is permitted in the purpose of God, for “that that
is determined shall be done” (Dan. 11: 36). It will
be only for a moment; for the resistless coming of
the “Ancient of Days” will unveil all this deception,
banish the enemies, and bring in His own longpredicted
and glorious reign of everlasting blessedness
upon the earth.
T0 some extent it has been necessary to anticipate
the subject of this chapter in dealing
with those counterfeits which are predicted for the
last days, when there will be found a “form of
godliness, denying the power thereof,” and also the
deep “doctrines of devils” which are “lies in hypocrisy.
” This chapter deals with that which is
vital in the true faith, and which is to be so carefully
omitted in the false faith,-that which makes
the true so potent, and without which the false becomes
an immeasurable deception. Everything depends
upon this one point of distinction; for, according
to prophecy, it is the only difference that
is finally to exist between the false and the true.
The issue is, therefore, as important as life itself.
It has already been seen that the method of counterfeiting,
if successful, will require Satan to appropriate
and incorporate in his false systems every
available principle of the true, for the deception of
the counterfeit depends wholly upon its likeness to
the real. By this is revealed the reason for calling
that a lie or deception which is externally so like
the truth. Certainly there could be no greater
pitfall for souls than a system which seems to be
the truth of God, and yet robs its followers of any
1 1 2 Satan
basis for a true hope, and it will be found that the
strongest condemnation of the Bible is uttered
against such systems and their promoters.
In seeking to discover the actual point of difference
between the false and the true, it will be well,
first, to consider the present perverted relation
which exists between the Creator and the fallen
human creature ; for herein is revealed the necessity
for that which God proposes to accomplish by
Two important points in Satan’s doctrine were
announced by him in the Garden of Eden when he
first approached the woman, and these two declarations
have been an important part of the world’s
creeds throughout the history of man. The first
was a bold denial of a positive statement of God,
when Satan said: “Ye shall not surely die.”
Whether Satan intended here simply to deny the
truth of God’s statement, or whether he overestimated
his own resources and proposed to shield
them from their God-appointed doom, is not clear.
Certainly the latter view is in keeping with Satan’s
original purpose, as well as with his evident sincerity.
It is quite reasonable to conclude that,
if he could be so misguided as to attempt to be like
the Most High, he would willingly have undertaken
to protect man from judgment which followed as a
result of loyalty to himself. Satan is striving, at
any rate, to direct the lives of those who are under
his power into a degree of self development that
will be a substitute for the revealed purpose of
God for men.
The Fatal Omission 1×3
The second announcement of Satan assured the
woman that they would, by this independent action,
“be as gods”; and this, so far from promising
death, seemed to them the immediate realization of
the highest ideal. The consummation of this ideal
is thus described: “For whom he did foreknow,
he also did predestinate to be conformed to the
image of his Son” (Rom. 8 : 29). “Beloved, now
are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear
what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall
appear, we shall be like him ; for we shall see him
as he is” (1 John 3 : 2). “When Christ, who is
our life, shall appear, then shall ye also appear with
him in glory” (Cal. 3: 4). “Now unto him that
is able to keep you from falling, and to present you
faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding
joy” (Jude 24). “For our citizenship is
in heaven ; whence also we wait for a Saviour, the
Lord Jesus Christ: who shall fashion anew the
body of our humiliation, that it may be conformed
to the body of his glory, according to the working
whereby he is able even to subject all things unto
himself” (Phil. 3 : 20, 21, R. V.) .
It is natural that Satan should suggest to hum:mity
that which had been the objective of his o’vn
unholy ambition; and especially is it natural, since
by such a separation of humanity from its God, he
could claim that authority over them, and secure
that worship from them which he so much craved.
There are, then, at least two distinct methods proposed
for the uplifting of humanity, and these are
brought into sharp contrast; for one is of Satan,
114 Satan
and the other is of God. Since both these methods
claim to aim at the same end-though one ideal is
not worthy to be compared with the otherthe
method, alone, forms the first point for discussion.
Under the Satanic control man has always been
strangely influenced in the matter of his relation to
his Creator. He, too, has been willing to assume
a hopeless position of independence toward God ;
and, under that abnormal relation, hc has gone out
alone to grope his way, blindly seeking to build
his own character, and by education and cultivation
to improve his natural heart which God has
pronounced humanly incurable. He has also bent
his inventive skill to the development of means by
which God-imposed labor may be avoided, and much
of his selfish greed springs from a desire to purchase
a substitute who shall bear for him the discomfort
of a sweating brow. “God is not in all
his thoughts”; nor has he any disposition to claim
the help of God under the terms upon which it is
offered. The Satanic method for life prompts him
to attempt to become a god by a process of selfhelp
and development of the finite resources.
It is possible to introduce much of religious form
into the world system of self-help; for there is a
great field for religious exercise for the one who is
attempting to make himself Godlike, and there is
endless material for supplication and prayer that
all available assistance may be secured to aid one
in that humanly impossible task. A devout spirit
is, therefore, a part of the Satanic doctrine, and the
The Fatal ,Omission
predicted “forms of godliness” will naturally appear.
There is a vast difference between an individual
supplicating God to save him: and one supplicating
God to help him save himself. The latter is a part
of the Satanic plan and has no promise of divine
favor upon it. All such religious exercise, though
full of outward forms and deep sincerity, leaves its
moral aspirants doomed, alike with the most degraded,
to an everlasting separation and banishment
from the presence of God. Prayer and religious
practice do not really place the saving work
in the hands of God, but mockingly ask Him to give
His sanction and assistance to that which wholly
dishonors and disregards Him, and which is also
both unreasonable and impossible.
Though the process by which unfallen man
would have reached a higher development has not
been revealed, it is certain that he would have
been then, as now, wholly dependent upon the Creator.
Man’s present independence toward God is
the blindest delusion of the fallen nature, for complete
independence cannot even be assumed in the
least of all temporal things. How much less is it
possible to be independent in that which is spiritual
Again, the self-saving principle is utter folly,
since God must demand a quality which no human
being can present. God’s requirement is not unreasonable,
however, for He also proposes to bestow, Ln
grace, all that He ever demands. The absolute
righteousness of God demands no less than absolute
116 Satan
righteousness in all who are acceptable to Him ; yet
He has never mocked man by asking him to make
himself acceptable, or even to attempt to do it by
divine help. True salvation is wholly a work of
God, and provides a standing in Christ which is the
very righteousness of God. It is said to be both a
finished work and a gift, and, therefore, it lays no
obligation upon the saved one to complete it himself,
or to make after payments of service for it;
though the saved one is called upon to serve from
another and more glorious motive.
The divine terms of obtainment into Godlikeness
are clearly stated in the Scriptures. However,
the estimate God has placed upon human nature
at its best, and the logical necessity that man
shall receive, as a gift, all that he has, and be forever
a debtor to the divine giver, have always been
rejected by self-sufficient and Satan-inspired
humanity. These terms are the only possible or
reasonable relations that could rightfully exist between
fallen humanity and its Creator. At this
point Satan has blinded the minds of the lost lest
they should believe, and he has made that which is
reasonable and natural seem to be unreasonable
and unnatural. The unsaved are unable to abandon
their Satan-inspired sense of self-sufficiency
and independence of God and receive from Him,
as a gift, every quality which is commendable in
His sight.
The controversy between Satan-ruled man and
God is one of method. It is one of self-righteousness
and character building, or one of bestowed
The Fatal Omission 1×7
righteousness and character by the fruit of the
Spirit. Will man try to save himself, or humbly
submit to being saved by Another7 Will he try
to conform himself to what little he knows to be
good and true, or will he be transformed by the
power of God into that which is no less than the
image of Christ 1 Will he present the sacrifice of a
sincere effort to be moral and religious or accept
the God-provided sacrifice for all sin in the shed
blood of Christ? Will he try to establish himself
before God on the ground of his own works, or rest
in the finished work of Christ for him‘? Will he
try to improve his fallen nature, or partake of
the divine nature and become a son of God by the
power of God, through faith in Christ Jesus?
One method, it may be seen, depends wholly upon
self for its realization, promises glory to man alone,
and has its origin at that unknown time when Satan
proposed in his heart to become like the Most
High. The other method is dependent upon God
alone, and, therefore, demands au attitude of faith
toward Him for its realization, and issues in glory
to the Creator, who alone is worthy to be praised.
The latter, in contrast with Satan’s method, had its
origin in the purpose of God, which He purposed
before the foundation of the world. Therein,
transcendent blessings are offered, stores of grace
are unfolded, and the omnipotent power of God
is seen working for the transformation of His
human creatures. These two methods are confused
only because they seem to aim at the same general
result. In reality their results, like their methods,
118 Satan
are not only incomparable, but they are as far removed
from each other as God’s ways are higher
than man’s ways.
The revelation from God in regard to salvation
might have been limited to the fact that He, rather
than man, was to accomplish the work ; and while
much that is involved in the mighty undertaking
of redemption has not been, and probably cannot
be, reduced to the level of human understanding,
He saw fit to reveal much that was necessary, on
both the Godward and the manward side, in providing
this way of salvation. No human conception
of the atonement is complete. Notwithstanding
this, the all-sufficient sacrificial death of Christ being
clearly stated in the Scriptures, its value,
though unanalyzed, may be appropriated ; for man
is not saved by what he comprehends or understands,
but his salvation is made possible by his
attitude of willingness and expectation toward the
saving power of Christ.
In determining the exact point of the truth that
is to be omitted from the Satanic counterfeit, it is
important to distinguish between the Persolz and
work of Christ. In the one is included His teachings
and example, both in His life and death : in the
other is included His substitutionary, sacrificial,
and atoning death for the sin of the world. There
is no controversy as to the value of the teachings
and example of Jesus, but the wisdom of this world
is displayed in ever-increasing antagonism against
the blood of the cross. This enmity has never been
founded on the Word of God, for Scripture does
The Fatal Omission 119
not deny itself. The opposition appeals to pride
and human reason, and dares to challenge the plain
statements of the Bible on this particular point.
Very much is thus omitted; for all the meaning of
sacrifice in the Old Testament and all the promises
of redemption in the New Testament are inseparably
related to the blood of the cross. It may be
to the Jew a stumbling block, and to the Greek
foolishness ; yet to those who are called, both Jews
and Greeks, “it is the power of God and the wisdom
of God.”
In Ephesians, the eternal purpose of God is said
to be the complete perfection of believers: “According
as he hath chosen us in him before the
foundation of the world, that we should be holy and
without blame before him in love” (1: 4). And
that transformation is also said to be by the blood
of Christ: “In whom we have redemption through
his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the
riches of his grace” (1: 7). In like manner the
object of this tranformation is said to be that the
church may be the present and eternal manifestation
of the wisdom, love and power of God: “To
the intent that now unto the principalities and powers
in heavenly places might be known by the
church the manifold wisdom of God” (3: 10).
“That in the ages to come he might show the exceeding
riches of his grace in his kindness toward
us through Christ Jesus” (2: 7). “And what is
the exceeding greatness of his power to usward who
believe, according to the working of his mighty
power, which he wrought in Christ, when he raised
120 Satan
him from the dead, and set him at his own right
hand in the heavenly places” (1: 19, 20).
There is also a strong contrast of figures used
in the Old Testament which accurately emphasizes
the mighty power of the Creator in the regeneration
of a soul. In Psalm 8: 3 the creation of the
solar system is mentioned as the work of the fingers
of God: “When I consider thy heavens, the work
of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which thou
hast ordained,” but in Isa. 53 : 1, where the substitutionary
sacrifice of Christ is referred to, it is
spoken of as the effort of the Creator’s arm:
“Who hath believed our report 1 and to whom is
the arm of the LORD revealed?” The suggestion
here given, that the creation of a universe is the
work of His fingers, and the regeneration of souls
is the work of His mighty arm, is not overdrawn ;
for the price of redemption cannot be measured
by corruptible things, such as gold and silver: but is
purchased at the price of the precious blood of
Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without
spot (1 Pet. 1: 19).
The Scriptures abound in statements that regeneration,
and the whole transforming work of redemption,
are accomplished on the ground of the
sacrificial blood of the cross ; and if these statements
of the Bible are rejected, the discussion can
never be one of interpretation of the Scriptures, but
becomes a question of the authority of the testimony
of the Bible. A few of these passages are
here given : “Surely he hath borne our griefs, and
carried our sorrows : yet we did esteem him stricken,
The Fatal Omission 121
smitten of God, and afflicted. But he was wounded
for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities:
the chastisement of our peace was upon
him ; and with his stripes we are healed. All we
like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every
one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on
him the iniquity of us all” (Isa. 53: 4-6). “Even
as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto,
but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for
many” (Matt. 20: 28). “Behold the Lamb of
God, which taketh away the sin of the world”
(John 1: 29). “Whom God hath set forth to be
a propitiation through faith in his blood” (R’om.
3:25). “But God commendeth his love toward us,
in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for
us. Much more then, being now justified by his
blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him”
(Rom. 5:8, 9): “For he hath made him to be
sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be
made the righteousness of God in him” (2 Cor.
5:21). “Who gave himself for our sins, that he
might deliver us from this present evil world, according
to the will of God and our Father” (Gal.
1:4). “And every priest standeth daily ministering
and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices,
which can never take away sins : but this man, after
he had offered one sacrifice for sins forever, sat
down on the right hand of God; from henceforth
expecting till his enemies be made his footstool.
For by one offering he hath perfected forever them
that are sanctified” (Heb. 10: 11-14). “Who his
own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree,
122 Satan
that we, being dead to sins, should live unto
righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed”
(1 Pet. 2:24). “For Christ also hath once suffered
for sins, the just for the unjust, that he
might bring us to God, being put to death in the
flesh, but quickened by the Spirit” (1 Pet. 3 : 18).
“And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not
for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole
world” (I John 2: 2).
From the foregoing passages it may be seen that,
according to the Scriptures, the stupendous transformation
of regeneration is not only the greatest
divine undertaking, but is directly accomplished on
the grounds of the sacrificial death and shed blood
of Christ, and is sealed in security by the Holy
Spirit of promise.
The sacrificial death of Christ presents the only
gateway for fallen man from the power and final
doom of Satan to the glory and transcendent light
of God; and there is nothing strange in the Sataninspired
“offence of the cross” which is often garnished
with culture, worldly wisdom, and religious
forms. Even in Paul’s time there were those who
were enemies of the cross of Christ: “For many
walk, of whom I have told you often, and now tell
you even weeping, that they are the enemies of
the cross of Christ” (Phil 3: 18). There were
evidently recognized leaders in the Christian fellowship,
who were undoubtedly ardent admirers of
the Person of Jesus, as revealed in His earthly life
and example: yet Paul does not hesitate to mention
his own tears at the fatal omission in their
The Fatal Omission 123
preaching, for they were enemies of the cross of
Again, it is predicted in 2 Pet. 2: 1, 2 that a
fierce enmity against the cross should appear:
“But there were false prophets also among the
people, even as there shall be false teachers among
you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies,
even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring
upon themselves swift destruction. And manp
shall follow their pernicious ways ; by reason of
whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of.”
Here again the denial is against the purchase or
redeeming work of Christ rather than His Person
or character. They are offended at the Lord who
them, though they may be devoted to the
Lord who taught them. These Satanic agents are
described here, as before, as those who seem to
be teachers in the true faith, yet they bring in
damnable heresies, in all covered subtlety, crystallizing
in a denial of the redemption that is in
Christ. Being only blinded unregenerate men,
they may suppose themselves to be ministers of
righteousness and apostles of Christ. Their Yhumanitarian
dreams may inspire tireless effort and
zeal, their doctrine may become world-wide in its
influence, and they may drive their mighty ecclesiastical
machinery by the injunctions of Scripture;
yet if the curtain could be lifted, their “angel of
light” would be found to be Satan, working through
them to resist the purpose of God, and themselves
the ministers of Satan, speaking lies in hyprocisy,
having their conscience seared as with a hot iron,
124 Satan
daring in their exalted position to devitalize the
Gospel of its power unto salvation, and dragging
immortal souls after them into hell.
It is not strange that there is resentment against
the mystery of the cross which does not exist against
any other inexplicable fact in the world. It is not
strange that the ministers of Satan, appearing
as the apostles of Christ and ministers of righteousness,
should fortify their lies and hypocrisies by
contending for almost every phase of revealed
truth, grounding their authority so positiveIy in the
Scriptures of Truth ; yet subtly omitting, or violently
denying, the one and only point upon which
the interests of God and Satan divide. It is not
strange that there is a wide call for a “restatement
of the truth,” which usually proposes to omit the
new birth and substitute self-effort to be good and
character building in i t s place. It is not strange
that the wise and cultured of this world feel their
aesthetic natures shocked by the doctrine of redemption
by blood; yet entertain no sense of their
own abhorrent pollution in the sight of the infinitely
holy One. It is not strange that the world
assumes to have advanced beyond that which is
repeatedly said to be the manifestation of the wisdom
of God; branding as bigots, insincere, or ignorant,
all who still hold to the whole testimony
of God. It is not strange that the atonement by
blood is omitted, for it is Satan’s hour and the
power of darkness. The child of God must bear the
ever-increasing reproaches of his crucified Lord, until
the glory dawns and the shadows flee away.
II’ has been the privilege and duty of the church
throughout her history to be looking for the
return of the One to whom she has been espoused.
Had her eyes never wandered from that expectant
gaze, she would have been saved much sorrow and
shame at His coming, for she has lost her Scriptural
character and much of her witnessing power whenever
she has said “My Lord delayeth his corning.
” It is then that she has fallen to beating
the manservants and the maidservants, and has become
drunken with the wine of this world
True devotion to Christ must naturally issue
in a deep desire to be with Him and to see -EIim
face to face, and though it is quite possible to
have been misled or untaught in regard to the
conditions of IIis coming, the contemplation of
such a promise from Him can but kindle a glowing
hope in a truly devoted heart. It is a direct
contradiction to claim supreme affection for Him,
and yet be careless of His promised return., or
wholly contented while separated from Him. The
world, that cannot comprehend such devotion to
Christ, will easily chide the believer, and denounce
him for what they now call his “other worldness”
126 Satan
when his affections are set on things above “where
Christ sitteth at the right hand of God,” and when
his heart rejoices in the certain hope that “when
Christ, who is our life, shall appear, then shall ye
also appear with him in glory.”
It was necessary for Satan to rob the church,
to a great extent, of her “blessed hope” of Christ’s
return, before he could attract attention to his
own attempts at world improvement, and establish
his own authority as ruler over this age. Expectation
along the God-appointed lines must be abandoned,
for the most part, before humanity can be
federated, and religious institutions be made to cooperate
in the Satanic program.
This vital key-truth of the imminent return of
Christ was, therefore, first discredited, and then
followed by an attack upon the deity of the Son
of God and His sacrificial death; which attack is
ever increasing, and must increase to the very end.
The body of truth concerning the Lord’s return
is so extensive that there have always been some
humble and devote souls who have dared to believe
IIis promises, and thus the real Church, to
some extent, her watch has been keeping.
The mighty tool in Satan’s hands for the destroying
of the hope of Christ’s coming has been
a simple one : zealous souls have been found who,
ignoring the statements of the Scriptures, would
attempt to tlx the day of His coming. Then, as
their prophecy failed of fulfilment, the world and
many in the church have laughed them to scorn.
Unfortunately they came to laugh also at the very
Modern Devices 127
promise of (rod, saying, “Where is the promise of
his coming?“’ and in so doing they have fulfilled
some of the very things that are predicted for
the end of the age: “Knowing this first, that
there shall come in the last days scoffers, walking
after their own Iusts [desires], and saying, Where
is the promise of his coming 1 for since the fathers
fell asleep, all things continue as they were from
the beginning of the creation” (2 Pet. 3 : 3, 4).
Thus Satan’s authority is being established.
The exact time of Christ’s return has not been
revealed, nor will it be announced by a prophet.
Nevertheless, the “children of light and the children
of the day ” “are not in darkness that that
day shouId overtake them as a thief” (1 Thes.
5: 4, 5). It is their privilege to rejoice in every
promise of His coming, and to recognize every new
indication of His nearness as eagerIy as the betrothed
awaits her beloved. The true believer’s
glory, as well as his union with loved ones in Christ.,
is imminent, and by faith he can look beyond the
days of the earth’s greatest anguish and, seeing the
triumph of all blessedness, rejoice in the hope of
his Lord’s coming, and pray, “Even so, come,
Lord Jesus.’ ’
It is, therefore, impossible to know how m.uch
of time yet remains for the gathering out of the
Bride and the development of Satan’s rule ; yet it is
evident that within the last generation the exact fulfilment
of those things which are predicted for the
last days has begun, and is even now developing
faster than the mind can comprehend.
128 Satan
Not all the signs of the times have a place in
these pages, but only such as are directly connected
with the working of Satan.
Since the blood redemption of the cross is the
central truth and value of the true faith, it being
the “power of God unto salvation” (Rom.
1: 16 ; 1 Cor. 1: 23, 24), any counterfeit system of
doctrine which would omit this essential, must
force some secondary truth into the place of promin
e n c e . Any of the great Scriptural subjects which
are of universal interest to humanity, such as
physical health, life after death, morality, unfulfilled
prophecy, or religious forms, may be substituted
in the false systems for that which is vital.
And while those subjects are all found in their
proper relations and importance in the true faith,
the fact that people are universally inclined to
give attention to them furnishes an opportunity for
Satan to make a strong appeal to humanity through
them; using these subjects as central truths in
his false and counterfeit systems. Many are easily
led to 6x their attention upon the secondary things,
and to neglect wholly the one primary thing.
Especially is this true since the secondary things
are tangible and seen ; while the one essential
thing is spiritual and unseen, and Satan has
blinded their eyes toward that which is of eternal
A system of doctrine may, then, be formed which
includes every truth of the Scriptures save one ;
exalting the Person of Christ, but not His atoning
work, and emphasizing some secondary truth as
Modern Devices 129
its central value. This system will be readilly accepted
by blinded humanity, though the real power
of God unto salvation has been carefully withdrawn.
Naturally it would be supposed that such Sataninspired
systems would have no value or power,
since there could be no divine favor upon them.
Such a supposition would be possible only because
of the prevailing misunderstanding as to the real
power of Satan. If the description given of him in
the Scriptures is accepted, he will be seen to be
possessed with miraculous power; able to perform
such marvels that the whole world is led to wonder
and then to worship. He is free also to bestow
this miraculous power upon others #(Rev.
13: 2). So it is no marvel if his ministers, who
appear as the ministers of righteousness, are able
to exert superhuman power when it is directly in
the interest of the Satanic projects.
The great power of Satan has doubtless been
active along these lines during all the ages past;
for it is impossible that humanity should have worshipped
other gods blindly without some reoompense,
and it is Satan himself who has been thus
worshipped (Lev. 1’7: 7; 2 Chron. 11: 15; Rev.
It is not final evidence, therefore, that a system
of doctrine is of God simply because there are accompanying
manifestations of superhuman power;
nor is it final evidence that the Almighty has responded,
simply because any form of supplication
has been answered. The divine movements are, of
130 Satan
necessity, limited by the laws of His own holiness,
and access into His presence is by the blood of
Jesus alone, by a new and living Way which was
consecrated for us through His flesh (Heb. 10 : 19,
20). Assuming to come before God in prayer, but
ignoring this truth, is but to insult with pollution,
Him who is infinitely holy and pure. Satan, who
is aspiring to the place of the Almighty, may answer
the prayer of his own subjects even though
that prayer is blindly addressed to the Supreme
Being. Surely the Satan-ruled world does not
come before God by the blood of Jesus.
Though false systems of doctrine have always
existed, counterfeits in hypocrisy are a distinct
characteristic of the last days of the present age.
And it is a most significant fact that within the
last generation such systems have appeared and
are rapidly multiplying-systems that borrow
every phase of the true faith, but one, and are
conspicuous in that they emphasize some secondary
truth with what seems, at times, to be miraculous
power. Multitudes are being won to these creeds,
both because of their apparent religious aspect,
and by the actual results which they accomplish.
There is probably no subject of more universal
interest than that of physical health ; and but recently
“Christian Science,” which chiefly emphasizes
physical health, has appeared. While it
gathers into itself some elements that are foreign
both to Christianity and to science, and appropriates
much from the field of psychology, it assumes
to be an infallible interpretation of the Scriptures,
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and makes Jesus its highest exponent and teacher.
Yet it positively denies even the reality of sin and
the need of Christ’s atoning sacrifice. Its followers
are won and held by its religious claims, and by the
actual physical and mental transformations that
are secured. Nothing but ignorance will at’:empt
to deny that, to some extent, its claims are real.
That it has assemblies, ministers, and mysteries
deep and profound, and that it is able to demonstrate
its claims of physical transformation, does
not lift it above the level of Satan’s power. That
it denies even the need of the blood of the cross,
separates it, in spite of its claims, from the God
of the Scriptures, and brands it with every characteristic
of Satan’s counterfeit,
Another subject, already mentioned, which is of
common interest to humanity, is that of life after
death. How persistently man has sought to see
beyond the veil! And yet how little of fact has
been discovered, beyond that which it has pleased
God to reveal in His Word! How strong is the
desire of the heart to follow the departed into
the great unseen ! And how subtle is “ Spiril.ism”
in its election of the question of a future state as
its bait to beguile sorrow-crushed souls into a
disregard of their only hope in the blood of Christ!
This system has existed from the earliest ages
and has the unqualified condemnation of the Eible;
yet in the last half-century it has taken new interest
and dignity to itself under the modern title
of “Psychical Research.” With boldest awumption
it claims to be the only safe exponent of truth,
132 Satan
and to be working in the interests of sciencechanging
science being accepted as more trustworthy
than revelation.
Less is made of the Scriptures in this system
than in Christian Science. Yet here, as might
be expected, there is violent opposition to the doctrine
of redemption from sin.
“Spiritism” bases its claims on the supposed
testimony of departed spirits and it cannot be
denied but that there is an intelligent response to
the human appeal from the unseen, and messages
are being received and mysterious acts are being
performed with increasing frequency. It cannot
be proven, however, that this response is from the
spirit of the person named, for a lying spirit could
easily know enough of any person’s life to represent
him in every detail. That the whole system
could be of Satan is evident, and since it denies
man’s only hope of redemption, it is no part of
the real truth of God. It, too, bears all the marks
of the workings of Satan.
Another system of thought called “New,” but
which is as old as human philosophy, appropriates
every phase of metaphysical belief. The central
idea of “New Thought” is the complete development
of man,-body, soul, and spirit. Every possible
human power is utilized ; there is recognition
of the Creator; the Word of God is appropriated
in convenient texts ; and Christ is claimed by
its followers to be the complete example and embodiment
of all their ideals. Newly stated theories
of psychology are included in this system, and
Modern Devices I33
the whole teaching stands as the embodiment of
all the ideals of the one who first suggested to
humanity that they, by their own efforts, become
as gods. The system wholly denies Scriptural. regeneration,
both as to its necessity and as a fact;
and is a veritable worship of self, as predicted for
the last days (2 Tim. 3 : 2). It substitutes the development
of the will as a power for victory in
the life, in place of the God-provided victory over
sin by the Spirit. Its followers seem to be utterly
blind to the plainest truths of the Scriptures,
and are marvelling at what they suppose to be a
discovery, when, perchance, they are able to comprehend
some secondary truth of the Word of God.
This system, like “Christian Science,” numbers its
followers by the hundreds of thousands. They
support many periodicals, and their teachings are
read and accepted throughout the world.
There is also another system known as “Millennial
Dawnism, ” and by other organization names, which
relies upon its interpretation of prophecy to secure
the interest of its followers. There is universal interest
in the future, and by means of Millennial
Dawnism, Satan is covering the most erroneous
teachings concerning salvation and the Person and
work of Christ through an emphasis upon the
prophetic Scriptures which satisfies the natu.ral
craving for knowledge concerning “things to
come. ’ ’
In all these doctrines there is included much
of the precious truth of God, but this is employed
only as a bait to cover the relentless hook of Satau,
I34 Satan
by which he seeks to draw human souls away from
God and into perdition. Not one positive word is
said of the future state of man, or of his fitness to
meet his God, and any belief in immortality is borrowed
from the revelation of God; for the systems
themseIves are given over to distracting and diverting
man from the thought of his need of a divinely
wrought preparation for eternity. It is commonly
stated by the followers of these systems that it is of
little importance what one believes, for it is the
life that counts. Thus the great and necessary
fact that any true character as well as salvation
depends upon what one believes, rather than on
the life, is discredited.
These systems are mentioned only as examples of
the almost innumerable doctrines that are sweeping
the world to-day. They often reappear under new
and misleading titles. The truth they acknowledge,
and many forces they employ, are, in their
right relationships, God ‘s gracious provision for
His saints; yet when these truths and forces are
used alone, where the real purpose of God is skillfully
omitted, they become only the hypocrisy that
covers and garnishes a lie.
Again, many are deluded by the emphasis upon
the mere outward forms of the visible church.
When these forms are analyzed, they appear to
represent a church ministered to by a recognized
ordained minister who depends upon his own personality
for his power; and who preaches ethics
and morality drawn from Scripture texts and other
ethical writings. Prayers are offered, imploring
IModern Devices 135.
the Almighty to aid humanity in its attempts to
commend itself to Him by a more or less faithful
practice of religion. The pleasures of music as
an art are provided at extravagant cost, in place
of the praise that is inspired by the Spirit of God.
Social gatherings are held, to take the place of
the unity of the Spirit and the love of the brethren.
Humanitarian appeals for the betterment of the
world are made, in place of the evangelical regeneration
by the cross ; and not one reference to the
real Gospel is made from one year to the next,
unless it be in a covered denial. The sleeping eongregations
are seemingly satisfied with a mockery
of the truth, and are content with a doctrine which
proposes to educate souls into hell, and which encourages
them to make a few efforts toward selfdevelopment
while on their certain road to perdition.
It is no longer good form in society to be
without some church relationships, yet the one and
only true basis for salvation may never have been
comprehended or accepted by a multitude of these
members. Truly the god of this world is accomplishing
his end, and his blinded followers are
coming to be numbered with the faithful. The evil
birds are flocking to the mustard tree, and the
corrupting leaven is permeating the measures of
The last development of the earth history of the
visible church is predicted to be a condition in
w.hich she is saying, “I am rich, and increased
with goods, and have need of nothing.” The
passage continues, “and knowest not that thou art
136 Satan
wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, and
naked. I counsel thee to buy of me gold tried in
the fire, that you mayest be rich; and white raiment,
that thou mayest be clothed, and that the
shame of thy nakedness do not appear; and anoint
thine eyes with eyesalve, that thou mayest see. A s
many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous
therefore, and repent. Behold, I stand at the
door and knock: if any man hear my voice, and
open the door, I will come in to him, and will
sup with him, and he with me” (Rev. 3: 17-20).
If Scripture language and figure mean anything,
this is a description of an unregenerate church
over which the Lord is pleading. It is from this
church that He has withdrawn, and is seen outside,
standing and knocking. ITis hope is not centered
upon reforming the whole mass of professing
members, for His offer is to the individual “any
man” with whom He will then have personal communion
and f cllowship.
Sad is the spectacle of these churches, meeting
week after week to be beguiled by the philosophy
of men, and raising no voice in protest against
the denial of their only foundation as a church,
and of their only hope for time and eternity! F a r
more honorable were the infidels of the past generation
than these ministers. They were wholly
outside the church. But now, behold the inconsistency!
Men who are covered by the vesture of
the, church, ministering its sacraments, and supported
by its benevolence, are making an open attack
upon that wisdom of God which made Christ
Modern Devices I37
Jesus the only ground for all righteousness, sanctification,
and redemption. The predictions for the
last days are thus not only being fulfilled by false
systems and doctrines, but they are found in the
visible church itself. “For the time will come
when they will not endure sound doctrine ; but
after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves
teachers, having itching ears ; and they shall turn
away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned
unto fables” (2 Tim. 4 : 3, 4).
Great religious activities are possible without
coming into complications with saving faith. It
is possible to be more concerned over the untimely
death of one hundred thousand drunkards than
with the Christless death of twenty million human
beings, or to be wholly concerned with the educational
and physical needs of the heathen and to
neglect their greatest need in regeneration. Thus
Satan may gain his own ends, even through some
so-called missionary undertakings, for in this manner
he can beguile untaught saints to limit their
work to the lines of his highest ideals. It is possible
to fight against sin and not present the
Saviour, or to urge the highest Scriptural ideals
and yet offer no reasonable way of attainment.
There is a strange fascination about these undertakings
which are humanitarian, and are religious
only in form and title, And there is a
strange attractiveness in the leader who announces
that he is not concerned with the doctrines of the
Bible, because the helping of humanity is his one
passion and care: yet all his passion is lost and his
138 Satan
care is to no real end unless coupled with a very
positive message of a particular way of salvation,
the true understanding of which demands a series
of most careful distinctions.
Recently the word “pragmatism” has beeu
brought into popular use to denote the test by
which the pragmatists measure all systems, theories
and doctrines. The pragmatic inquiry when applied
to any system, theory, or doctrine may be understood
to mean, “does it meet its claims in practice?”
Although much is being made of this phase
of pragmatism, the test is as old as the race, and is
verified by the Rible, for Jesus said, “By their
fruits ye shall know them.” ‘H’owever, the burden
of testing claims has never before been so great,
for the world was never so filled with new and
strange theories as now. And these modern systems
that deny true salvation in Christ are growing
mightily under this test. They offer comparatively
little and are usually able to meet their
claims. “Christian Science” does, to some extent,
change the condition of mind and body.
“Spiritism” offers demonstrations from the invisible,
and the demonstrations appear. “New
Thought” proposes a development of the whole
natural man, and thrives by the practical test of
“pragmatism. ” The same is true of all other
similar systems and doctrines, and will be true of
those that may yet appear, since it is the very
program of Satan as it is revealed in his last blasphemous
counterfeit of the Son of God ; for it is
written in Rev. 13: 3, 4 that they first wondered
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‘at the miracles of the “Beast,” and then worshipped.
Woe to the untaught soul who stands
wondering to-day at the marvels of this evil age,
if he be without a sense of the importance and
value of the priceless blood of the cross! The
step is not far for such an one to the place
where he falls in worship-worship of a being who
is supposed to have forgotten abhorrence of sin
and abandoned all eternal covenants of mercy by
blood alone ; a being who is supposed to be glad that
the world has outgrown the old unbearable estimates
of sin and redemption, the abiding difference
between the saved and the unsaved, and into whose
presence the worshipper is supposed to be free to
come on the ground of his fallen human nature,
and on the ground of the “universal fatherhood
of God and the universal brotherhood of man. ”
The new situation consists in the attempt of
the enemy to keep the outward form of our faith,
quoting Scripture and eulogizing Christ, but denying
every word of saving grace. This gigantic
monster of confusion began in Germany and has
heen largely accepted over the civilized earth.
Germany’s military conquest is small compared
with her spiritual conquest. IIer armies may be
defeated, but her unbelief is cursing the world.
These “doctrines of devils” which devitalize truth
by denying redemption through the blood of Christ
were all predicted and were to be God’s sign to us
of the prewnce of the “last days.” What more
evidence do we need that these days are already
here 1
140 Satan
Who can be the god of these systems4 the energizing
power in these people ? and the’ answerer of
their prayers? Surely not the God of the Scriptures
who cannot deny Himself, and whose word
cannot be made to pass away ! Revelation sets
forth but one other being who is capable of these
undertakings; and it not only assigns to this being
a great and sufficient motive for all such activity,
but clearly predicts that he will thus “oppose”
and “exalt himself” in this very day and
a g e .
Much of the secondary truth is the present inheritance
of the child of God. However, if t,here is
a choice to be made the deepest wisdom will perceive
that all the combined secondary values which
Satan can offer are but for a fleeting time, and
are not worthy to be compared with the eternal
riches of grace in Christ Jesus.
S INCE the Bible contains God’s message to the
people of all ages, it must be rightly divided
if the body of truth concerning any particular age
or people is to be clearly understood. There are,
undoubtedly, many things in common in the various
ages, and because of that fact the superficial
use of the Scriptures has been to treat the entire
Book as a direct message to all people of all time.
This method, as has been stated, has resulted in
great confusion concerning the divine program.
When that portion of the Bible which directly
applies to the present age has been discovered, that,
too, must be divided ; for the present time is a
period of mixture among the people of the earththe
saints of God tenting among the citizens of the
Satanic system, and having nothing in common with
them beyond the ordinary things of this earth
Again, that particular body of troth which applies
to the child of God in this age may be divided,
and a portion be called “positional trubh” because
it unfolds the believer’s present relation to
the Godhead, the heavenlies, and the present world :
while another portion may be known as “life
142 Satan
truth” because it specifically sets forth the believer’s
present responsibility in conduct and service,
and also includes the provisions of God whereby
the saved one may fully accomplish the whole will
of God. A partial study of life truth is reserved
for the next and last chapter, while this chapter
is to be devoted to the believer’s present position
and separation from the world.
The importance of positional truth is suggested
by the fact that in several contexts of the Scriptures
where it is treated, it precedes the statement
of life truth, forming the basis of its appeal.
As an illustration of this it may be seen that the
order of the doctrinal Epistles is first, to state a
great positional truth which is then followed by
an appeal for a life consistent with the truth revealed.
The first section of the book of Romans
(Chapters 1-S) sets forth the fact of salvation
which is the work of God alone. This is followed
(omitting the dispensational parenthesis of Chapters
g-11) by the closing section (Chapters 12-16),
which is a detailed description of the life a saved
person should live, and opens with this appeal:
“I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies
of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice,
holy, acceptable unto God, which is your
reasonable service. And be not conformed to this
world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of
your mind, that ye may prove what is that good,
and acceptable, and perfect, will of God.” So, in
the first section of the letter to the Ephesians
(Chapters l-3), the believer’s position is unfolded,
The Believer’s Present Position 143
and this is followed by a section (Chapters &6),
which is a series of injunctions for a heavenly walk.
This section opens as follows: “I therefore, the
prisoner of the Lord, beseech you that ye walk
worthy of the vocation wherewith ye are called,
with all lowliness and meekness, with longsuffering,
forbearing one another in love ; endeavoring to keep
the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace.” NO
appeal for faithfulness in the Christian life will
be found to be adequate or effective that does not
follow this same order, or that is not based upon
some revealed fact of the new life in Christ, It is
probable that the present neglect and disregard of
positional truth has, in spite of moral exhortation,
borne its legitimate fruit in a time-serving worldly
It is a beautiful example of the harmony of the
Scriptures that, while the evil of the present age
is so clearly described, the true child of God is
most carefully separated from its relationships, and
is seen to be in a position so independent of all the
authority of the world that he may walk with the
.Lord in unbroken communion and fellowship, even
while surrounded by this spiritual darkness. And,
though the ScripturaI statements as to the everincreasing
darkness of this age be rejected, no
meaning can be given to these passages which separate
the believer from this world without the recognition
of the black background of the failure and
sinfulness of this age. It is noticeable that the
modern systems take no notice of the difference between
the saved and the unsaved, as they also make
144 Satan
little of the future state. This is in accordance with
the fact that both of these truths are wholly dependent
upon regeneration; and that is the one
truth which false systems were originated by Satan
to resist.
The Bible presents the widest distinction between
the saved and the unsaved. The distinction is fundamental.
The Bible teaches that the unsaved are
dead in trespasses and sins, while the saved possess
a new divine life (Eph. 2: 1, 2) ; the unsaved are
energized by Satan (Eph. 2 : 2), while the saved
are energized by God (Phil. 2: 13) ; the unsaved
are in the power of darkness, while the saved are
translated into the kingdom of God’s dear Son
(Col. 1: 13) ; the unsaved are asleep in the arms
of the wicked one (1. John 5: 19), while the saved
are safe in the hand of God (John 10 : 29) and hid
in Christ (Cal. 3 : 3). It is significant that this
important body of truth never appears in any one
of the Satanic counterfeit systems of faith to-day.
The Christian has been placed in at least thirtythree
positions in his relation to God in salvation,
seven of which are considered here. Three to be
named concern his change from the darkness of
Satan to the light of God; two concern his relationship
to the heavenly sphere ; and two concern his
relationship to the Satanic order. A careful study
of all the passages in which the positions are unfolded
will reveal the great reality of redemption.*
1 A complete treatment of all the believer’s positions resulting
from the work of God in redemption will be found
in the author’s book, “Salvation.”
The Believer’s Present Position 145
The first divine movement toward the salvation
of an individual, after the prayer of intercession
through the Spirit, is illumination by the Spirit.
This same work is also mentioned as the “convicting”
or “convincing” of the Spirit. In this
part of the divine undertaking the blinding by
Satan is removed and the soul beholds, by divine
vision, the Lord of glory and the way into eternal
life through Him.
This illuminating work of the Spirit is mentioned
by Paul in his words to King Agrippa,
wherein he describes his own commission to service.
He claimed to have been appointed by the Lord
who spoke to him from the Glory. He relates that
by this commission he was sent “to open their
eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and
from the power of Satan unto God, that they may
receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among
them which are sanctified by faith that is in me”
(Acts 26: 18). This is the exact order of the
divine movements in redemption, The illumination
of the Spirit is placed before everything else.
There is probably no more neglected truth in modern
evangelism than this preliminary work of the
Spirit: yet it is the divine preparation for the
intelligent action of the human will, and if the
right choice is made it unveils the eyes for time
and eternity.
This important illuminating work of the Spirit
is more fully described in John 16: 8-11 as being
a revelation of the judgment, by the cross, of
all sin and condemnation ; the vision of the glori146
ous righteous Christ, now in heaven ; and the realization
of the sin of rejecting Him. The passage
is here given: “Nevertheless I tell you the truth ;
it, is expedient, for you that I go away: for if I
go not away, the Comforter will not come unto
you ; but if I depart, I will send him unto you.
And when he is come, he will reprove [convince]
the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of
judgment : of sin, because they believe not on me ;
of righteousness, because I go to my Father, and
ye see me no more ; of judgment, because the
prince of this world is judged.” The true child of
God is, then, one in whom the Spirit has wrought
in lifting the blinding by Satan and revealing to
some extent, even now, the surpassing glory of
Christ. Sin, too, has become a reality, and the
cross and the precious blood have become the basis
of his confidence toward his God.
Another revelation concerning the present position
of the believer is that he has partaken of the
divine nature through regeneration by the Spirit.
This truth is stated in many passages, a few of
which are here given: “But as many as received
him, to them gave he power to become the sons of
God, even to them that believe on his name: which
were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the
flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God” (John
1: 12) 13). “Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say
unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of
the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.
That which is born of the flesh is flesh ; and that
which is born of the Spirit is spirit. Marvel not
The Believer’s Present Position 147
that I said unto thee, Pe must be born again.
The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest
the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it
cometh, and whither it goeth: so is every one that
is born of the Spirit” (John 3 : 5-8). “ I am come
that they might have life, and that they might
have it more abundantly” (John 10 : 10). “For in
Christ Jesus neither circumcision availeth anything,
nor uncircumcision, but a new creature”
(Gal. 6: 15). “Not by works of righteousness
which we have done, but according to his mercy
he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and
renewing of the Holy Ghost” (Titus 3: 5).
“Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new
creature : old things are passed away; behold,
all things are become new” ( 2 C o r . 5:17).
“Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and
precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers
of the divine nature, having escaped the
corruption that is in the world through lust” (2
Pet. 1: 4).
The reality of this mighty transformation is in
no way evident in present visible things, but must
be accepted by faith. It is no less than a translation
from the kingdom of Satan into the kingdom
of Christ, “who hath dehvered us from the power
of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom
of his dear Son” (CoI. 1: 13). And by it
one is said to be delivered from this present evil : “Who gave himseIf for our sins, that he
mighi deliver us from this present evil world
[age]. According to the will of God and our
148 Satan
Father” (Gal. 1: 4), and, also, according to the
above passage, “to have escaped the corruption that
is in the world” (Satanic system).
The new life that is thus imparted is none other
than the very life of Christ: “Now if any man
have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his”
(Rom. 8: 9). “To whom God would make known
what is the riches of the glory of this mystery
among the Gentiles ; which is Christ in you, the
hope of glory” (Cal. 1: 27). “I live; yet not I,
but Christ liveth in me” (Gal. 2 : 20). “Examine
yourselves, whether ye be in the faith; prove your
own selves. Know ye not your own selves, how
that Jesus Christ is in you, except ye be reprobates?”
(2 Cor. 13:5).
The third great fact of the believer’s present position
in separation from this world is that the
Holy Spirit is given unto him, at the moment of
his regeneration, to indwell him, in place of the
energizing power of Satan who ‘ ‘worketh ” with energy
in the children of disobedience : “The love of
God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy
Ghost which is given unto us” (Rom. 5 : 5). “Now
we have received, not the spirit of the world, but
the Spirit which is of God ; that we might know
the things that are freely given to us of God” (1
Cor. 2 : 12). “What ? know ye not that your body
is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you,
which ye have of God, and ye are not your own?”
(1 Cor. 6: 19).
Another phase of the believer’s position is revealed
in the fact that he is said to be a citizen
The Believer’s Present Position 149
of heaven; his home center or citizenship having
been moved there from the earth. His name would,
therefore, appear only among the celestial beings,
in any true census of the universe. The reality of
this unseen relationship is brought out in several
passages : “For our citizenship is in heaven; from
whence also we wait for a Saviour, the Lord Jesus
Christ: who shall fashion anew the body of our
humiliation, that it may be conformed to the body
of his glory, according to the working whereby he
is able even to subject all things unto himself”
(Phil. 3:20, B. V.). “For ye know that if our
earthly house of this tabernacle were dissolved, we
have a building of God, an house not made with
hands, eternal in the heavens. For in this we
groan, earnestly desiring to be clothed upon with
our house which is from heaven: if so be that being
clothed we shall not be found naked. For
we that are in this tabernacle do groan, being burdened:
not for that we would be unclothed, but
clothed upon, that mortality might be swallowed
up of life. Now he that hath wrought us for the
selfsame thing is God, who also hath given unto
us the earnest of the Spirit. Therefore we are
always confident, knowing that, whilst we are at
home in the body, we are absent from the Lord:
(For we walk by faith, not by sight 🙂 we are confident,
I say, and willing rather to be absent from
the body, and to be present with the Lord” (2
Cor. 5: l-8).
Again, as to the believer’s position in that which
is termed in Ephesians “the heavenly pZaces,“–
I.50 Satan
though the supplying of the word “places” is
misleading. The meaning of the word “heavenly”
is not so much of locality as of experience: as is
indicated by the use of the same word in other
passages where the believer is said to be “heavenly”
in standing and relationship (Heb. 3 : 1; Eph. 2 : 6.
See also Matt. 18 : 35 ; John 3 : 12 ; 1 Cor. 15 : 48).
Dr. C. I. Scofield makes the following statement
on this important phase of the believer’s position:
“The Christian is ‘heavenly’ by calling (Heb.
3: l), by citizenship (Phil. 3 : 20), by inheritance
(1 Pet. 1. : 4) and by resurrection life (Eph. 2 : S),
as a member of that body of which the Head is actually
in heaven. The heavenly (or ‘in heavenly
places,‘) therefore, is the sphere of the believer’s
present association with Christ. This is shown
by the constant context, ‘in Christ Jesus.’ The
believer is now associated with Christ in life (Cal.
3: 4; 1 John 5 : 11, 12), position (Eph. 2: S), suffering
(Rom. 8:18; 2 Tim. 2: 11, 12; Col. 1:24;
Phil. 1: 29) ; service, (John 17 : 18 ; Matt. 28 : 18-
20), and betrothal (2 Cor. 11: 1-3).
“The believer is to be associated with Christ in
glory (John 17: 22; Rom. 8: 18; Cal. 3: 4), inheritance
(Rom. 8 : 17), authority (Matt. 19 : 28;
Rev. 3 : 21), and marriage (Eph. 5 : 22, 33 ; Rev.
19: l-9).
“The believer’s ‘spiritual blessings’ (Eph. 1: 3),
therefore, are to be possessed or experienced only
as he lives in the sphere of his joint life, joint
position, joint suffering, joint service and joint
marriage pledge with Christ. In so far as he lives
The Believer’s Present Position 151
as a natural man whose interests are earthly, and
avoids the path of co-service and (if need be) COsuffering,
he will know nothing experimentally of
the exalted blessing of Ephesians. ‘It is sufficient
that the servant be as his Master.’ Christ took
account of Himself as a heavenly Being come down
to earth to do His Father’s will. ” (Scofield Bible
Correspondence Course, Book 2; page 288.)
Thus it may be seen that the believer is not only
a citizen of heaven, but that he has also been
brought into a position where many privileges of
the heavenly experience are open to him.
In like manner, the believer’s position in relation
to this world is not only a separation from the
world by nature and purpose ; but he is also said to
be a stranger and a pilgrim among the inhabitants
of this dark age. “But ye are a chosen generation,
a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar
people ; that ye should shew forth the praises of
him who hath called you out of darkness into his
marvellous light: which in time past were not a
people, but are now the people of God: which had
not obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy.
Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and
pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war
against the soul; having your conversation honest
among the Gentiles” (1 Pet. 2 : 9-12). The
same expression of “strangers and pilgrims” is
used, also, in regard to the faith descendants of
Abraham : “These all died in faith, not having
received the promises, but having seen them afar
0% and were persuaded of them, and embraced
I.52 Satan
them, and confessed that they were strangers and
pilgrims on the earth” (IIeb. 11: 13). This same
wide difference between the people of this world
and the people of God is also stated in passages
where the world is understood to be the system over
which Satan now rules: “He that loveth his life
shall lose it; and he that hateth his life in this
world [Satanic system] shall keep it, unto life eternal”
(John 12: 25). “Ye adulterers and adulteresses,
know ye not that the friendship of t,he world
is enmity with God? whosoever therefore will be a
friend of the world [Satanic systewb] is the enemy
of God” (Jas. 4:4). “Love not the world [Satank
system], neither the things that are in the
world. If any man love the world, the love of the
Father is not in him. For all that is in the world,
the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and
the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the
world. And the world passeth away, and the lust
thereof: but he that doeth the will of God abideth
forever” (1 John 2 : 15-17).
The word “lust” constantly used in description
of the Satanic system has a much larger meaning in
the Scriptures than its present popular use, where
it refers only to that which is sensual. In these
quoted passages it refers to the whole Satan-inspired
ambition of humanity, and includes their
principle of self-help, and their struggle for all
that is highest and best to them. The lust of the
world is unlawful, because it disregards the truth
of God ; and it is related to that which is physical,
The Believer’s Present Position 153
because it magnifies the tiite being and its resources.
Two other striking passages concerning the relation
of the believer to the world are here given:
“Herein is our love made perfect, that we may
have boldness in the day of judgment: because as
he is, so are we in this world [Satanic system] ”
(1 John 4:17). “As thou hast sent me into the
world [Satanic system], even so have I also sent
them into the world [Satanic system] ” (John
17: 18).
The last revelation concerning the believer’s position
to be mentioned here, is in regard to his
service for the world. The unbounded love of God
has called him into fellowship with Christ in the
great work of this age ; and in that connection he
is under commission to evangelize, by a process of
witnessing, to the uttermost parts of the world.
The language of the inspired Book describes such
witnesses as “Ambassadors for Christ”: “Now
then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God
did beseech you by us: we pray you in Christ’s
stead, be ye reconciled to God” (2 Cor. 5 : 20).
And the ambassador’s message is also given in the
next verse of the same passage: “For he hath
made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that
we might be made the righteousness of God in
him” (we who knew no righteousness).
Nowhere does the saint need more definite teaching
of the Spirit than in regard to the relation
he sustains to this world. In spite of the similar154
ity of his earth-life to that of the world’s people,
he must reckon himself to be dead in Christ and
raised to newness of life. Expecting the world to
misunderstand him and even to hate him, he must
wisely walk before them who are “without.” He
is called upon to “use this world but not to abuse
i t ” ; and that which is of itself pure and good may
become undesirable to him at times, because its use
would further the interests of Satan.
Some have taken the extreme position of assigning
to Satan the material universe and everything
that is in the world to-day, not recognizing the
fact that no material or physical thing is evil of
itself. God created all things good. Satan has
created nothing, and his present relation to the
world is only as a permitted usurper who appropriates
and devastates the things of God in the
interests of his own ambition. IIe is the file-leader
in a great rebellion against the government of
God ; but the natural universe belongs primarily to
God, the Creator; and by title of inheritance, it
belongs also, to the child of God, as it is written,
“Therefore let no man glory in men. For all
things are yours ; whether Paul, or Apollos, or
Cephas, or the world, or life, or death, or things
present, or things to come ; all are yours ; and ye
are Christ’s ; and Christ is God’s” (1 Cor. 3:
21-23). Yet, since Satan is making use of many
good things to cover his evil purpose, the child of
God must, for the present, discern the hidden evil
and in loyalty to his Lord reject everything that
may further the workings of Satan. The Bible is
The Believer’s Present Position 155
very clear on this point, and discusses one issue as
an example of all similar issues. This discussion in
Scripture is about food which of itself is perfectly
good, but may be a means of great harm when associated
with the purposes of evil. The passages
are as follows: “Let us not therefore judge one
another any more: but judge this rather, that no
man put a stumbling block or an occasion to fall in
his brother’s way. I know, and am persuaded by
the Lord Jesus, that there is nothing unclean of
itself: but to him that esteemeth anything to be
unclean, to him it is unclean. But if thy brother
be grieved with thy meat, now walkest thou not
charitably. Destroy not him with thy meat, for
whom Christ died. Let not then your good be evil
spoken of: for the kingdom of God is not meat and
drink; but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the
Holy Ghost. For he that in these things serveth
Christ is acceptable to God, and approved of men.
Let us therefore follow after the things which make
for peace, and things wherewith one may edify another.
For meat destroy not the work of God. All
things indeed are pure; but it is evil for that man
who eateth with offence. It is good neither to eat
flesh, nor to drink wine, nor anything whereby thy
brother stumbleth, or is offended, or is made weak”
(Rom. 14: 13-21). “What say I then4 that the
idol is anything, or that which is offered in sacrifice
to idols is anything? But I say, that the
things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice
to devils and not to God: and I would not that ye
should have fellowship with devils. Ye cannot
156 Satan
drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils:
ye cannot be partakers of the Lord’s table, and of
the table of devils. Do we provoke the Lord to
jealousy4 are we stronger than he8 All things are
lawful for me, but all things are not expedient:
all things are lawful for me, but all things edify
not. Let no man seek his own, but every man another’s
wealth. Whatsoever is sold in the shambles,
that eat, asking no question for conscience
sake: for the earth is the Lord’s, and the fulness
thereof. If any of them that believe not bid you
to a feast, and ye be disposed to go; whatsoever
is set before you, eat, asking no question for eonscience
sake. But if any man say unto you, This is
offered in sacrifice unto idols, eat not for his sake
that shewed it, and for conscience sake: for the
earth is the Lord’s and the fulness thereof: conscience,
I say, not thine own, but of the other: for
why is my liberty judged of another man’s conscience
? For if I by grace be a partaker, why am
I evil spoken of for that for which I give thanks?
Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever
ye do, do all to the glory of God. Give none offence,
neither to the Jews, nor to the Gentiles, nor
to the church of God: even as I please all men in
all things, not seeking mine own profit, but the
profit of many, that they may be saved” (1 Cor.
10 : 1933).
The question becomes a practical one, in view of
the present progress in discovery, science, and psychology,
A theory must not be rejected because it
The Believer’s Present Position I57
is new or mysterious ; for the marvellous inventions
of the age are often as useful in spreading the Gospel
as in furthering the interests of Satan. The
newly acquired knowledge of the universe may be
as valuable to the progress of good as to the advancement
of evil.
There can be but one final test as to what shall
be accepted and what shall be rejected, and that
must be made by the individual alone before God
(Rom. 14: 22). In connection with any such question
we may ask, “Is the real work of redemption
hindered, or its true basis rejected? Is this a direct
denial of the truth, by which souls will be hindered,
or is it a counterfeit which may decoy them
away from their only hope in the priceless blood
of the cross?” Beyond this, a child of God may
safely be “all things to all men that he may save
some. ”
The Christian can see more of beauty in the
world, make larger use of its learning, and more
fully appreciate its good, than can the children of
this age: yet he must now, above all things else, be
content with his limited commission, and be jealous
for the interests of his Lord. Much of his present
perplexity would be relieved if he could but realize
that he is temporarily tenting where an enemy
rules, and where he is the object of that enemy’s
fiery darts, yet hedged about by the omnipotence
of God; called to bear the one message of rcdemption
by the cross, in the capacity and hidden dignity
of an ambassador from the throne of the Most
158 Satan
High ; even now possessing a glory which shall soon
be unveiled in the presence of his Lord; and waiting
for that morning when his Lord shall come
again and receive him unto Himself.
The Christian’s position, then, is one of absolute
security because of his vital union with Christ, the
infinite power of the Spirit, and the unfailing grace
of God. Yet it is permitted that the child of God
shall be the target of the “fiery darts of the wicked
one.” It is revealed that, to some extent, his present
strength and future reward are the result of
this unceasing warfare. The contlict is real ; but
beyond it all there is the revelation that these eternal
positions can never be moved. If they depended
in the slightest degree upon the merit of
any man they could never be attained, and much
less maintained. They remain because they are
founded on the unchanging and unchangeable
Person of the Lord Jesus Christ.
AN exalted position is usually accompanied by
great responsibility. This is certainly true,
according to the Scriptures, in the case of the believer
in his heavenly position. For when he is
seen as a citizen of heaven, and a partaker of those
associations, he is also required both by Scripture
and by reason to “walk worthy of the calling
wherewith he is called.” The stat,ement of these
heavenly demands upon the child of God forms a
distinct body of truth, and there are at least three
such bodies of truth in the Bible, each appearing as
a rule of conduct for some special people in some
particular time. The Mosaic Law was given primarily
to God’s ancient people through Moses ; but
it has a message still, as it reflect.s the holiness of
God and prepares for the salvation which is in
Christ. In like manner the “Sermon on the
Mount” with the injunctions of John the Baptist
and the early teachings of Christ were given with
the coming kingdom age in view and, therefore,
form an important revelation in regard to that time
when “all shall know the Lord from the least unto
the greatest.” Though there are some common
principles running through all these separate teach-
160 Satan
iags, those Scriptures which apply directly to the
people of this parenthetical age of the Church will
be found only in portions of the Gospels, and in the
Epistles of the New Testament.
No appreciation of the provisions of God for a
victorious life can be had until the demands which
the believer’s position imposes are realized. T h e s e
demands are in no way the standards of the world,
for the believer is not only a citizen of heaven in
position, but is called upon even now to fulfil all
the standards of that sphere. As an illustration of
this fact, a few of these heavenly ideals and injunctions
are given here: “I beseech you thercfore,
brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye prcsent
your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable
unto God, which is your reasonable service” (Rom.
12: 1). “Rejoice evermore. Pray without ceasing.
In everything give thanks: for this is the
will of God in Christ Jesus concerning you.” . . .
“Abstain from all appearance of evil” (1 Thes.
5:16-18, 22). “But the fruit of the Spirit is love,
joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness,
faith, meekness, temperance: against such there is
no law” (Gal. 5: 22, 23). “I therefore, the prisoner
of the Lord, beseech you that ye walk worthy
of the vocation wherewith ye are called, with all
lowliness and meekness, with longsuffering, forbearing
one another in love ; endeavouring to keep
the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace”
(Eph. 4: l-3). “And grieve not the Holy Spirit
of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption”
(Eph. 4: 30). “Wherefore be ye not
The Believer’s Present Victory 161
unwise, but understanding what the will of the
Lord is. And be not drunk with wine, wherein is
excess ; but be filled with the Spirit; speaking to
yourselves in psalms and hymns and spiritual
songs, singing and making melody in your heart
to the Lord; giving thanks always for all things
unto God and the Father in the name of our Lord
Jesus Christ” (Eph. 5: 17-20). “Wherefore take
unto you the whole armour of God, that ye may be
able to withstand in the evil day, and having done
all, to stand” (Eph. 6: 13). “If ye then be risen
with Christ, seek those things which are above,
where Christ sitteth on the right hand of God.
Set your affection on things above, not on things
on the earth” (Col. 3: 1, 2).
These requirements are evidently heavenly in
character, and demand nothing less than that which
is becoming to that sphere. They are, therefore,
beyond human strength; for what human power is
able to “give thanks always for all things”? Or
to avoid grieving the Holy Spirit? Who can be
. filled with the Spirit, or rejoice in tribulation? In
fact, these demands are often treated as impractical
ideals, rather than present requirements ; while in
reality they binding on every child of God. T o
fail in them at any point, will not unsave one (Rom.
4: 5) ; but that failure will profane the heavenly
citizenship, dishonor God in whose grace he is
standing (Rom. 5 : 2)) and give the enemy occasion
to accuse the brethren before God ; for Satan judges
the Christian according to the basis of the heavenly
ideals rather than according to the standards of
162 Satan
earth. No one can contemplate these impossible
responsibilities without a sense of utter helplessness
and insufficiency.
Again, the believer must not only meet the impossible
demands of a heavenly position, but he is
called upon to face a world-ruling foe, who with all
his kingdom and power is seeking to break and mar
that life into which the divine nature has been received.
The revelation that Satan is going about
as a roaring lion, seeking whom he may devour,
presents a truth that should disarm the believer
of all self-confidence and cause him to dread, above
all things else, the subtle devices of this foe. In
this connection Eph. 6: 10-12, R. V., may well be
restated : “Finally, brethren, be strong in the
Lord, and in the strength of his might. Put on
the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to
stand against the wiles of the devil. For our
wrestling is not against flesh and blood, but against
the principalities, against the powers, against the
world rulers of this darkness, against the spiritual
host of wickedness in the heavenlies. ” In view of
this opposition of Satan, it is still more evident that
the recluirements of the Christian life are beyond
any human power.
So, also, there is a fallen human nature within
the child of God which is prone to dishonor God,
and is itself beyond the control of the human will.
This important and much misunderstood truth is
taken up at length in Rom. 7: 14-25 : “For we
know that the law is spiritual : but I am carnal, sold
under sin. For that which I do I allow not: for
The Believer’s Present Victory 163
what I would, that do I not; but what I hate, that
do I. If then I do that which I would not,, I consent
unto the law that it is good. Now then it is
no more I that do it, but sin that dwelleth in me.
For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh), dwelleth
no good thing: for to will is present with me ;
but how to perform that which is good I find not.
For the good that I would I do not: but the evil
which I would not, that I do. Now if I do that I
would not, it is no more I that do it, but sin that
dwelleth in me. I find then a law, that, when I
would do good, evil is present with me. For I delight
in the law of God after the inward man: but
I see another law in my members, warring against
the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity
to the law of sin which is in my members.
0 wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me
from the body of this death? I thank God through
Jesus Christ our hOrd. So then with the mind I
myself serve the law of God; but with the flesh the
law of sin.”
This battle between the old nature and the new
is, then, never gained for God by human power or
by religious exercise: but through the power of the
indwelling Spirit alone.
Thus the believer, as he contemplates his heavenly
responsibility, is confronted with a threefold impossibility.
First, the heavenly position demands
a manner of life which is beyond any human possibility.
Second, the enemy is stronger than he, and
can thwart every resolution. Third, the believer’s
fallen nature entices him to do positive evil when
he would do good. Notwithstanding this threefold
impossibility, there is a clear call to a victorious
life, wherein every thought is brought into captivity
to the obedience of Jesus Christ (2 Cor.
10 : 5), and if the believer fails by one degree, he
will dishonor the God who has called him.
Where, then, is the relief from this dilemma ?
It is found only in the power of the Spirit. God
has provided a complete salvation from the dominion
and power of evil, which is a real victory-the
only victory for the believer in this present life and
conflict. It is a second form or tense of salvation,
for it is possible to be saved from the condemnation
and penalty of sin, and still to be under its dominion
and power. Salvation from the power of the
world, the flesh, and the devil, may be secured as
freely and completely as the salvation from the
penalty of sin, and on the same terms ; yet its terms
and conditions are so unlike the methods of the
world that often it seems unreal, even to Christians.
No instructed person expects to be free from
condemnation, or justified before God, by virtue of
his moral character; nor can there be freedom from
the power of sin by virtue of the resolutions of the
human will. Though the Christian life is impossible
to human strength, it is within the power of
God; and He offers to supply all that He requires,
even to the measure of a completely victorious life.
Since it is necessarily a divine undertaking, the
human part can be no more than an attitude of
expectation or faith toward God,-an attitude
which reckons self to be helpless, and God alone to
The Believer’s Present Victory 165
be sufficient. It is a perpetual realization of the
principle of faith and, therefore, at every point
contradicts Satan’s principle of self-help.
Here, as in every human effort to be God-like,
Satan’s ideals and methods are so thrust upon the
world that the natural dependence of the creature
upon the Creator is made to seem to be a weak and
unreasonable thing. In spite of the teachings of
Scripture, this worldly mind has found a place in
the church. It is often as difficult to inspire true
expectation toward God in the Christian mind in
the matter of daily victory, as it is to move the selfrighteous
and self-sufficient sinner to believe on
Christ for regeneration.
True dependence upon the sufficiency of God is
thus born through a vision of the utter inability
of the natural man to meet the demands of the
heavenly citizenship. The world-citizen may wrestle
against flesh and blood to realize his moral
ideals ; but he has no heavenly standards to fulfil,
no mighty foe to face, and no conflict of natures.
Therefore, his low ideals may often be reached by
virtue of his own resolution and will. Especially
will this method be adequate for t,he unregenerate,
because the energizing power of Satan is working
in him to cause him both to will and to do the purpose
of Satan (Eph. 2: 2) ; but the faith principle
is the only possible way to victory for the child of
God, and it must be faith alone.
As the soul may be eternally lost, while calling
upon God to help him save himself; so the saint
who only seeks the assistance of God in the exer166
cise of his own power toward a correct manner of
life, may be constantly a dishonor to God. The
principles of faith and of works can no more be
mixed in the one case than in the other. They
both present human impossibilities and, therefore,
demand the power of God. The Scriptures are
clear on this point, both in precept and example:
First, the power of God is the believer’s sufficiency
for meeting the heavenly demands: “ F o r
it is God which worketh in you both to will and to
do of his good pleasure” (Phil. 2: 13). “Not that
we are sufficient of ourselves to think anything as
of ourselves: but our sufficiency is of God” (2 Cor.
3:s). “Put by the grace of God I am what I am:
and his grace which was bestowed upon me was
not in vain; but I laboured more abundantly than
they all: yet not I, but the grace of God which was
with me” (1 Cor. 15: 10). “Are ye so foolish?
having begun in the Spirit, are ye now made perfect
by the flesh?” (Gal. 3: 3). “Finally my
brethren, be strong in the Lord, and in the power
of his might” (Eph. 6: 10). The latter passage is
but the natural culmination of the whole revelation
of the believer’s citizenship and its responsibilities.
Therefore, the final counsel is to be strong in the
Lord and in the power of His might.
Second, the conflict with the enemy can be a victory
only by the power of God. A remarkable
revelation is given in the Scriptures of the attitude
of the angels toward Satan, and this a.ttitude may
well be considered by fallen man. In Jude 9,
The Believer’s Present Victory 167
Michael, the archangel, is seen in controversy with
Satan over the body of Moses. There is no revelation
as to the time or the occasion of this controversy.
It is stated that Moses was buried in secret
and was later seen in his transfigured and glorified
body, so that it is possible that the removal of
the body of Moses from the domain of Satan was
the occasion referred to here. The passage is aa
follows : “Yet Michael, the archangel, when contending
with the devil he disputed about the body
of Moses, durst not bring against him a railing
accusation, but said, The Lord rebuke thee. ” In
like manner in 2 Pet. 2: 10, the false teachers of
the end of this age are said to disregard the heavenly
powers (evidently evil) which angels dare not
d o . “But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in
the lust of uncleanness, and despise government.
Presumptuous are they, self willed, they are not
afraid to speak evil of dignities. Whereas angels,
which are greater in power and might, bring not
railing accusation against them before the Lord. ”
There is probably a just regard, on the part of the
angelic beings, for the fact that Satan is the
“anointed” of God (Ezek. 28 : 14)) as David would
not lift up his hand against Saul because he was
the “Lord’s anointed” (1 Sam. 24: 6). Christ is
said to be anointed (Ps. 2 : 2) ; so also is the believer
(1 John 2 : 27). But it is also shown here
that the wisdom and strength of even Michael, the
archangel, and all other celestial beings, is never
lifted in confkt with Satan. They rely only upon
168 Satan
the same power that is promised the believer, and
well may the believer be instructed by their example.
There are two passages where the child of God is
directed to resist the devil. The context, however,
in both passages warns him that it must be in utter
dependence upon the power of God. He must be
wholly submitted to God and it must be done
through a steadfastness of faith. The passages are
as foIlows : “Submit yourselves therefore to God.
Resist the devil, and he will flee from you” (Jas.
4: 7). “Be sober, be vigilant ; because your adversary
the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about,
seeking whom he may devour: whom resist steadfast
in the faith” (1 Pet. 5: 8, 9). And the faith
principle is mentioned among the believer’s armor
in Eph. 6: 16 as the “shield of faith” by which all
the fiery darts of the enemy are to be quenched.
Third, true character may be realized by the
power of God, in spite of the tendency of the fallen
nature. This character, however, is that which is
directly promised by the power of God: “But the
fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering,
gentleness, goodness, faith, meekness, temperance”
(Gal. 5:22, 23). “For the fruit of the Spirit is
in all goodness and righteousness and truth” (Eph.
5:9). “Ye are of God, little children, and have
overcome them : because greater is he that is in you,
than he that is in the world” (1 John 4: 4). Thus
the true God-honoring character is seen to be the
result of the power of God, and it is only possible
to the one who has “ceased from his own labors
The Believer’s Present Victory 169
and has entered into rest.” “This is the victory
that overcometh the world, even our faith” (1 John
5 : 4). This victory demands a constant exercise of
faith. Faith is never finished here, and any true
progress in the Christian life is “from faith to
faith,” and it is also said of the one whom God
has constituted just that he shall “live by faith.”
It should be remembered that the conflict is really
between Christ and Satan. “Greater is he that
is in you than he that is in the world.” The
Christian’s victory is gained by faith in Him.
The same objection is often raised against the
application of the faith principle as a means to the
consummation of a victorious life, as is raised
against the same principle for regeneration. In
this objection it is inferred that when this method
is adopted, there is no adequate incentive or motive
left for the individual. Such objections arise
from a misunderstanding of this truth.
It is useless to undertake the impossible in any
case; and in the matter of salvation from the
penalty of sin, the only work which it is possible
for God to accept as the ground of redemption is
that which is already undertaken and fully completed
by Christ on the cross. By this finished
work the believer is provided with a perfect standing
before God, and is raised to the exalted position
of an ambassador for Christ. That privilege of
service does not affect the grounds of his salvation,
but opens to him the glorious possibility of rewards
(1 Cor. 3: 9-E). In the question of salvation
from the power of sin, the human will may be em170
ployed as an instrument through which the power
of God may be manifested. The following passages
reveal how directly He proposes to be the real
power in the believer’s life: “For it is God which
worketh in you both to will and to do of his good
pleasure” (Phil. 2: 13). “For though we walk
in the flesh, we do not war after the flesh: (For
the weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but
mighty through God to the pulling down of strongholds
😉 casting down imaginations, and every high
thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of
God, and bringing into captivity every thought to
the obedience of Christ” (2 Cor. 10: 3-5). “I can
do all things through Christ which strengtheneth
me” (Phil. 4 : 13). “For apart from me ye can do
nothing” (John 15 : 5).
It is assumed that the believer has recognized the
perfectness of the will of God and has thrown his
whole being open to His power and guidance. A s
a little child may avail himself of the wisdom and
experience of his parents through obedience, so the
believer has become willing to do whatever the
infinite wisdom and love of God may choose for
him. When thus committed to the will of God, and
in true faith depending on Him, the mighty power
of the Spirit will work in him and through him to
the glory of God. “This I say then, Walk in the
Spirit, and ye shall not fulfil the lust of the flesh”
(Gal. 5 : 16). “For the law of the Spirit of life in
Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin
and death” (Rom. 8 : 2). Salvation in any form
The Believer’s Present Victory 171
is, therefore, “not of works, lest any man should
boast. ” l
It remains to be seen, in view of the perilous
position of the believer in the enemy’s land, that
God has not only provided every needed force for
conquest and victory, but has given positive promises
for the security of the one whom He has received
on the ground of the shed blood of Christ,
“Ha& not thou made an hedge about him, and
about his house, and about all that he hath on every
side?” (Job 1:lO). “My Father, which gave
them me, is greater than all ; and no man [notbing] ,
is able to pluck them out of my Father’s hand”
(John 10 : 29). “There hath no temptation taken
you but such as is common to man: but God is
faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above
that ye are able; but will with the temptation also
make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear
it” (1 Cor. 10:13). “Who shall lay anything to
the charge of God’s elect? It is God that justifieth.
Who is he that condemneth 1 It is Christ
that died, yea, rather that is risen again, who is
even at the right hand of God, who also maketh
intercession for us. Who shall separate us from
the love of Christ? shall tribulation, or distress, or
persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or
sword? As it is written, For thy sake we are
killed all the day long; we are accounted as sheep
for the slaughter. Nay, in all these things we are
lThe Bible teaching concerning the power of God in the
life of the believer is fully presented in the Author’s book,
“He That Is Spiritual.”
172 Satan
more than conquerors through him that loved
us. For I am persuaded that neither death, nor
life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor
things present, nor things to come, nor height, nor
depth, nor any other creature, shall he able to separate
us from the love of God, which is in Christ
Jesus our Lord. ”
An Appeal.
This book will have accomplished its mission if
you, its reader, are by it made more conscious of
what it means to be translated from the power of
darkness into the kingdom of God’s dear Son. Will
you not be more sure of your saving faith in Christ
than of any other fact in your life, since upon this
faith your eternity depends?
On the other hand, if you know you are saved,
the ministry of this book has been accomplished if
by its message you know more of the devices of the
enemy of God, and are able to enter more intelligently
into the way of escape which grace has provided.
“Now unto him that is able to keep you from falling,
and to present you faultless before the presence
of his glory with exceeding joy, to the only
wise God our Saviour, be glory and majesty, dominion
and power, both now and ever, Amen.”
Age o f grace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age o f l a w . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..!23. 12
AW . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Agee are testings of m..a..n…………………………………………………
..“l-~ 9”
. .
An Appeal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 7 2
Authority of Satan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10. 75-7.7
Believer’s fallen nature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162, 163
Believer’s foe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 6 2
Believer’s manner of life . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..160. 1 6 1
Believer’s present position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 4 1 – 1 5 x
Believer’s present victory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..159-17 2
Believer’8 threefold impossibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162-164
Believing unfulfilled prophecy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Blood, the ground of salvation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..120-1. 27
cheer of satan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..3-2 0
Central truth of the faith . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 3
Ohristian’s obligation tc the world . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..154-15 3
Christian Science . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..130. 131
Uhrist’e return . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Churches without Christ
..32-36. 125-127
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..135-13 7
Counterfeit of Trinity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0 5 – 1 1 0
Counterfeit substitutes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..128-14 0
Clounterfeita of the truth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 5 – 9 3 . 1 1 1
Course of the age . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..37-4 3
Creation of Satan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 – 7
Descriptions of Satan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Demon possession . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..65-67 ii
Demons are wicked . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 7
Demons in the last days
Demons. not “devils”
………………………………………………….. ..“7-.t
. . .
Demons, their motives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 9
Demons. their service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Divisions of Scripture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 4 1 . 1 4 4
Doctrine Satanic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1 2
Earliest revelation8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Enemies of Christ today ………
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Enemies of the cro8~ . . .
Enmity of Satan toward b.e..l.i.e.v..e.r.s……………………………..
. . .
Error covered by truth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Faith and works contrasted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fallen angels
. . 1 6 5 . 1 6 6 , 16s
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
False systems of doctrine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130-12:
False teachers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2
Five “I willa” of Satan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 . 1 3
God imitated by Satan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7;
Qod’s power in salvation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 0
&d’s power is sufficient . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166
God 8aves through faith 810~0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Index of Subjects
Heavenly citizenship
HeavenIy pIaces
..*…………,…………….y$ ;5”1
. . . . . . . . . . *. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..*…….
High ideals apart from Ohrlst . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . …13&38
How resist the Devil . . . . . . . . . . .,. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168
Human efforts fail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164. lf3f
Inidel, the word obsolete . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .” . . .
Israel and the Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..27. 2”:
Jews not cast oI.7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Kingdom of God . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Kingdom of hesven . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Kingdom not a process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Kingdom promised . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
King of Tyrus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Last day condltm. n. n. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87-93
Last days of the Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Life eternal bestowed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ‘g&g
Life struggle of Satan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Life truth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 4 2
Looking for Christ’8 return . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..125-12 7
Lust, Ita meanmg . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . .. . .. . .. . .. . .. . .. . .. . 152
Man dependent on God
Man of Sin . ………………………………………………………….
..A; i
Man of Sin, his titles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0 3
Man of Sin prophesied . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . .. . . . . . 94-110
Millennial Dswnism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..133. 134
Ministers of Satan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90-92
Miracles in Satan’s power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..105-107. 129
Modern devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125-140
New theology 1.34, 135
New Thoughtlam . .
~………………………………..132. 133
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Omission of the cross . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..118-12 4
Order of events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30, 95, 99-101
Order of Gentile governments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..31-3 6
Order of truth in grace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..142-14 $
Parables of Matthew thirteen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..40-4 2
Paul’s ambition . . . . . . . ..:.: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2
Perilous position of the Chnatmn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 7 1
Person and work of Christ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1 8
Positional truth
Pragmatism ap
Pragmatism de ned . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 3 8
Purpose of this age . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 9
Regeneration by the Spirit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..146-14 8
Religion used by Satan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..114-116. 130
Religion cannot save . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1 5
Return of Christ, S&an’s attitude . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..125-12 7
Satanic system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Satanic system and Christ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . “. “%
Satanic system and property . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59, 60
Satanic system and war . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Satanic host . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62-Z
Index of Subjects
Sstsnio system. its ideals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Satanio system, ita limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 zi
Satanic system, Satan its heed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . d2-54
Satanic system. wholly evil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . 64-57
fj*t*n * Ereeture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Satan and the unsaved . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43-48, 73, 14, A46
Satan created erfect
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Satan judged, ut not executed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15,
Satan not in hell . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Satan subject to God . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166
Satan’s &tack upon Adam . . . . . . .. . . … . … . . .. . . . . . .. 13-15
Sat&s attack upon Christ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-15
Satan’s attack upon the line of seed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Satan’s authority incomplete . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..50. 5 1
Satan’s crime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-8, 12-14
Batan’s execution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1
Satan’s 51181 judgment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..16. 1 9
Setan’s judgment in the cro68 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14, 15
Satan’s hope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . … .. .. … .. … .. . . 1 7
Setan’s limitation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 0
Satan’s methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..80-93. 1 1 1
Satan’s method adapted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..84-3 6
Satan’s mission 88 crested . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-E
Satan’s moral fall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1
Satan’s motive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .71-79
Satan’8 power over humanity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..67. 6 8
Satan’s present abode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . a-11
Satan’s purpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sstan’s throne
73, 20”
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Saved and unsaved contrasted
Spirit given . . . . . …………………………………………….
..144. ;;;
Spirit’s illuminstmn
.. . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145, 146
Spiritism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..13 1, 132
The fatal omission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111-124
The new situation . . . . .
Tbe world and Satan’s id..e..a…l.s……………………………………..
.l:Ll. 140
. . 7 4
Three meanings to the word “world” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21, 2 2
Three periods in Daniel nine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96-98
Time of tribulation
Titles, 8. part of counte..r..f.e..i..t…………………………………………….
Tribulstmn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tribulation and Christians . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.1.s. . ‘l.*. . “. ‘-is
Translation errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21, 22, 62
Truth in part accepted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..84. 8 5
Two activities of Satan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 0
Two Edena . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Two errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Two important meetings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Two lines of seed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Two orders of beings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Two plans of salvation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
Two programa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78, 112-114
Two theories contrasted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..42. 48
Usurper to the throne . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15. 16
Unsaved related to Satnn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43-48
Value of primsry truth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 4 0
Valne of secondary truth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 4 0
Victory by the Spirit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164
Index of Subjects
Victory over sin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..168. 169
Why evil is permitted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
World rejectmn of thn cram
.16, 17, 50, 71
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Worship of Yatm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Index of Scripture Texts
Genesis PAas
1:1,2 ………….. a
la:16 …………… 2 7
15:5 ……………. 2 7
Ezekiel PAOl
28:11-19 . . . . . . . . . . . .
28:14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16!:
26:16 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
17:7 . . . . . . . . . . …75. 129
2: …………….. 100
2:34-35 ………… ai
2:44 …………… 99
;i 44g46
………… 100
..lOO. 101
………… 99
79: 223r2:
………… 101
Qi 24-i7′ ‘.’.’.’.’.’.’.’.’.’s’s’ 10′:
11:36 …. ………. . 100
…… ..102. 110
……….. ..20. 98
: .,…..,…….. 76
l EY1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167
1 Chronioleu
21:l . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2 Chroniclea
11:15 . . . . . . . . . …76. 129
1:6 …………….
l:Q-12 …………. 5:
1:10 …………… 171
as:7 … .h ……….. 8
2:2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167
5s” :::::::::::::::: 1;;
48:l . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
68:15 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . :
2:2 . . ..I……….. 64
11 i 68-9
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
11: 12
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
. . . . . . . . . …*..
14:2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . …7. 12
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6a:l . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12″:
,…………. 121
65:17-2i’:::::::::::: ;Z
31: 33,34
. . . . . . . . . . . .
. . ..*……. 885
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ::
4:3,4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
?2190’ l1
. . . . . . . . . . . 34
: .*………… 3 4
Matt8h: ew
iI …………………………
r2; 9………..17.
Index of Scripture Texts
?da;;he4; (continued) Paw*
ZS~lS-ii.:::::::::::: 1804
as:20 ……….. .24, ai3
2 219c25
5jl-19 …………..
…………. 67
pi5 …………..
7i21 ii**:::::::::::
9:20….:. ………. i::
……. ..16.
1:70 …………… 2 2
4:5,8 ………….. 103
4:5-7 ………….. 6.9
4:7 ……………. 69
lo:8 ……………. 11
13:16 …………… 6 7
16:R ……………. 2 4
21:24 …………… 3 1
22:31 …………… 68
22:31,82 ………… 9
John PAOlD
1:12.13 ………… 146
1:29 …………… 121
a:5-8 ………….. 147
3:12 …………… 150
8:lE ………. ..10. 55
5:43 …………… 108
…….. ..7. 43, 63
…………… 147
lo:29 ……
..47. 144, 171
…………… 162
12:31 ………. ..15. 62
14:SO ………. ..62. 66
15:5 ……………. 170
16:H-11 …………. 145
18:ll 52
………. ..16.
…………… 81
17:15 …………… 82
3:21′::::::::::::::: ii
R:6,7 ………….. 65
13:10 ::::::::::::::: ii;
x:13-18 ……. ..28. 2 9
15:14 …………… 26
15:18 …………… 26
…………… 1::
………. ..87. 128
…………… 4 4
Rom8an;-~oontinued) P&m
s;lo-lK …………………….
f5,” i ………… 81, 5:1h,lj). ……… …
3: 17
12:1 .:
12:2 ……………
…………… 167
…………… 26
1 Corinthians
1:lQ ……………
2:12 ……. ..87. 12987
…………… 148
3:9-16 ……. ..60. 92
3:21-23′:::::::::::: 11;:
;: $8 …….. …18. 28
10:13 ::::::::::::::: 1’7″;
12:6 . .
………….. 47
a5 …………
…………… 1″;
…………… 160
4:3,4 ……… ..47. 65
5:17 …………… 147
5:20 …………… 163
6:21 …………… 121
10:3-6 ……………………….. 1 %
10:6 ……………. 184
11~1-3 ………….. 160
11:13-16 …………
……………. 5R
13:6 ……………. 148
Index of Scripture Texts
1:’29 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
2:13 . ..44. 144, 166, 170
3:x3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
3: 20 . . . . …113. 149. 150
4:13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170
1:13 . . . . . …67. 144.
1:24 ……………
1:27 ……………
1:29 ……………
2:13-15 …………
3:3 …………….
3:4 ………. ..133.
3:6 …………….
4 4
1 yglgiana
……. ..27. 95
5:4.6 ………….. 127
6:16-l&22 …….. 160
2 ~;myiy
…… ..108. 104
…… ..70. 94, 108
l Tzt: h,z . . . . . . . . …70. 89
2 Timothy
. . . . . . . . . . . . 19″‘:
3:2 ..:::::::::::::: 1:;
&qJ2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
3:13 ..*…………
c:a,a*:::::::::::::: 1327
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . a 4
.a………….. 147
3:1 .::::::::::::::: 15507
. . . . . . . . . . . . 121
11:13 . …::::::::::: 1’5″;
1:14,15 . . . . . . . . . . . .
2:lQ :::::::I:::::::
44,: 7″ . . . . . . . . . . . . .m, 18aa
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163
1 Peter
. . . . . ..*……
3:18 :::::::::::::::
6:&Q . . . . . . …*. 10,
1:4 .
. . . . . . …66. 81, ;‘&s’
2:4 ..::::::::::::::
2:10 11: 2:20 ::::’::::::I:::: 58
8:3.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
2:16 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2:17 . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2~27 :::::::::::::::
;3; . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3:13 . . . . . . . . . …60.
Index of Scripture Texts
1 J;h;7(continued) P&m
: …………… 69
4:3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
4 : 4 . . . . . .64, 60. 70, 163
4:5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
4: 17 …………… 153
6:4 . . . . . . . . . . . .
.56, 169
………… 150
5: 19 ……. ..46. 64, 144
2 John FAQl
:lO . . . . . ..*……. 92
:~62*……….“…. g
a . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2end3 …………. 40
2 : i a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62


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